Jilin Province Social Credit Regulations

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(2021年9月28日吉林省第十三届人民代表大会常务委员会第三十次会议通过)

Chapter I: General Provisions

Article 1: These Regulations are formulated on the basis of relevant laws and administrative regulations, and in consideration of actual conditions in this province, so as to strengthen the management of Social Credit Information, to regulate social credit services, to protect credit subjects' lawful rights and interests, to advance the establishment of the social credit system, and increase the entire society's level of credit.

Article 2: These Regulations apply to activities in this province's administrative region such as the aggregation, collection, sharing, disclosure, querying, and use of Social Credit Information; rewards for trustworthiness and punishments for untrustworthiness; the protection of credit subjects' rights and interests; and the regulation and management of the credit services industry, and the establishment of a social credit environment.

Where laws and administrative regulations have other provisions on protecting personal information, credit reporting, the display of enterprise information, and so forth, those provisions control.

Article 3: Social credit as used in these regulations refers to natural persons', legal persons', and unincorporated organizations' (hereinafter collectively 'credit subjects') status of complying with legally-prescribed obligations, and performance of contractual obligations in social and economic activities.

Article 4: The establishment of the social credit system shall follow the principle of being promoted by the government, with joint societal participation, coordination and planning, information sharing, and strengthening applications, and shall lawfully protect the security of credit information and credit subjects' lawful rights and interests.

Activities such as the collection, aggregation, sharing, disclosure, querying and use of Social Credit Information shall comply with the principles of legality, objectivity, propriety, timeliness, necessity, and security; and must not violate state secrecy, commercial secrecy, or personal privacy.

Article 5: People's governments at the county level or above shall make overall plans for efforts on the advancement of the social credit system for that administrative reason, include the establishment of a social credit system in the citizen's economic and social development plan, and coordinate the resolution of major issues in the establishment of a social credit system.

The departments in charge of social credit for people's governments at the county level or above are responsible for the overall coordination, oversight, and management of that administrative region's efforts on the establishment of the social credit system.

Other relevant departments of people's governments at the county level or above are responsible for efforts related to coordinating and completing the establishment of the social credit system within the scope of their duties.

Article 6: The provincial people's government's department in charge of social credit shall coordinate the establishment of a comprehensive credit information services platform, integrating Social Credit Information resources, and establishing Social Credit Information sharing mechanisms that cross industries, fields, and regions.

The comprehensive credit information services platform is to collect and aggregate Social Credit Information in accordance with law, using methods such as portal websites, mobile terminals, and service desks to provide services such as the disclosure, sharing, querying, and application of Social Credit Information, handling objections, and credit restoration.

Chapter II: Collection and Aggregation of Social Credit Information

Article 7: Social Credit Information as used in these Regulations, refers to data and materials that can be used to identify, analyze, and asses Credit Subjects' credit statuses, and includes Public Credit Information and Market Credit Information.

Public Credit Information as used in these Regulations refers to Social Credit Information produced or acquired by state organs or organizations authorized by laws or regulations to have public affairs management functions in the course of performing legally-prescribed duties or in the provision of public services.

Market Credit Information as used in these Regulations refers to Social Credit Information that is produced or acquired by credit service establishments, industry associations, chambers of commerce, and other enterprises and public institutions, during the course of their production and operations, provision of services, or industry self-regulation.

"Credit service establishments" as used in these regulations refers to establishments that engage in credit reporting, credit rating, credit management consulting, credit risk management, and related business activities, and that provide credit products and services to the public.

Article 8: The uniform social credit code is the sole association matching identifier for the aggregation of legal persons' and unincorporated organizations' Social Credit Information; resident identity cards, or other valid identification documents, are the sole associated matching identifier for the aggregation of natural persons' credit information.

Article 9: Cataloged management is implemented for Public Credit Information. Public Credit Information catalogs include the National Basic Catalog of Public Credit Information and local supplemental catalogs of Public Credit Information.

In conjunction with relevant departments, the departments in charge of social credit for the people's governments at the county level or above may draft supplementary Public Credit Information catalogs to be applied in that administrative region on the basis of local regulations, and update them as needed on the basis of updates to the National Basic Catalog of Public Credit Information and as needed for work. Each item of Public Credit Information included in local supplemental directories of Public Credit Information shall indicate the specific corresponding conduct involved, whether it is open, the scope of sharing, the sources and channels for aggregation, the frequency of updates, and other such content.

