Liaoning Province Social Credit Regulations

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(2021年11月26日辽宁省第十三届人民代表大会常务委员会第三十次会议通过)

Chapter I: General Provisions

Article 1: These Regulations are drafted on the bases of relevant laws, administrative regulations, and state provisions, and in consideration of actual conditions in the province, so as to regulate social credit management, to safeguard credit subjects' lawful rights and interests, and to advance the establishment of the social credit system.

Article 2: These Regulations apply to activities in this province's administrative region such as the management of Social Credit Information, credit regulation, protection of credit subject's rights and interests, development of credit services, and the establishment of a credit ecology.

Article 3: Social credit as used in these regulations refers to natural persons', legal persons', and unincorporated organizations' (hereinafter 'credit subjects') status of following the principle of creditworthiness, obeying legally-prescribed obligations, and performance of contractual obligations in social and economic activities.

Social Credit Information refers to objective data and materials that can be used to identify, analyze, and assess the state of Credit Subjects’ compliance with law and performance on agreements, including Public Credit Information and Market Credit Information.

Public Credit Information refers to records that reflect credit subjects' public credit status that are produced or acquired by administrative organs, judicial organs, as well as organizations authorized by laws or regulations to have public affairs management duties in the performance of their duties.

Market Credit Information refers to records that reflect credit subjects' market credit status that are produced or acquired by credit service establishments, industry associations, chambers of commerce, and other Market Credit Information collecting units in the course of production, business, or industry discipline and management activities.

Article 4: Efforts to establish social credit shall adhere to the principles of Party committee leadership, the government being in charge, governing together with society, information sharing, and combining rewards and punishments.

Article 5: Provinces, municipalities, and counties (hereinafter also including county-level cities and regions) shall establish joint meeting mechanisms for the establishment of social credit, planning the advancement of efforts to establish social credit in the corresponding administrative region. The joint meeting for the establishment of social credit is to perform the following duties in accordance with law:

(1) Organize the implementation of the decision making arrangements and allocations for establishing the social credit system;

(2) Advancing reform and innovation in the field of credit establishment, guiding the resolution of prominent issues;

(3) Improving and strengthening joint disciplinary action mechanisms;

(4) Strengthening the establishment of credit in government affairs, justice, and other key fields;

(5) Increasing the level of integrated construction of credit information platforms;

(6) Researching and making decisions on other major matters in the establishment of the social credit system.

Article 6: Provinces, municipalities, and counties shall determine the departments in charge of social credit, to take on routine efforts in establishing the social credit system and perform the following duties in accordance with law:

(1) formulating and organizing the implementation of plans for the establishment of the social credit system, and annual plans;

(2) Organizing the formulation of social credit management systems, standards, and specifications;

(3) Organizing the implementation of joint incentives for trustworthiness and joint disciplinary action measures for trustworthiness;

(4) Overseeing and evaluating relevant departments' and units' advancement of the establishment of the social credit system;

(5) Guiding and coordinating relevant departments, units, and industries to carry out credit establishment and promote the implementation of credit management by enterprises and public institutions.

(6) Advancing the establishment of the Public Credit Information system, and strengthening the management of credit information collection, publication, and use.

(7) Cultivating the development of credit services, lawfully carrying out registration and management of credit service establishments and promoting stronger guidance and oversight of credit service establishments and their employees;

(8) Organizing and coordinating publicity on creditworthiness, credit education, credit management, and training for service personnel;

(9) Other duties on the management of social credit as provided for by laws, regulations, or rules.

Article 7: Relevant departments and units shall strengthen credit management in their respective industries or fields, lawfully performing the following duties;

(1) Implement the tasks for the establishment of social credit given by the joint conference for the establishment of social credit and the departments in charge of social credit, and actively accept oversight;

(2) Formulate credit management systems for industries and fields;

(3) Record, aggregate, share, and disclose Public Credit Information;

(4) Determine credit subjects' credit stauses;

(5) Implement hierarchical and categorical management of credit subjects;

(6) Implement incentive measures for the trustworthy and punishment measures for the untrustworthy;

(7) Address objections and credit restoration;

(8) Other duties on the management of social credit as provided for by laws, regulations, or rules.

