中华人民共和国行政处罚法(修订草案)(二次审议稿)

ALL TRANSLATIONS ON THIS SITE ARE UNOFFICIAL AND ARE PROVIDED FOR REFERENCE PURPOSES ONLY. THESE TRANSLATIONS ARE CREATED AND CONTINUOUSLY UPDATED BY USERS –THEY ARE FREE TO VIEW, BUT PROPER ATTRIBUTION IS REQUIRED FOR DISTRIBUTION OF THESE OR DERIVATIVE TRANSLATIONS. PAGES WITHOUT IMAGES ARE WORKS IN PROGRESS.

English中文(简体)

Chapter I: General Provisions

Chapter II: Types and Setup of Administrative Punishments

第三章 行政处罚的实施机关

第四章 行政处罚的管辖和适用

第五章 行政处罚的决定

Section 1: Ordinary Provisions

第二节 简易程序

第三节 普通程序

第六章 行政处罚的执行

Chapter VII: Legal Responsibility

Chapter VIII: Supplementary Provisions

Chapter I: General Provisions

Article 1: 为了规范行政处罚的设定和实施,保障和监督行政机关有效实施行政管理,维护公共利益和社会秩序,保护公民、法人或者其他组织的合法权益,根据宪法,制定本法。

Article 2: 行政处罚是指行政机关依法对违反行政管理秩序的公民、法人或者其他组织,以减损权益或者增加义务的方式予以惩戒的行为。

Article 3: This Law applies to the creation and implementation of administrative punishments.

Article 4: Where administrative punishments shall be given for the acts of citizens, legal persons, or other organizations that violate the order of administrative management, they are to be prescribed in accordance with this Law by laws, regulations or rules, and to be implemented by administrative organs in accordance with the procedures prescribed by this Law.

Article 5: Administrative punishments shall follow the principles of fairness and transparency.

The creation and implementation of administrative punishments must be based on facts and be commensurate with the facts, nature, circumstances, and degree of social harm of illegal conduct.

The provisions based on which administrative punishments are given for illegal conduct must be published; if not published, they shall not serve as the basis for administrative punishments.

Article 6: The implementation of administrative punishment and correction of illegal conduct shall persist in combining punishment and education, teaching citizens, legal persons, or other organizations to conscientiously follow the law.

Article 7: citizens, legal persons, or other organizations have the right to make statements and to contest administrative punishments given by administrative organs; and where they are unsatisfied with administrative punishments, they have the right to apply for an administrative reconsideration or raise administrative litigation in accordance with law.

Where citizens, legal persons, or other organizations are harmed by administrative organs for violations of law, they have the right to submit demands for compensation in accordance with law.

Article 8: Where citizens, legal persons, or other organizations receive administrative punishments for violations and their violations caused harm to others, they shall bear civil liability in accordance with law.

Where the illegal conduct constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be pursued in accordance with law; administrative punishments shall not be substituted for criminal penalties.

Chapter II: Types and Setup of Administrative Punishments

Article 9: Types of administrative punishments:

(1) warnings or circulation of a notice of criticism;

(2) fines, confiscation of illegal proceeds, or confiscation of illegal property;

(3) Temporary seizure of permits, reduction of qualification levels, cancellation of permits;

(四)责令关闭、责令停产停业、限制开展生产经营活动、限制从业;

(5) administrative detention;

(6) other administrative punishments provided for by laws or administrative regulations.

Article 10: Laws may provide for all types of administrative punishments.

Only laws may create administrative punishments that restrict physical liberty.

Article 11: Administrative regulations may set administrative punishments other than restrictions on physical liberty.

Where laws have already made provisions on administrative punishments for illegal conduct, and administrative regulations need to provide for specific provisions, they must be made within the scope of the conduct subject to administrative punishments and the types and ranges of such punishments as prescribed by the laws.

Where the law does not have provisions on administrative punishments for a violation, administrative regulations may set up supplemental administrative punishments. Where supplemental administrative punishments are proposed, comments shall be heard widely through means such as hearings or debate, and a written explanation is to be made to the drafting organs. Where administrative regulations are sent for filing, an explanation shall be made of any supplemental administrative punishments that have been set up.