The comments of relevant local departments (units) and related market entities, industry associations, chambers of commerce, legal service establishments, expert scholars, and the public shall be solicited on programs proposed for inclusion in the local supplementary catalog of Public Credit Information.

The drafting and updating of local supplemental directories of Public Credit Information shall be reported for approval by the people's governments at that level and be publicly announced. Districted cities and autonomous prefecture-level counties (municipalities, regions) that draft or update local supplemental directories of Public Credit Information shall report to the provincial level people's government's department in charge of social credit. Provincial-level people's governments' departments in charge of social credit are to send copies of the local supplemental directories of Public Credit Information to the National Development and Reform Commission and the People's Bank of China.

Article 10: In performing their duties, the state organs and organizations authorized by laws or regulations to have public affairs management functions shall follow the requirements of the National Basic Catalog of Public Credit Information, departmental (or sectoral) Public Credit Information items compiled by relevant state departments on the basis of the National Basic Catalog of Public Credit Information, and the local supplemental catalog of Public Credit Information, to promptly, accurately, and completely record credit subjects' Public Credit Information, aggregate and integrate the Public Credit Information of credit subjects' in the corresponding system, and share it with the comprehensive credit information services platform.

The comprehensive credit information services platform shall be interconnected and share information with platforms and systems such as for government affairs and online regulation

Public Credit information providing units are responsible for the authenticity, accuracy, and integrity of the Public Credit Information they provide.

Article 11: People's governments at the county level or above shall establish mechanisms for the voluntary registration of Market Credit Information. Credit subjects are encouraged to register credit information such as on qualification licenses, market operations, contract performance, and public interest with the comprehensive credit information services platform as well as industry associations and chambers of commerce, and other social organizations, and guarantee the lawfulness, veracity, and accuracy of the credit information.

As needed for management and services, industry associations and chambers of commerce, and other social organizations may lawfully record the Market Credit Information of member enterprises, and businesses in accordance with the principles of legality, objectivity, necessity, and voluntariness.

Article 12: Where the collection and aggregation of Social Credit Information involved personal information, the person involved shall be notified of the goals, methods, and scope of collecting or aggregating the information, and be upon their consent, except as otherwise provided by laws or regulations; it is prohibited for any units or individuals to collect, aggregate, or use personal information without authorization, by compelling authorization, or through a single lifetime authorization; it is prohibited to collect information on individuals' religious faith, genes, fingerprints, blood type, or medical history, as well as other personal information that laws and administrative regulations prohibit the collection of; and information such as on individual's income, savings, negotiable securities, commercial insurance, real estate, and tax values, must not be collected except after explicitly informing the credit subject of the negative consequences that providing that information might cause, and obtaining their written consent.

Chapter III: The Disclosure of Social Credit Information

Article 13: The scope of disclosure of Social Credit Information shall be determined based on the principles of legality and necessity.

Article 14: Public Credit Information is to be disclosed through methods such as lawful public disclosure, government affairs sharing, inquiries made based on authority, inquiries made with real name verification, and authorized inquiries.

Public Credit Information that shall be publicly disclosed in accordance with law, is to be made public through the comprehensive credit information services platform and the platform on which that level of people's government and relevant departments publish information externally.

Article 15: Market Credit Information may be disclosed through lawful public disclosure, proactive disclosure by credit subjects, authorized inquiries, lawful provision by credit service establishments, or other agreed-upon methods.

Article 16: The departments in charge of social credit for the provincial people's government are to provide convenient inquiry services to the public through the comprehensive credit information services platform, drafting and publishing specifications for inquiries into Social Credit Information, indicating the authority and procedures for information inquiries, establishing systems for registering and reviewing inquiries and use of information, and establishing inquiry.

Article 17: Credit subjects enjoy the right to make inquiries into their own Social Credit Information. Units providing inquiry services for Social Credit Information shall facilitate.

State organs and organizations authorized by laws or regulations to have public affairs management functions sharing government affairs or making inquiries into Public Credit Information on the basis of their authority shall follow the principle of reasonable administration, and the acquired Public Credit Information must not be used outside the scope of performing duties and must not be publicly disclosed without authorization.