Chapter II: Credit information Management

Article 8: Activities such as the aggregation, collection, disclosure, and use of Social Credit Information shall comply with the principles of legality, objectivity, relevance, equity, and prudence; shall ensure information security, and must not leak state secrets endangering national security nor violate commercial secrecy, personal privacy.

Article 9: The units of provincial, municipality, and county people's governments responsible for Public Credit Information efforts (hereinafter Public Credit Information Work Bodies) are specifically to take on efforts related to Public Credit Information aggregation, sharing, and application services; and for the establishment and operation of credit information sharing platforms and credit websites within that administrative region. with the operational guidance of the departments in charge of social credit.

Article 10: A cataloged management system is to be implemented for Public Credit Information. Public Credit Information catalogs include the National Basic Catalog of Public Credit Information and the supplemental catalog of Public Credit Information applicable to that provincial administrative region.

In conjunction with relevant departments and units, the provincial departments in charge of social credit may draft supplemental Public Credit Information catalogs with reference to the National Basic Catalog of Public Credit Information and in consideration of local conditions, and release them to the public after having them confirmed by the province's joint conference for the establishment of the social credit system, and update them at appropriate times based on updates to the National Basic Catalog and as needed for work. Whether Public Credit Information is public or shared and the scope, as well as the time periods for its display and retention, shall be made clear in the supplemental catalogs.

Article 11: Supplemental directories of Public Credit Information are to include the following information:

(1) Registration information that objectively reflects the Credit Subjects' basic circumstances in public administration and services;

(2) Information from credit pledges made when receiving public administration and services, as well as information on the performance on those pledges.

(3) Information on the receipt of commendations and rewards as well as participation in charitable activities and good samaritanship;

(4) Information that reflects credit subjects' credit status in effective judicial ruling and judgment documents, arbitration documents, and administrative decision documents such as for administrative punishments and administrative rulings;

(5) Information on the refusal to perform obligations set forth in effective legal documents;

(6) Information on the refusal to pay taxes, social insurance fees, housing providence funds, administrative fees, government funds;

(7) Information on violating laws and regulations by providing fake materials, by concealing the truth of matters, and by other deceptive or misleading acts;

(8) Other information provided for in other laws, regulations, or state provisions.

Article 12: Relevant departments and units shall record and retain Public Credit Information in accordance with the requirements of the National Basic Catalog of Public Credit Information and supplemental Public Credit Information catalogs, as well as related standards and specifications, to promptly and completely provide Public Credit Information to the Public Credit Information work bodies, and update it in realtime.

Article 13: Credit service establishments, industry associations, chambers of commerce, and other Market Credit Information collecting units, may lawfully record Market Credit Information they produced themselves during operations, or the Market Credit Information of members, member businesses, and so forth, that they need for service or management work.

The Market Credit Information collecting units are encouraged to provide Market Credit Information to the credit information sharing platforms in accordance in accordance with agreements and have responsibility for the lawfulness, veracity, and accuracy of the information they provide. Credit subjects are encouraged to provide Market Credit Information to the credit information sharing platforms in accordance with law and agreements through methods such as declarations, voluntary reporting, credit pledges, and signing sharing agreements.

Article 14: Where collecting Market Credit Information that involves personal information, it shall be with the consent of the credit subject and the credit subject shall be notified of the content collected, the method of collection, the use of the information, and the rights and interests enjoyed by the credit subject and the obligations they shall bear. Except for information that shall be disclosed in accordance with laws and administrative regulations.