Article 12: Administrative punishments other than those restricting physical liberty or canceling business licenses may be established by local regulations.

Where laws and administrative regulations already have provisions on administrative punishments for violations of law and local regulations need to make specific provisions, the provisions must be within the scope of conduct, categories, and degree for administrative punishment as provided for by laws and administrative regulations.

Where laws and administrative regulations do not have provisions on administrative punishments for violations of law, local regulations may make set up supplemental administrative punishments to implement the laws or administrative regulations. Where supplemental administrative punishments are proposed, comments shall be heard widely through means such as hearings or debate, and a written explanation is to be made to the drafting organs. When local regulations are sent for filing, an explanation shall be made of any supplemental administrative punishments that have been set up.

Article 13: State Council departmental rules may make specific provisions within the scope of conduct, categories, and degree for administrative punishment as provided for by laws and administrative regulations.

Where there are not yet laws or administrative regulations, State Council departmental regulations may establish administrative punishments of warnings, circulating criticism, or fines of a specified amount for violations of administrative management order. The amounts of fines are to be prescribed by the State Council.

Article 14: Local government rules may make specific provisions within the scope of conduct, categories, and degree for administrative punishment as provided for by laws and regulations.

尚未制定法律、法规的,地方政府规章对违反行政管理秩序的行为,可以设定警告、通报批评或者一定数量罚款的行政处罚。 The amounts of fines are to be determined by the standing committees of the people’s congresses of the provinces, autonomous regions and direct-administration municipalities.

Article 15: 国务院部门和省、自治区、直辖市人民政府及其有关部门应当定期组织评估行政处罚的实施情况和必要性,对不适当的行政处罚事项,应当提出修改或者废止的建议。

Article 16: 除本法第十条、第十一条、第十二条、第十三条以及第十四条的规定外,其他规范性文件不得设定行政处罚。

第三章 行政处罚的实施机关

Article 17: 行政处罚由具有行政处罚权的行政机关在法定职权范围内实施。

Article 18: 国家在城市管理、市场监管、生态环境、文化市场、交通运输、农业等领域推行建立综合行政执法制度,相对集中行政处罚权。

The State Council or the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions, and directly-governed municipalities may decide to have a single administrative agency exercise administrative punishment authority of relevant administrative organs.

限制人身自由的行政处罚权只能由公安机关行使。

Article 19: 法律、法规授权的具有管理公共事务职能的组织可以在法定授权范围内实施行政处罚。

Article 20: 行政机关依照法律、法规或者规章的规定,可以在其法定权限内委托符合本法第二十一条规定条件的组织实施行政处罚。 Administrative organs must not entrust other organizations or individuals to carry out administrative punishments. 委托行政机关和受委托组织应当向社会公开委托实施的行政处罚事项和依据。

委托行政机关对受委托的组织实施行政处罚的行为应当负责监督,并对该行为的后果承担法律责任。

受委托组织在委托范围内,以委托行政机关名义实施行政处罚;不得再委托其他任何组织或者个人实施行政处罚。

Article 21: 受委托组织必须符合以下条件:

(一)依法成立的具有管理公共事务职能的组织;

(二)具有熟悉有关法律、法规、规章和业务并取得行政执法资格的工作人员;

(三)对违法行为需要进行技术检查或者技术鉴定的,应当有条件组织进行相应的技术检查或者技术鉴定。

第四章 行政处罚的管辖和适用

Article 22: 行政处罚由违法行为发生地的行政机关管辖。

Where laws, administrative regulations, and departmental rules provide otherwise, follow those provisions.

Article 23: 行政处罚由县级以上地方人民政府具有行政处罚权的行政机关管辖。 Where laws and administrative regulations provide otherwise, those provisions control.