The written authorization of the credit subject shall be obtained to make inquiries into Social Credit Information that the credit subject made authorized inquiries into. Except as otherwise specified by laws and administrative regulations.

Chapter IV: Incentives for Trustworthiness and Punishments for Untrustworthiness

Article 18: Lawfully establish mechanisms for incentives for trustworthiness and punishments for untrustworthiness, strengthening advocacy and praise for trustworthy conduct, and lawfully conducting punishment and restraint of untrustworthy conduct.

A dynamic list management system is to be implemented for incentives for trustworthiness and punishments for trustworthiness.

Article 19: The departments in charge of social credit for people's governments at the county level or above are responsible for drafting and updating the lists of incentive measures for trustworthiness in conjunction with relevant departments. When drafting or updating the list of incentive measures for trustworthiness, they shall indicate content such as the incentive measures, the content of the incentives, the target of the incentives, and the implementing entities. After making them public for the solicitation of comments, they are to be reported for approval to the people's government of that level, publicly disclosed, and reported to the people's governments at the level above's department in charge of social credit.

Article 20: State organs and organizations authorized by laws and regulations to have public affairs management functions shall determine the targets of incentives for trustworthiness in relevant fields in accordance with the list of incentive measures for trustworthiness.

Proposed designations of targets of incentives for trustworthiness shall be publicly displayed. Where there are no objections after public display, the targets may be designated. Where there are objections, the designating units are to verify and address them. Where there are still objections after verification and handling, a reevaluation may be applied for to the department in charge of social credit for that level of people's government.

Article 21: The list of reward measures for trustworthiness may be determined within the following scope:

(1) When using credit pledges in handling administrative permit matters, where the applicant pledges to meet requirements and provide relevant materials, they may be granted permissive acceptance, simplified procedures, and other service facilitation measures.

(2) Where other requirements are equal, make them priority choices for public financing and project support;

(3) In bidding and tendering for government investment projects, state land transfers, and other such activities, give policy supports where other conditions are the same.

(4) reasonably decreasing the proportion and frequency of spot inspections in routine regulation;

(5) Display on the comprehensive credit information services platform and give recommendations in exhibitions, bank-business connections, awards selection, and other activities;

(6) other incentive measures provided for by laws, regulations, and state provisions.

Article 22: Lists of punishments for untrustworthiness include the National Basic List of Punishment Measures for Untrustworthiness and local supplemental lists of punishment measures for untrustworthiness.

In conjunction with relevant departments, the departments in charge of social credit for the people's governments at the county level or above may draft supplementary lists of punishments for untrustworthiness on the basis of local regulations and update them as needed on the basis of updates to the National Basic Catalog of Public Credit Information and as needed for work.

The comments of relevant local departments (units) and related market entities, industry associations, chambers of commerce, legal service establishments, expert scholars, and the public shall be solicited on programs proposed for inclusion in the local supplementary list of punishments for untrustworthiness.

The drafting and updating of the local supplemental list of punishments for untrustworthiness shall indicate content such as the punishment measure, the content of the punishments, the targets of the punishment, the basis in law or policy, and the implementing entities, and it shall be reported for approval to the people's government at the corresponding level and publicly disclosed. Districted cities autonomous prefecture-level counties (municipalities, regions) that draft or update the local list of supplemental punishments for untrustworthiness shall report to the provincial level people's government's department in charge of social credit. Provincial-level people's governments' departments in charge of social credit are to send copies of local lists of supplemental punishments for untrustworthiness to the National Development and Reform Commission and the People's Bank of China.

Article 23: State organs and organizations authorized by laws and regulations to have public affairs management functions shall follow the provisions of the National Basic List of Punishment Measures for Untrustworthiness and the local lists of supplemental punishments for untrustworthiness, in designated the targets of punishments in relevant fields, and designations of untrustworthy conduct shall have a basis in effective legal documents.

Where there is a proposed designation as a target of punishment of untrustworthiness, the party shall be notified, and written notice shall be given of the grounds, basis for carrying out punishment, the punishment measures, and the rights they enjoy in accordance with law. Where there are objections, the designating units are to verify and address them. Where there are still objections after verification and handling, a reevaluation may be applied for to the department in charge of social credit for that level of people's government.