Article 15: The departments in charge of social credit shall collaborate with relevant departments and units to strengthen the establishment of credit information sharing platforms, improving measures such as ensuring security management for credit information platform data, technology, and applications, and highlighting the service functions of the credit information platforms in urban management and services for the people, and other fields.

Article 16: The Public Credit Information work bodies shall interconnect the credit information sharing platforms with information systems such as the unified government services platform, the enterprise credit information display system, and the Basic Financial Credit Information Databases, share credit subjects' Public Credit Information with relevant departments and units operations systems as necessary, providing it for application in the course of credit regulation and so forth, supporting the formation of coordinated mechanisms for credit regulation that are synchronized, and have uniform measures and standards.

Article 17: The departments in charge of social credit are to employ the three methods of disclosure, inquiries, and government affairs sharing to release Public Credit Information free of charge through channels such as credit websites.

The disclosure, querying, and sharing of Market Credit Information may be through disclosure in accordance with law and agreements, proactive disclosure by the credit subject, or other methods.

Chapter III: Credit Regulation

Article 18: In conjunction with relevant departments and units, the departments in charge of social credit shall establish new forms of credit-based regulation mechanisms that permeate credit subjects' entire life cycle and connect ex-ante, ex-post, and concurrent regulation, to increase the capacity and level of regulation.

In conjunction with relevant departments and units, the departments in charge of social credit shall establish and complete mechanisms for rewarding honesty and punishing dishonesty, and carry out the rewards and punishments based on credit subjects' credit status.

Article 19: The relevant departments and units shall promote the credit pledge system in accordance with relevant state provisions, and include credit subjects' credit pledges and their performance on them in credit records.

Market entities are encouraged to proactively make public credit pledges to the public, and the credit pledges are to be entered into the market entities' credit records, and societal oversight is to be accepted.

Article 20: The departments in charge of social credit can carry out comprehensive assessments of market entities' public credit on the basis of relevant provisions. Relevant departments and units may establish credit assessment systems for the corresponding industry or field, and carry out industry credit assessments of regulatory subjects.

The outcomes of comprehensive public credit assessments and industry credit assessments are to be the basis for carrying out hierarchical and categorical management, and may be provided as a reference for use by financial institutions, industry associations, and chambers of commerce.

Relevant departments and units shall establish and complete systems for hierarchical and categorical credit management in the corresponding systems and industries, determining the proportion and frequency of routine and special inspections based on credit staus, and carrying out differentiated regulation.

Article 21: As needed for the performance of duties, the relevant departments and units shall make inquiries into Public Credit Information in the following matters and use credit services:

(1) Implementing administrative permits, administrative inspections, oversight spot checks, and administrative punishments;

(2) Government purchases, tendering and bidding, financial and project support, transfer of usage rights for state-owned land, management of scientific research, and so on;

(3) management of registration documents, settlement, or acceptance of resident identity card in different places, and border management;

(4) Recruiting state employees, making appointments to posts, or giving promotions;

(5) Reviews of credentials to be candidates for people's congress delegates or political consultative conferences members;

(6) giving commendations and awards;

(7) other routine management work.

Article 22: Relevant departments and units may employ the following reward measures for credit subjects with positive credit within the scope of their authority:

(1) Implementing green channels, permissive acceptance, and other conveniences in administrative management and public services;

(2) Give preferential consideration in public financing and project support based on the actual circumstances;

(3) Employing measures such as giving extra points to creditworthy in accordance with laws and agreements in transactions involving public resources;

(4) Giving key support and priority facilitation is to be given to creditworthy individuals in education, employment, entrepreneurship, social security, and other areas;

(5) Conducting publicity or promotions on credit websites or related media;

(6) other incentive measures provided for by laws, regulations, and state provisions.

Article 23: Relevant departments and units shall check Public Credit Information records to identify credit subjects' untrustworthy behavior.

Designations of untrustworthy conduct must have one of the following legally effective documents as their basis.