省、自治区、直辖市根据当地实际情况,可以决定将基层管理迫切需要的县级人民政府部门的行政处罚权交由能够有效承接且符合条件的乡镇人民政府、街道办事处行使。

Article 24: 两个以上行政机关都有管辖权,由最先立案的行政机关管辖。 对管辖发生争议的,应当协商解决,协商不成的,报请共同的上一级行政机关指定管辖;也可以由共同的上一级行政机关直接指定管辖。

Article 25: 行政机关因实施行政处罚的需要,可以向有关机关提出协助请求。 Where the matters for assistance are within the scope of the requested organ's authority, it shall provide assistance in accordance with law.

Article 26: 违法行为涉嫌犯罪的,行政机关必须及时将案件移送司法机关,依法追究刑事责任。

Article 27: 行政机关实施行政处罚时,应当责令当事人改正或者限期改正违法行为。

当事人因违法行为获取的违法所得,除依法应当退赔的外,应当予以没收。

Article 28: 对当事人的同一个违法行为,不得给予两次以上罚款的行政处罚。 同一个违法行为违反多个法律规范应当给予罚款处罚的,按照罚款数额高的规定执行。

Article 29: 不满十四周岁的人有违法行为的,不予行政处罚,责令监护人加以管教;已满十四周岁不满十八周岁的人有违法行为的,从轻或者减轻行政处罚。

Article 30: 精神病人、智力残疾人在不能辨认或者不能控制自己行为时有违法行为的,不予行政处罚,但应当责令其监护人严加看管和治疗。 Mentally ill persons with intermittent symptoms who exhibit unlawful conduct while psychologically normal shall be given administrative punishments.

Article 31: 当事人有下列情形之一的,应当从轻或者减轻行政处罚:

(1) They actively eliminate or reduce the harmful consequences of violations;

(2) They were compelled or enticed by others to commit violations;

(3) They actively confess unlawful conduct that the administrative organs did not know of;

(4) They cooperate with administrative organs and make a major meritorious contribution to investigating unlawful conduct;

(5) Other circumstances where laws, regulations, or rules provide for mitigation or communication of administrative punishments.

Where the illegal conduct was minor and promptly corrected, and there were no harmful consequences caused, administrative punishment is not given.

当事人有证据证明没有主观过错的,不予行政处罚。 Where laws and administrative regulations provide otherwise, those provisions control.

Article 32: 行政机关可以依法制定行政处罚裁量基准,规范行使行政处罚裁量权。 The norms for discretion in administrative punishment shall be announced to the public.

Article 33: 违法行为构成犯罪,人民法院判处拘役或者有期徒刑时,行政机关已经给予当事人行政拘留的,应当依法折抵相应刑期。

违法行为构成犯罪,人民法院判处罚金时,行政机关已经给予当事人罚款的,应当折抵相应罚金。

Article 34: 违法行为在二年内未被有权机关发现的,不再给予行政处罚。 对涉及公民生命健康安全的违法行为,在五年内未被有权机关发现的,不再给予行政处罚。 Except as otherwise provided for by law.

The period of time specified in the preceding paragraph shall be counted from the date the violation occurs; and where the violations are continuing or sustained, the time period is counted from the date the violations end.

Article 35: 行政处罚的依据适用违法行为发生时的法律、法规和规章的规定。 但是,作出行政处罚决定时,法律、法规和规章已被修改或者废止,且新的法律、法规和规章不认为是违法行为或者处罚较轻的,适用新的法律、法规和规章。

Article 36: 行政处罚没有依据或者实施主体不具有行政主体资格的,行政处罚无效。

Where violations of the legally-prescribed procedures were substantial and clearly illegal, the administrative punishments are invalid.

