The Supreme People's Court's Major Topics and Priorities for judicial research in 2021

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[Source]https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/SOKn7FbKSMeh2RhZQZc42A
1. Research on the people's courts' implementation of Xi Jinping through on the rule of law
Research Focus: The scientific connotation and major significance of Xi Jinping Thought on the Rule of Law; the theoretical interpretation and practical application of the important discourse on judicial work in Xi Jinping’s Thought on the Rule of Law; points for emphasis and entry for the people’s courts fully implementing Xi Jinping’s Thought on the Rule of Law.
2. Research into the people's courts' provision of judicial services and safeguards for economic and social development during the period of the 14th 5-year Plan
Research Focus: The blueprint for the rule of law and the functional orientation of the people's courts in the 14th Five-Year Plan; Guiding directives, main goals, and specific thinking for the people's courts serving and safeguarding economic and social development during the period of the 14th Five-Year Plan; Constructing mechanisms and systems for the people's courts serving and safeguarding major strategic arrangements during the period of the 14th Five-Year Plan.
3. Research into developing high-quality work in the people's courts for the new era;
Research Focus: Requirements for high-quality development of the people's courts work for the new era; the current status and challenges in the high-quality development of the people's courts; Ideas and measures for bringing about a higher level of fairness and justness in the work of the people's courts.
4. Research on the implementation of the criminal policy of blending leniency with severity in the new situation
Research Focus: New developments in the criminal policy of blending leniency and severity in the new situation; overall requirements for the people's courts implementation of the criminal policy of blending leniency and severity; the application of the criminal policy of blending leniency and severity in the area of new forms of crimes; Improvement of working mechanisms for the implementation of the criminal policy of blending leniency and severity
5. Research into practical issues in the plea leniency system
Research Focus: The scope of application for the plea leniency system; the understanding and application of 'lenient handling' in plea cases; The trial model for plea cases; Improvement of procedures for the plea leniency system.
6. Empirical research for revising the judicial interpretations on criminal environmental pollution
Research Focus: The overall status, specific effects, and existing problems in the practice of punishing crimes of environmental pollution since the Implementation of the "Interpretation on Criminal Environmental Pollution" and the "Minutes on Criminal Environmental Pollution"; The impact of the Criminal Law Amendment 11's revisions the crime of environmental pollution on the practice of punishing environmental pollution crimes; Specific content and main considerations in the "Interpretation on Criminal Environmental Pollution" and the "Minutes on Criminal Environmental Pollution" that need to be revised based on Criminal Law Amendment 11.
7. Research on coordinating and connecting the Civil Procedure Law, Civil Code, and other substantive laws
Research Focus: Key research on the coordination and connection of the Civil Code's implementation, litigation system, trial system, evidence system, enforcement system, and other areas based on the newly added systems and major revisions in the Civil Code; Systematic research on adjustments to the applicability of the Criminal Procedure Law based on revisions or drafting of other substantive civil laws.
8. Research on issues in the application of injunctions against infringements of personality rights
Research Focus: The characteristics and functions of injunctions for personality rights infringements; The systemic position of injunctions for personality rights infringements in the Civil Code; the requirements for applying injunctions for personality rights infringements, the standards of proof, and the legal effect.
9. Research on issues in the legal relationship between workers and platform operators in the platform economy model
Research Focus: The employment relationship between workers and platform operators; Rules for the protection of employees' rights and interests, and platform operators' taking on responsibility; Platform operators' responsibility for 3rd parties.
10. Research on issues in the application of law in civil disputes related to crimes
Research Focus: Practical challenges and major theoretical disputes in the trial of cases that cross civil and civil matters; The scope and requirements for accepting cases of civil disputes that involve criminal responsibility; Linkage between civil liability and procedures for recovery and restitution.
11. Research on issues of the application of international treaties in the context of the overall promotion of domestic rule of law and rule of law relating to foreign-interests
Research Focus: 总结司法实践适用国际条约的案例、成效经验以及存在的问题;立足坚持统筹推进国内法治和涉外法治,研究国际条约在国内法律体系的位阶、效力、解释和适用等重大问题;加快推进涉外法治工作战略布局等。
12. Research on issues on the judicial application of administrative clauses in the Civil Code
Research Focus: 《民法典》涉行政条款的性质和司法适用方式;《民法典》与行政法的协调与对接;行政审判对《民法典》的贯彻实施等。
13. Research on issues of thoroughly advancing the separation of trial and enforcement in the new situation
Research Focus: 审执分离的理论基础与总体设计;比较法视野下审执关系安排的模式选择与优劣比较;全国各地法院探索审执分离的经验总结;如何实现“立案兼顾审执、审理兼顾执行、加强审执衔接”目标;执行命令权、执行实施权与执行裁判权的界分与协作;单设执行裁判机构的可行性论证与制度设计等。
14. Research on judicial policies for the protection of minors
Research Focus: 未成年人保护的办案理念;特殊优先保护政策的落实;宽容但不纵容精神的具体体现;未成年人犯罪证据审查运用规则研究;对未成年人延伸帮扶、教育工作的具体开展等。
15. Research on judicial services and safeguards for the development of the data economy
Research Focus: 数字经济发展面临的法律问题与挑战;数字产业化与产业数字化对司法的现实需求;数据产权司法保护规则的完善;与数字经济发展相适应的司法规则构建;重要领域数据资源、重要网络和信息系统安全司法保障;数字经济与数字正义等。
16. Research on issues on the people's courts' provision of judicial services and safeguards for promoting innovation and development of science.
Research Focus: 人民法院发挥司法服务与保障职能、推动科技创新发展的重要意义、制度优势、经验做法与取得成效;当前人民法院在推动科技创新发展方面存在的困难与问题;新形势下人民法院服务与保障科技创新发展的理念、方法与路径等。
17. Research on the institutionalization of addressing conflicts and disputes at their source
Research Focus: 人民法院参与社会治理法治化的职能定位;人民法院加强两个“一站式”建设取得的经验和面临的问题;人民法院推进矛盾纠纷源头治理的常态化机制建设等。
18. Research on the function of people's courts in strengthening and innovating social governance at the basic levels
Research Focus: 新时代人民法庭在基层社会治理新格局中的职能定位;人民法庭参与加强和创新基层社会治理的途径、方法和措施等。
19. Research on a tiered mechanism for trial of facts and law
Research Focus: 结合四级法院审级职能定位改革,厘清事实审和法律审历史沿革、概念界定、审级功能;我国上诉审制度的机制弊端和面临的现实问题;事实审和法律审审级分级的必要性和可行性;法律审的审级机关、审查范围以及约束力;事实审和法律审分级与再审机制、法律统一适用机制的配套衔接等。
20. Research on the mechanisms for the cultivation of incoming judges
Research Focus: 建立法官助理分层培养机制的重要意义;现阶段初任法官培养的主要做法和存在的不足;比较分析预备法官制度等初任法官培养的做法;建立和完善我国初任法官养成机制的路径等。
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