(1) Effective ruling or judgment documents, or arbitration documents;

(2) Administrative decision documents such as for administrative punishments, administrative compulsion, or administrative rulings;

(3) Other relevant documents that laws, regulations, or the state provide may be the basis for a finding of untrustworthy conduct.

Article 24: While enforcing the National Basic List of Punishments for Untrustworthiness, and as needed for social governance, market regulation, and public services, the relevant provincial departments and units may formulate and apply a list of supplemental punishments for untrustworthiness on the basis of local provincial regulations that is to be applicable in this administrative region, and update it at appropriate times based on updates to the National Basic List of Punishments and as needed for work.

When drafting or updating the list of supplemental punishment measures for untrustworthiness, they shall indicate the target of the punishments, the method of implementation, the implementing entity, and other such content; and disclose them for public comments after reporting for approval from the provincial joint conference on the establishment of the social credit system, and release them publicly.

Article 25: The employment of penalty measures against untrustworthy entities shall be connected to the untrustworthy entity's untrustworthy conduct; correspond to the character, circumstances, and degree of the social impact of the untrustworthy conduct; and the punishment measures of an appropriate severity are to be employed from the list of punitive measures for untrustworthiness. It is prohibited to add punishment measures beyond those provided by laws, regulations, and state provisions, or to increase the severity of punishments.

Article 26: Relevant departments and units may employ the following punitive measures against untrustworthy units within the scope of their legally-prescribed authority:

(1) Restrict enjoyment of related facilitation measures such as the notice and pledge system, and permissive acceptance in administrative management and public services;

(2) Give corresponding restrictions in the allocation of public funds and in giving credit;

(3) Measures such as giving credit level demotions in exchanges of public resources;

(4) Restrictions on receiving honors and titles;

(5) Raise the ratio of guarantee deposit when participating in government bidding or private-public partnership construction projects;

(6) other punishment measures provided for by laws, regulations, and state provisions.

Article 27: In conjunction with relevant departments and units, the provincial departments in charge of social credit shall implement the system of listing seriously untrustworthy entities. Designation standards for lists of seriously untrustworthy entities are to enforce laws, administrative regulations, or national provisions.

In conjunction with the relevant departments and units, the provincial department in charge of social credit may establish a system of listing seriously untrustworthy entities to be implemented in the administrative region of this province, and indicate the designation standards, and removal requirements, procedures, and remedial measures.

Article 28: Fields establishing lists of seriously untrustworthy shall have a basis in laws, regulations, or relevant state provisions, and must not add to or expand them on their own.

Entities responsible for serious illegal untrustworthiness in the following fields shall be included in the list of seriously untrustworthy entities, and joint disciplinary action is to be taken against them in accordance with law:

(1) Seriously endangering the public's physical health or security in their lives, in areas such as food and drug safety, ecology and environment, project quality, production safety, fire safety and mandatory product certification;

(2) Seriously disrupting the order of fair market competition or the social order such as by malicious debt evasion, malicious delay in payment of debts or for services, malicious delay in paying wages, illegal fund-raising, contract fraud, pyramid sales, operating a business without a license, production or sale of fake or shoddy goods, intentional infringement of intellectual property rights, leasing or lending bidding qualifications, collusive bidding, false advertising, infringing the lawful rights and interests of consumers or securities investors, seriously undermining the order of cyberspace transmissions, and assembling to disrupt social order;

(3) After judicial or administrative organs make a judgment or ruling, refusing to perform on it despite being able to, evading the enforcement of legally prescribed obligations and seriously impact the credibility of the judicial or administrative organ;

(4) Refusing or evading military service or refusing to perform national defense obligations endangering national defense interests;

(5) Untrustworthy government affairs conduct, justice sector conduct, or market entity conduct indicated in the Liaoning Province Provisions on Punishment of Seriously Untrustworthy Conduct.

(6) Other serious untrustworthy conduct as provided for in other laws, regulations, or state provisions.