第五章 行政处罚的决定

Section 1: Ordinary Provisions

Article 37: 行政处罚的实施机关、立案依据、实施程序和救济渠道等信息应当公示。

Article 38: 公民、法人或者其他组织违反行政管理秩序的行为,依法应当给予行政处罚的,行政机关必须查明事实;违法事实不清、证据不足的,不得给予行政处罚。

Article 39: 行政机关依照法律、行政法规规定利用电子技术监控设备收集、固定违法事实的,应当经过法制和技术审核,确保电子技术监控设备设置合理、标准合格、标志明显,设置地点应当向社会公布。

The facts of the violation recorded by electronic technical surveillance equipment shall be true, clear, complete, and accurate. 行政机关应当对记录内容进行审核,未经审核的,不得作为证据。

行政机关应当及时通知当事人违法事实,并采取适当措施,方便当事人查询、陈述和申辩。

Article 40: 行政处罚应当由具有行政执法资格的执法人员实施。 There must not be fewer than two persons in enforcing the law, except as otherwise provided by law.

Law enforcement personnel shall enforce the law civilly, respecting and protecting the parties' lawful rights and interests.

Article 41: 执法人员与案件有直接利害关系或者有其他关系可能影响公正执法的,应当回避。

Where the parties feel that law enforcement personnel have a direct interest in the case or have other relationships that may affect the fairness of law enforcement, they have the right to apply for recusal.

Where parties submit an application for recusal, the administrative organs shall review it in accordance with law, and the responsible person for the administrative organs are to make a decision. 决定作出前,不停止调查。

Article 42: 行政机关在作出行政处罚决定之前,应当告知当事人拟作出的行政处罚内容及事实、理由、依据,并告知当事人依法享有的陈述、申辩、要求听证等权利。

Article 43: 当事人有权进行陈述和申辩。 The administrative organs must fully hear the parties, opinions and shall review the facts, reasoning, and evidence they put forth; and where the facts, reasoning, and evidence put forth by the parties' is sustained, the administrative organs shall accept them.

行政机关不得因当事人申辩而加重处罚。

Article 44: 证据包括:

(1) documentary evidence;

(2) physical evidence;

(3) audio-visual materials;

(4) electronic data;

(5) witness testimony;

(6) the statements of the parties;

(7) evaluation opinions;

(8) Inquest records, and on-scene records.

The veracity of evidence must be confirmed before it can be the basis for determining case facts.

Evidence acquired by illegal means must not serve as the basis for determining the case facts.

Article 45: 行政机关应当依法以文字、音像等形式,对行政处罚的启动、调查取证、审核、决定、送达、执行等进行全过程记录,归档保存。

Article 46: 行政处罚决定应当按照政府信息公开的有关规定予以公开。

公开的行政处罚决定被依法变更、撤销、确认违法或者确认无效的,行政机关应当在三日内撤回行政处罚决定相关信息并说明理由。

Article 47: 发生重大传染病疫情等突发事件,为了控制、减轻和消除突发事件引起的社会危害,行政机关对违反突发事件应对措施的行为,依法快速、从重处罚。

第二节 简易程序

Article 48: 违法事实确凿并有法定依据,对公民处以二百元以下、对法人或者其他组织处以三千元以下罚款或者警告的行政处罚的,可以当场作出行政处罚决定。 Where the law provides otherwise, follow those provisions.

Article 49: 执法人员当场作出行政处罚决定的,应当向当事人出示执法证件,填写预定格式、编有号码的行政处罚决定书。 行政处罚决定书应当当场交付当事人。 当事人拒绝签收的,

应当在行政处罚决定书上注明。

前款规定的行政处罚决定书应当载明当事人的违法行为,行政处罚的种类和依据、罚款数额、时间、地点,申请行政复议或者提起行政诉讼的途径和期限以及行政机关名称,并由执法人员签名或者盖章。

执法人员当场作出的行政处罚决定,必须报所属行政机关备案。

Article 50: 对当场作出的行政处罚决定,当事人应当依照本法第六十五条、Article 66:、第六十七条的规定履行。

第三节 普通程序

Article 51: 除本法第四十八条规定的可以当场作出的行政处罚外,行政机关发现公民、法人或者其他组织有依法应当给予行政处罚的行为的,必须全面、客观、公正地调查,收集有关证据;必要时,依照法律、法规的规定,可以进行检查。

Where the standards for case filing are met, the administrative organs shall promptly file the case.