Article 24: The principles of legality, relevance, and proportionality shall be followed in implementing punishments for untrustworthiness, they shall be in accordance with the National Basic List of Punishment Measures for Untrustworthiness and local lists of supplemental punishments for untrustworthiness, based on the nature and seriousness of the untrustworthy conduct, and they employed punishments are to correspond to its severity. Without authorization, punishments for untrustworthiness must not be added, the scope of targets in the lists must not be expanded, and the legally-prescribed standards for punishment must not be exceeded to increase punishment.

Article 25: Serious untrustworthy conduct primarily refers to serious unlawful and untrustworthy conduct such as that seriously endangers the public's safety in their health and lives, that seriously undermines the order of fair market competition and social justice, and refusals to perform legally prescribed obligations seriously influencing judicial and administrative organs' credibility.

Fields establishing lists of the seriously untrustworthy must have a basis in laws, regulations, or state policy documents, and must not add to or expand them on their own.

Designation standards for lists of seriously untrustworthy entities are to enforce laws, administrative regulations, national policy documents, or department rules. The designation standards for list systems on seriously untrustworthy entities that are to be implemented only within a local scope shall be based on the local regulations.

Lists of seriously untrustworthy entities are to be set by the relevant departments of people's governments at the county level or above in accordance with relevant standards, except as otherwise provided by laws, regulations, and departmental rules. Before the designating units make a designation decision, they shall notify the party and inform them in writing of the grounds and basis for entry into the list of seriously untrustworthy entities and of the rights they enjoy in accordance with law. Where the parties put forward objections, the designating units shall verify and address them, and give feedback on the outcome within the designated time period.

The designating units shall rely on the corresponding administrative decision documents to enter credit subjects into the list of seriously untrustworthy entities, indicating the grounds, basis, alerts on punishment measures for untrustworthiness, conditions and procedures for removal, remedies, and so forth, and when necessary the designating units may also draft an independent decision document on the designation.

Article 26: Where the seriously untrustworthy entity is a legal person or unincorporated organization, when recording the unit's serious untrustworthy conduct, the legal representative or principal responsible person, and other persons directly responsible for the seriously untrustworthy acts shall be indicated. While conducting punishment of seriously untrustworthy entities, the relevant departments may concurrently employ punishment measures against their legal representatives, principle responsible persons, and other directly responsible persons in accordance with law.

Article 27: Administrative organs and organizations authorized by laws or regulations to have public affairs management functions shall make the relevant credit subjects' Social Credit Information and Comprehensive Public Credit Assessments a major consideration in carrying out administrative management in managing the following matters:

(1) In administrative management matters such as administrative approvals and qualification reviews;

(2) In oversight and management of fields such as food safety, drug safety, production safety, and environmental protection;

(3) In economic and social management activities such as government purchasing, bidding and tendering on government investment projects, government finance supports, special funding arrangements, and government land use;

(4) Other administrative management matters where Social Credit Information needs to be used;

Article 28: Market entities are encouraged to use Social Credit Information and credit assessment outcomes in activities such as production, business, and trading, to prevent transaction risks.

Article 29: industry associations and chambers of commerce shall strengthen the establishment of systems for managing industry credit, establish systems for pledges to be truthful and discipline covenants, to regulate members' conduct and preserve fair competition in the markets. industry associations, chambers of commerce, and so forth are encouraged to implement rewards for trustworthiness and punishments for untrustworthiness based on organization charters, but must not violate relevant laws and regulations and must not harm the lawful rights and interests of members.

Chapter V: Safeguards of credit subjects' rights and interests, and information security

Article 30: The provincial people's government's departments in charge of Social Credit shall, in conjunction with relevant departments, establish and complete mechanisms for protecting credit subjects' rights and interests, mechanisms to pursue accountability for credit information violations and mechanisms for handling objections to credit information and restoring credit, to safeguards Credit Subjects' lawful rights and interests.

Article 31: Credit Subjects have the right to know about conditions such as the collection, aggregation, disclosure, and use of their Social Credit Information, as well as the sources of information contained in their own credit reports, and the reasons for any changes.

When relevant services are provided to credit subjects, those services must not be tied to the collection of Social Credit Information, or credit subjects must not be coerced or indirectly coerced to accept them.

Article 32: Where credit subjects feel the Social Credit Information recorded on or disclosed by the comprehensive credit information services platform has any of the following situations, they may submit an objection to the comprehensive credit information services platform.