Article 29: Where legal persons or unincorporated organizations are entered onto the list of seriously untrustworthy entities implemented in the administrative region of this province, punishments shall be employed against their legal representatives, actual controllers, principal responsible person, and other directly responsible personnel in accordance with law.

Article 30: Where the punishment measures employed against credit subjects lawfully entered on the list of seriously untrustworthy entities have a clear time limit, their implementation is to stop on the day that period is complete; but where there is no clear time period, implementation is to stop on the day that the credit subject is removed from the list. When the period for retaining information on untrustworthiness is completed or credit restoration is completed, the punishment measures for untrustworthiness are no longer to be implemented.

Article 31: The untrustworthy conduct of minors that was brought on by force majeure such as natural disasters or disease and slight untrustworthy conduct lacking subjective intent shall be leniently and cautiously designated, recorded, and punished.

Article 32: Based on Credit Subjects' credit status, market entities are encouraged to give beneficial facilitation, increased trade opportunities, and other reductions of transaction costs for trustworthy entities; and to cancel benefits, increase guarantee deposits, and otherwise increase transaction costs for untrustworthy entities.

Financial institutions are encouraged to provide benefits and facilitation in accordance with relevant state provisions in areas such as credit financing, interest rates, methods for repaying debt to trustworthy entities; and to use risk pricing models to increase interest rates on loans and property insurance rates for untrustworthy entities in accordance with relevant state provisions or limit the provision of services such as loans, sponsorship, underwriting, or insurance to them.

Article 33: Credit service establishments, industry associations, chambers of commerce, and other organizations are encouraged to cooperate with lawfully established credit service establishments to carry out credit grading and assessments, and adopt reward measures for trustworthy entities such as raising the rank of members based on their charters; and adopt punitive measures such as industry warnings, circulation of criticism in the industry, public censure, canceling membership credentials, for untrustworthy entities.

Chapter IV: Protection of Credit Subjects' Rights and Interests

Article 34: The departments in charge of social credit, together with relevant departments and units, shall establish and complete systems for the protection of credit subjects' rights and interests, improve mechanisms for handling objections to social credit, credit restoration, and accountability, and strictly protect credit subjects' lawful rights and interests.

Article 35: Credit Subjects have the right to know about conditions such as the aggregation, collection, and use of their Social Credit Information, as well as the sources of information contained in their credit reports, and the reasons for any changes.

Market Credit Information collecting units must not tie the collection of natural persons' Social Credit Information to other services, or coerce or indirectly coerce credit subject's acceptance.

Market Credit Information collecting units shall establish and complete mechanisms for handling objections to Market Credit Information, and publicly disclose them.

Article 36: Where Credit Subjects find that there are errors, omissions, or violations of commercial secrets, personal privacy or other lawful rights and interests during processes such as the aggregation, collection, disclosure, or use of Social Credit Information, they may submit an objection request to the Public Credit Information work bodies or Market Credit Information collecting units.

Article 37: After Public Credit Information working bodies accept objection requests, they shall review them within three working days. Where errors are caused by the Public Credit Information work bodies, they shall immediately correct it and notify the applicant of the results within 2 working days; where the information objected to was not caused by the Public Credit Information work bodies, they shall notify the relevant departments and units to verify it and those relevant departments or units shall give feedback within working days of receiving the notice for verification, and the Public Credit Information work bodies shall notify the applicant of the results of the verification within 2 workdays of receiving the feedback; where the applicant still has objections, the Public Credit Information work bodies are to transfer it for handling to the relevant departments and units.

Where credit subjects submit objections, the Public Credit Information work bodies shall add an objection label. Information that cannot be verified as true shall be promptly deleted and a record made of the reason for the deletion. Where the handling of objections requires inspections, testings, quarantine, evaluations, or expert review, the time required shall not be included in the time limits for processing objection applications.