Article 52: 执法人员在调查或者进行检查时,应当主动向当事人或者有关人员出示执法证件。 Parties and other relevant persons have the right to request that law enforcement personnel present their law enforcement identification. Where law enforcement personnel do not present their law enforcement identification, the parties or other relevant persons have the right to refuse to accept the investigation or inspections.

Parties and relevant persons shall respond truthfully to questions and assist in investigations or inspections, they must not refuse or obstruct. Notes shall be kept of questioning or inspections.

Article 53: 行政机关在收集证据时,可以采取抽样取证的方法;在证据可能灭失或者以后难以取得的情况下,经行政机关负责人批准,可以先行登记保存,并应当在七日内及时作出处理决定,在此期间,当事人或者有关人员不得销毁或者转移证据。

Article 54: 行政机关及其工作人员对调查、检查中知悉的国家秘密、商业秘密或者个人隐私,应当依法予以保密。

Article 55: 调查终结,行政机关负责人应当对调查结果进行审查,根据不同情况,分别作出如下决定:

(1) Where there is truly unlawful conduct for which administrative punishments shall be imposed in accordance with law, an administrative punishment decision is to be made in light of the seriousness and specific circumstances;

(2) Where the violation is more minor, and the law allows that an administrative punishment might not be imposed; do not impose an administrative punishment.

(3) Where a violation cannot be established, administrative punishment is not given;

(4) Where the unlawful conduct is a suspected crime, transfer to the judicial organs.

对情节复杂或者重大违法行为给予较重的行政处罚,行政机关的负责人应当集体讨论决定。

Article 56: 有下列情形之一,在行政机关负责人作出决定之前,应当由从事行政处罚决定法制审核的人员进行法制审核,未经法制审核或者审核未通过的,不得作出决定:

(1) It involves major public interests;

(2) It is directly connected to major rights and interests of parties or third parties, and following hearing procedures;

(3) The circumstances of the case are challenging and complicated, and involve many legal relationships;

(4) Other circumstances where laws or regulations provide that a legal review shall be conducted.

行政机关中初次从事行政处罚法制审核的人员,应当通过国家统一法律职业资格考试取得法律职业资格。

Article 57: 行政机关依照本法第五十五条的规定给予行政处罚,应当制作行政处罚决定书。 行政处罚决定书应当载明下列事项:

(1) The full name or business name, and address of the parties;

(2) Facts and evidence on the violation of laws, regulation, or rules.

(3) The type and basis of administrative punishment;

(4) The methods and time for enforcing the administrative punishment;

(5) The paths and time limits for applying for administrative reconsideration or filing an administrative lawsuit if dissatisfied with an administrative punishment decision;

(6) The name of the administrative organ making the administrative punishment decision, and the date the decision was made.

The administrative punishment decision document must bear the seal of the administrative organ that made the administrative punishment decision.

Article 58: 行政机关应当自行政处罚案件立案之日起九十日内作出行政处罚决定。 Where laws, regulations, and or rules provide differently, follow those provisions.

Article 59: 行政处罚决定书应当在宣告后当场交付当事人;当事人不在场的,行政机关应当在七日内依照《中华人民共和国民事诉讼法》的有关规定,将行政处罚决定书送达当事人。

Article 60: 行政机关及其执法人员在作出行政处罚决定之前,未依照本法第四十二条、第四十三条的规定向当事人告知拟作出的行政处罚内容及事实、理由、依据,或者拒绝听取当事人的陈述、申辩,不得作出行政处罚决定;当事人明确放弃陈述或

者申辩权利的除外。

第四节 听证程序

Article 61: 行政机关拟作出下列行政处罚决定之前,应当告知当事人有要求举行听证的权利,当事人要求听证的,行政机关应当组织听证:

(1) fines of larger amounts;

(2) Confiscation of larger values of unlawful gains, or confiscation of high-value illegal assets;

(3) Reduction of qualification levels or cancellation of permits;

(四)责令关闭、责令停产停业、限制从业;

(五)法律、法规和规章规定的其他情形。

The parties are not to bear the costs of hearings organized by the administrative organs.

