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90 Professions no longer need certifications

On November 13, the Department for Human Resources and Social Security abolished the “Provisions on Recruiting Personnel for Skilled Labor” adopted in 2000. Those provisions provided for official certification, both in terms of minimum credential certifications and also skill-level classifications, for 90 professions. Revoking the Provisions is said to be a decentralization effort aimed at removing barriers to employment and unnecessary business costs created by certification requirements.

Looking at the list of professions, many of which include heavy industrial and manufacturing work, one has to wonder what impact removing the certification procedures will have on product quality and safety. Perhaps the thinking is that market forces and new stricter legislation on Food Safety, Consumer Protection, Production Safety and other areas will be sufficient to ensure appropriate job training and quality controls; but that will provide little satisfaction to workers injured on the job or consumers of faulty products. If these certification procedures were already not very meaningful, why not revise them or increase enforcement instead of abolishing the entire system.

Red is for medicine-related Blue is for personal services Green is food-related



Production, transport, and equipment operators

  1. Lathesman
  2. Miller
  3. Grinder
  4. Boring-machine operator
  5. Combined machine operator
  6. Processing centre operator
  7. Foundry worker
  8. Forging worker
  9. Welder
  10. Metal heat treatment worker
  11. Cold sheet metal worker
  12. Coating worker
  13. Assembly fitter
  14. Instrument fitter
  15. Boiler equipment assembler
  16. Motor assembly
  17. High and low voltage electrical assembly
  18. Electronic instrument assembly
  19. Electrical instrument assembly
  20. Machine Benchwork
  21. Car mechanic
  22. Motorcycle mechanic
  23. Precision instrument mechanic
  24. Boiler equipment installation worker
  25. Transformer installation worker
  26. Maintenance electrician
  27. Computer maintenance worker
  28. Manual carpenter
  29. Fine woodworker
  30. Audio technician
  31. Manual production of precious metal jewelry
  32. Stone/Earthmoving machinery operator
  33. Masonry worker
  34. Concrete worker
  35. Rebar worker
  36. Scaffolder
  37. Waterproofer
  38. Renovator
  39. Electric equipment installer
  40. Pipe fitter
  41. Automobile drivers
  42. Lifting and loading machine operators
  43. Chemical inspection worker
  44. Food inspection worker
  45. Textile inspection worker
  46. Precious metals jewelry, diamond, gem and jade inpector
  47. Anti-corrosion worker

[/one_third] [one_third]


Commerce & Service Personnel

  1. Shop assistant
  2. Salesperson
  3. Publications distributor
  4. Chinese medicine trader
  5. Evaluator/appraiser
  6. Pharmaceutical products trader
  7. Chinese medicine dispenser
  8. Refrigeration worker
  9. Chinese-style cook
  10. Chinese-style baker
  11. Western-style cook
  12. Western-style baker
  13. Bartender
  14. Dietician
  15. Restaurant server
  16. Front office staff
  17. Room Attendant
  18. Therapeutic masseuse
  19. Vocational counselor
  20. Property manager
  21. Boiler operator
  22. Beautician
  23. Hairdresser
  24. Photographer
  25. Eyeglass optometrist
  26. 眼镜定配工
  27. Consumer electronics maintenance worker
  28. Home appliances maintenance worker
  29. Photographic equipment repair person
  30. Watch and clock repair person
  31. Office equipment maintenance worker
  32. Child-care provider
  33. Domestic service
  34. Senior care worker
[/one_third] [one_third_last] animals


Farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fishing water conservancy personnel

  1. Animal disease control worker
  2. Animal quarantine inspector
  3. Bio-gas production worker


Clerical and related personnel

  1. Secretary
  2. Public relations practitioners
  3. Computer operator
  4. Drafter
  5. Phone Operator
  6. Communication terminal technician
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Jeremy Daum is a Senior Fellow of the Yale Law School Paul Tsai China Center, based in Beijing, with over a decade of experience working in China on collaborative legal reform projects. His principal research focus is criminal procedure law, with a particular emphasis on protections of vulnerable populations such as juveniles and the mentally ill in the criminal justice system, and is also an authority on China’s ‘Social Credit System’. Jeremy has spoken about these issues at universities throughout China and in the U.S.; and has co-authored a book on U.S. Capital Punishment Jurisprudence for Chinese readers. He is also the founder and contributing editor of the collaborative translation and commentary site, dedicated to improving mutual understanding between legal professionals in China and abroad.
He translates, writes, edits, does web-design, graphic design, billing, tech support, and social media outreach for China Law Translate.

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