(1) The Social Credit Information record does not conform to the truth, has errors, or ommissions;

(2) Violations of commercial secrets or personal privacy;

(3) Information on untrustworthiness is displayed beyond the time limits for display;

(4) The standards for designating untrustworthy entities are not met but the are entered into the untrustworthiness list or not removed from it;

(5) Other matters provided for in laws, regulations, or state provisions.

Article 33: The comprehensive credit information services platform shall conduct a verification and make an objection label within 3 working days of receiving an objection, and handle it according to the following situations:

(1) Where it is within the scope to be corrected by the comprehensive credit information services platform, a decision on handling the objection shall be made within three working days of receiving the objection, and the applicant is to be informed of the outcome;

(2) Where it is within the scope to be corrected by a credit information providing unit, the objection shall be transferred to to the credit information providing unit within 3 working days for verification and handling; The credit information providing units shall complete verification within 3 working days of receiving a transferred objection, make a decision on its handling, and notify the comprehensive credit information services platform in writing; the comprehensive credit information services platform is to handle objections based on the decision, cancel the objection labeling, and concurrently inform the applicant of the outcome.

During the period of handling an objection, the objected to Social Credit Information and credit reports made on the basis of it shall be labeled.

Article 34: Where credit subjects feel that platform records that are disclosed by any level of people's government or relevant departments or disclosed Public Credit Information has any of the circumstances listed in article 32 of these Regulations, they may submit an objection to the people's government or department. All levels of people's government and relevant departments shall make a decision on handling the objection within three working days of receiving it, and the applicant is to be informed of the outcome;

After information that has already been shared on the comprehensive credit information services platform is corrected in accordance with the preceding paragraph, the people's governments and relevant departments shall promptly notify the platform to address it.

Article 35: Credit service establishments, industry associations and chambers of commerce, and other enterprises or public institutions shall establish channels for accepting objections to Market Credit Information, clarify rules for handling objections, and disclose these to the public.

Article 36: Where credit subjects correct untrustworthy conduct and eliminate the negative impact as required, they may apply for credit restoration to the units designating untrustworthy information or credit information aggregation establishments, except as otherwise provided by law. The specific requirements and procedures for credit restoration are to be enforcement according to relevant provisions.

Where conditions are met for credit restoration, the unit accepting the application shall remove them from the list of seriously untrustworthy entities in accordance with provisions, stop disclosure and sharing of the relevant information on untrustworthiness, place a label, block, or delete the relevant information on untrustworthiness and inform the credit subject of the restoration.

Article 37: The departments in charge of social credit for people's governments at the county level or above shall establish and complete systems for managing the security of credit information to safeguard credit information security.

Units collecting, aggregating, disclosing, and using Social Credit Information shall perform information security management duties, establish security management and emergency response mechanisms for Social Credit Information, and complete systems for registering and reviewing inquiries and usage of credit information as well as for maintaining confidentiality.

Chapter VI: Credit services and regulation

Article 38: People's governments at the county level or above shall draft policies and measures to promote the development of the credit services industry, regulating and guiding credit service establishments, cultivating a credit services market, and supporting the development of the credit services industry.

Article 39: The provincial people's government's departments in charge of social credit shall conduct management of credit service establishments and establish credit pledge and credit assessment systems for credit service establishments. Conduct annual inspections and public sentiment monitoring on credit service establishments' performance on credit pledges, and establish access and removal mechanisms for credit service establishments.

Article 40: Credit Service Establishments collecting and handling of Social Credit Information, and provision of credit products, shall follow the principles of objectivity, fairness, prudence, and independence; lawfully accepting oversight and management.

Credit service establishments' organization, storage, and processing of domestically-collected credit information shall be handled domestically. Provision of credit information to foreign organizations or individuals shall be in accordance with laws and administrative regulations.

Article 41: Encourage bringing in Credit Service Establishments to participate in credit management in the management of key industries, to provide credit services for the establishment, filing, and access qualifications for industry Credit Information archives; and provide industry credit status monitoring reports.

Article 42: After authorization by credit subjects and Public Credit Information providing units, the comprehensive credit information services platform may provide Public Credit Information services to credit service establishments that meet the provided requirements.