Article 62: 听证应当依照以下程序组织:

(1) Where parties request a hearing, they shall submit it five days after the administrative organ's announcement;

(2) Seven days before the hearing shall be held, the administrative organ is to notify the parties and relevant persons of the time and location of the hearing;

(3) Hearings shall be held publicly except where they involve state secrets, commercial secrets, or personal privacy that is to be kept secret in accordance with law;

(4) The hearing is to be presided over by persons designated by the administrative organ who are not investigators in the case; where the parties find that those presiding have direct interests in the case, they have the right to apply for a recusal;

(5) Parties may participate in the hearing themselves and may also retain one or two representatives;

(六)当事人及其代理人无正当理由拒不出席听证或者未经许可中途退出听证的,视为放弃听证权利,行政机关应当终止听证;

(7) When holding the hearing, investigators are to submit the facts, evidence, and a recommendation for administrative punishment, and the parties are to conduct a defense and debate evidence;

(8) A record shall be made of the hearing. After the record has been given to the parties or their representatives and verified as being accurate, it shall be signed or have a seal affixed. Where parties or their representatives refuse to sign or affix their seal, those presiding over the hearing are to note this in the record.

Article 63: 听证结束后,行政机关应当根据听证笔录,依照本法第五十五条的规定,作出决定。

第六章 行政处罚的执行

Article 64: 行政处罚决定依法作出后,当事人应当在行政处罚决定的期限内,予以履行。

Where parties have economic hardship and need to extend the period or pay the fine in installments, then upon application to and with the approval of the administrative organs, payment may be suspended or made in installments.

Article 65: 作出罚款决定的行政机关应当与收缴罚款的机构分离。

除依照本法第六十六条、第六十七条的规定当场收缴的罚款外,作出行政处罚决定的行政机关及其执法人员不得自行收缴罚款。

当事人应当自收到行政处罚决定书之日起十五日内,向指定的银行缴纳罚款。 The bank shall accept the fine and send it directly to the treasury.

Article 66: 依照本法第四十八条的规定当场作出行政处罚决定,有下列情形之一的,执法人员可以当场收缴罚款:

(一)依法给予一百元以下的罚款的;

(2) Not collecting at the scene would make later enforcement difficult.

Article 67: 在边远、水上、交通不便地区,行政机关及其执法人员依照本法第四十八条、第五十五条的规定作出罚款决定后,当事人向指定的银行缴纳罚款确有困难,经当事人提出,行政机关及其执法人员可以当场收缴罚款。

Article 68: 行政机关及其执法人员当场收缴罚款的,必须向当事人出具国务院或者省、自治区、直辖市人民政府财政部门统一制发的专用票据;不出具财政部门统一制发的专用票据的,当事人有权拒绝缴纳罚款。

Article 69: 执法人员当场收缴的罚款,应当自收缴罚款之日起二日内,交至行政机关;在水上当场收缴的罚款,应当自抵岸之日起二日内交至行政机关;行政机关应当在二日内将罚款缴付指定的银行。

Article 70: 当事人逾期不履行行政处罚决定的,作出行政处罚决定的行政机关可以采取下列措施:

(一)到期不缴纳罚款的,每日按罚款数额的百分之三加处罚款;

(2) Based on provisions of law, auction off lawfully dispose of property that has been sealed or seized, or transfer frozen funds and remittances to offset the fines;

(3) Based on provisions of law, employ other administrative compulsory enforcement methods.

(四)依照《中华人民共和国行政强制法》规定申请人民法院强制执行。

Where administrative organs approve extensions or payment in installments, the period for applying to the people's court to compel enforcement is to be calculated from the date of the suspension or the end of the period for paying the fines in installments.

Article 71: 当事人对行政处罚决定不服申请行政复议或者提起行政诉讼的,行政处罚不停止执行,法律另有规定的除外。

Where parties request an administrative reconsideration or initiate administrative litigation, additional fines shall not be calculated for the period of the administrative reconsideration or administrative litigation.