Article 38: Before the relevant departments and units decide to enter credit subjects in the list of seriously untrustworthy entities, they shall notify the credit subject of the grounds and basis for the punishment measures to be applied after the credit subjects' entry, as well as remedial measures and requirements for lifting the punitive measures, and the credit subjects have the right to make a statement or defense.

Article 39: Where untrustworthy entities correct their untrustworthy conduct and eliminate negative impact within the time provided, they may carry out credit restoration by making credit pledges related to the untrustworthy conduct, completing credit corrections, through credit verification, accepting special training, submitting credit reports, participating in public interest charitable activities, and other such methods.

Credit information sharing platforms and credit websites shall indicate designated personnel responsible for credit restoration efforts and are to complete handling of eligible applications for credit restoration within the time limit. and must not collect fees in any form from untrustworthy entities applying for credit restoration. After restoration is complete, the departments in charge of social credit and Public Credit Information work bodies shall promptly stope disclosures in accordance with procedures and conclude the implementation of punishment measures.

In conjunction with the provincial departments in charge of social credit, the relevant departments and units shall draft specific measures on credit restoration for the corresponding industry or field based on the state specifications for credit restoration, and release them to the public.

Relevant departments and units shall support bankrupt or restructuring enterprises in carrying out credit restoration such as in taxation and financing in accordance with laws, regulations, and relevant state provisions, and promptly conclude punishments for untrustworthiness to ensure the normal business of restructured enterprises.

Chapter V: Development of the Credit Services Industry

Article 40: The provincial, municipal, and county people's governments shall draft policies and measures for promoting the development of the credit services industry, encourage social capital to enter the credit services market, and support and regulate the development of the credit services industry.

Article 41: Relevant departments and units are encouraged to carry our cooperation with Market Credit Information collecting units in the aggregation, collection, sharing, big data analysis, early risk alert, verification of examples of untrustworthiness, tracing untrustworthy conduct, and other areas.

Market Credit Information collecting units are encouraged to use big data, cloud computing, blockchain, artificial intelligence, and other technologies to provide diverse and regular credit services to government departments, market entities, social organizations, and individuals in accordance with laws and regulations.

The departments in charge of social credit shall orderly expand the openness of Public Credit Information, and optimize the development of the credit services industry.

Article 42: The development of theoretical research and academic exchanges on credit is encouraged to bring in high-quality credit services personnel.

Schools of higher learning, scientific research establishments, and enterprises are encouraged to carry out credit management services, promoting the deep integration of the cultivation of talent, technological innovation, and industry development.

Article 43: Credit service establishments shall establish compliance operational systems, establish and complete systems of specifications such as for information security and protecting commercial secrets and personal privacy, and carry out operations independently in accordance with law.

Credit service establishments' use and processing of credit information and provision of credit products shall follow the principles of legality, objectivity, equity, and prudence, complying with the state and province's specifications for the credit service industry, and must not get business through methods such as false publicity or promising assessment ranks, and must not make false assessments of credit subjects' credit statuses.

Article 44: Credit service industry organizations shall strengthen industry self-discipline and management, draft industry standards; compile industry development reports, developing publicity and training, submit policy recommendations, and publishing industry information.

Chapter VI: The establishment of a credit ecology

Article 45: All levels of state organ and relevant units shall advance government affairs, commercial, social creditworthiness, and judicial credibility, in the establishment of the social credit system, advocating the Core Socialist Values, and increasing the entire society's consciousness of creditworthiness and credit levels.

Relevant departments and units shall organize and carry out education on social mores, professional ethics, family values, and personal ethics, selecting exemplars of creditworthiness, and advocating the traditional culture and of honesty and truthfulness and the spirit of contract.

Article 46: The provincial, municipal, and county people's governments shall include the establishment of the social credit system in the citizen's economic and social development plan, strengthening the establishment of creditworthiness in government affairs, establishing and improving a system for assessing creditworthiness in government affairs, and oversight evaluation of government trustworthiness and performance on promises, and credit reward and punishment mechanisms, to increase the level of creditworthiness in government affairs.