Article 43: The credit service industry organizations shall strengthen self-discipline and management, promoting the drafting of credit service industry standards technical specifications, and management specifications, compiling industry statistical reports, carrying out publicity and education activities, publishing industry information, and increasing the capacity and credibility of industry services.

Chapter VII: The Establishment of a Social Credit Environment

Article 44: All levels of people's government shall strengthen the establishment of creditworthiness in government affairs, persisting in administration in accordance with law, openness in government affairs, and keeping one's word; and playing a role of modeling and leadership in the establishment of a social credit system.

Article 45: All levels of people's government and relevant departments shall establish and complete government affairs credit archives, recording information such as government performance on contracts, keeping promises, as well as information on violations of laws and regulations and untrustworthy breaches of contract that have been subject of judicial judgments, disciplinary sanctions, or accountability handling.

All levels of people's government and relevant departments shall perform on contracts concluded with market entities in accordance with law, and honor lawful preferential requirements promised in writings such as meeting minutes and documents. Where it is necessary to make changes in policy pledges or contracts and agreements for the national interest or societal public interest, it shall be done in accordance with legally-prescribed authority and procedures, and the market entities suffering losses as a result are to be compensated in accordance with law.

Article 46: All levels of people's government and relevant departments shall promote the credit pledge system, including performance of credit pledges in credit subjects' credit records. Credit subjects making pledges shall accept social oversight.

Article 47: All levels of People’s Governments and relevant departments build new forms of credit-based regulatory mechanism, and promote the implementation of hierarchical and categorical credit regulation supervision in market regulation and market access for public services, qualifications accreditation, administrative approvals, policy supports, and other such areas, and employ differentiated regulatory measures on the basis of regulatory subjects' credit levels.

Article 48: Judicial organs shall strengthen the establishment of judicial credibility, strengthen internal oversight, improve restraining mechanisms, advance judicial openness, preserve fairness and justice, and increase judicial credibility.

Article 49: All levels of people's government and relevant departments shall give full play to the role of television, radio, newspapers, the internet, and other media in publicity and guidance, to publicize and spread awareness of social credit, creating a creditworthy public sentiment environment and social atmosphere.

All industries (or sectors) shall combine the establishment of spiritual civilization, the selection of models of morality, and activities in creating creditworthiness, to set up exemplars of creditworthiness and carry forward the traditional culture of honesty and trustworthiness, and the modern spirit of contract.

Chapter VIII: Legal Responsibility

Article 50: Where the laws or regulations already have provisions on the legal responsibility for violations of the provisions of these Regulations, follow those provisions.

Article 51: Where State organs or organizations authorized by laws or regulations to have public affairs management functions and their staffs have any of the following situations, the competent departments prescribed by law are responsible for making corrections; where the circumstances are serious, the directly responsible managers and other directly responsible personnel are to be given sanctions in accordance with law, and where a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility is pursued in accordance with law:

(1) Failure to perform necessary inquiries into credit information or use credit reports;

(2) Illegally obtaining, transmitting, selling, or using credit information;

(3) Altering, fabricating, leaking, or destroying credit information;

(4) Failure to perform duties to handle objections to information or repair credit;

(5) Carrying out punishments in violation of laws and regulations;

(6) Failure to establish Social Credit Information security management systems or and failure to perform duties to ensure information security;

(7) Other conduct failing to perform duties in accordance with these Regulations.

Article 52: Where units providing or using Market Credit Information, as well as their staff, have any of the following situations, the relevant department in charge as provided for in laws and regulations is to order corrections, a suspension of operation for rectification, and confiscation of unlawful gains; where a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility is to be pursued in accordance with law.

(1) Illegal collection or aggregation of credit information;

(2) Illegally obtaining, transmitting, selling, or using credit information;

(3) Altering, fabricating, leaking, or destroying credit information;

(4) failing to follow provisions to conduct verifications and handle information that is objected to;

(5) Making inquiries into information such as commercial secrets or personal privacy without approvals or authorization;

(6) Bundling the collection of Market Credit Information to other services, or coercing or indirectly coercing Credit Subjects' authorization of services;

(7) Refusing or obstructing inspections or investigations by business management departments, or not truthfully providing relevant documents or materials;

(8) Other conduct violating credit subjects' lawful rights and interests.

Chapter IX: Supplementary Provisions

Article 53: These Regulations are to take force on January 1, 2022.

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