Article 72: 除依法应当予以销毁的物品外,依法没收的非法财物必须按照国家规定公开拍卖或者按照国家有关规定处理。

罚款、没收违法所得或者没收非法财物拍卖的款项,必须全部上缴国库,任何行政机关或者个人不得以任何形式截留、私分或者变相私分。

罚款、没收违法所得或者没收非法财物拍卖的款项,不得同作出行政处罚决定的行政机关及其工作人员的考核、考评直接或者变相挂钩。 财政部门不得以任何形式向作出行政处罚决定的行政机关返还罚款、没收的违法所得或者返还没收非法财物的拍卖

款项。

Article 73: 行政机关应当建立健全对行政处罚的监督制度。 县级以上人民政府应当定期组织开展行政执法评议、考核,

加强对行政处罚的监督检查,规范和保障行政处罚的实施。

公民、法人或者其他组织对行政机关作出的行政处罚,有权申诉或者检举;行政机关应当认真审查,发现行政处罚有错误的,应当主动改正。

Chapter VII: Legal Responsibility

Article 74: 行政机关实施行政处罚,有下列情形之一的,由上级行政机关或者有关机关责令改正,可以对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依法给予处分:

(1) There is no legally-prescribed basis for the administrative punishment;

(2) Changed the type or scope of administrative punishment without authorization;

(3) violated the legally-prescribed procedures for administrative punishments;

(4) Violated the provisions on entrusting punishment in article 20 of this law;

(5) Law enforcement personnel did not obtain law enforcement identification.

Where administrative organs do not promptly file a case that meets the standards for case filing, it is to be handled in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph.

Article 75: 行政机关对当事人进行处罚不使用罚款、没收财物单据或者使用非法定部门制发的罚款、没收财物单据的,当事人有权拒绝处罚,并有权予以检举。 上级行政机关或者有关部门对使用的非法单据予以收缴销毁,对直接负责的主管人员和其

他直接责任人员依法给予处分。

Article 76: 行政机关违反本法第六十五条的规定自行收缴罚款的,财政部门违反本法第七十二条的规定向行政机关返还罚款或者拍卖款项的,由上级行政机关或者有关机关责令改正,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依法给予处分。

Article 77: 行政机关将罚款、没收的违法所得或者财物截留、私分或者变相私分的,由财政部门或者有关部门予以追缴,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依法给予处分;情节严重构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。

执法人员利用职务上的便利,索取或者收受他人财物、收缴罚款据为己有,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任;情节轻微不构成犯罪的,依法给予处分。

Article 78: 行政机关使用或者损毁扣押的财物,对当事人造成损失的,应当依法予以赔偿,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依法给予处分。

Article 79: 行政机关违法实行检查措施或者执行措施,给公民人身或者财产造成损害、给法人或者其他组织造成损失的,应当依法予以赔偿,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依法给予处分;情节严重构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。

Article 80: 行政机关对应当依法移交司法机关追究刑事责任的不移交,以行政处罚代替刑罚,由上级行政机关或者有关机关责令纠正;拒不纠正的,对直接负责的主管人员给予处分;徇私舞弊、包庇纵容违法行为的,依照刑法有关规定追究刑事责任。

Article 81: 执法人员玩忽职守,对应当予以制止和处罚的违法行为不予制止、处罚,致使公民、法人或者其他组织的合法权益、公共利益和社会秩序遭受损害的,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依法给予处分;情节严重构成犯罪的,依法

追究刑事责任。

Chapter VIII: Supplementary Provisions

Article 82: 外国人、无国籍人、外国组织在中华人民共和国领域内有违法行为,应当给予行政处罚的,适用本法,法律另有规定的除外。

Article 83: 本法中“二日”“三日”“五日”“七日”的规定是指工作日,不含法定节假日。

Article 84: This Law shall take effect on xx-xx-xxxx.

 

About China Law Translate 1145 Articles
CLT is a crowdsourced, crowdfunded legal translation project that enables English speaking people to better understand Chinese law.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*