Provincial, municipal, and county people's governments shall perform on policy pledges made to market entities in accordance with law, and all types of lawfully concluded contracts; and they must not breach contracts on the grounds of an adjustment of administrative divisions, change of government, adjustment of institutions or functions, or replacement of relevant responsible persons. Where it is necessary to change policy pledges or contracts and agreements for the national interest or societal public interest, it shall be done in accordance with legally-prescribed authority and procedures, and the market entities suffering losses as a result are to be compensated in accordance with law.

Article 47: Judicial organs shall strengthen the establishment of judicial credibility, strengthen internal oversight, improve restraining mechanisms, advance judicial openness, and preserve social fairness and justice.

Article 48: Provinces, municipalities, and counties shall make personal credit status a reference basis in recruitment, appointments, and promotions of state employees.

Provincial, municipal, and county people's governments and judicial organs shall establish systems for pursuing responsibility for untrustworthiness in government affairs or in the justice sector. Where illegal or untrustworthy conduct occurs during the performance of duties, and one is pursued for responsibility in accordance with law, the relevant information is to be included in records of untrustworthiness.

Article 49: Market entities shall follow the industry credit rules and professional ethics norms in production, business, finance management, and other activities, to increase capacity for credit management and prevent credit risks.

Article 50: All types of school shall carry out education for students on creditworthiness, and make honesty and truthfulness an important part of student character education.

Periodicals, radio, television, the networks, and other news media should publicize examples of honesty and trustworthiness, lawfully reporting and disclosing all types of untrustworthy conduct, and adding content on honesty and trustworthiness in public interest advertising.

Chapter VII: Legal Responsibility

Article 51: Where relevant departments and units fail to provide Public Credit Information in accordance with these regulations, higher-level departments or the departments in charge of social credit are to speak with them in accordance with their authority, and based on the severity of the situation order corrections, give warnings, or circulate criticism.

Article 52: Where relevant departments or units and their staffs commit any of the following acts, an organ with authority is to order corrections and the directly responsible managers and other directly responsible personnel are to be punished according to law; and where a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility is to be pursued in accordance with law

(1) failure to make inquiries into Public Credit Information during routine regulation or to use credit services as provided;

(2) failure to follow provisions to address and give feedback on objections to information;

(3) Failure to follow provisions to employ punishment measures against credit subjects;

(4) Adding punishment measures beyond those provided by laws, regulations, and state provisions, or to increase the severity of punishments;

(5) Failure to follow provisions in including credit subjects in lists of seriously untrustworthy entities or increasing or expanding the lists without authorization;

(6) failure to perform duties to handle objections or restore credit as provided;

(7) Other conduct abusing authority, dereliction of duties, or improper conduct for personal gain.

Article 53: Where Market Credit Information collecting units and their staff violate these Regulations through any of the following conduct, the departments in charge of social credit or the department designated by laws or regulations are to order corrections and fine units between 50,000 and 500,000 RMB; the directly responsible managers and other directly responsible personnel are to be fined between 10,000 and 100,000; and where there are unlawful gains they are to be confiscated.

(1) Collecting Market Credit Information that involves personal information without the credit subjects' consent;

(2) Accepting business through methods such as false publicity or making pledges on ratings or appraisals, or conducting fake assessments and grading of credit subjects.

(3) failing to follow provisions to conduct verifications and handle information that is objected to;

(4) Other conduct infringing on the lawful rights and interests of credit subjects.

Chapter VIII: Supplementary Provisions

Article 54: The oversight and management of the credit reporting industry is to be carried out in accordance with the State Council Regulations on the Management of the Credit Reporting Industry and other related laws, administrative regulations, and relevant state provisions.

Article 55: These Regulations are to take force on January 1, 2022. The Liaoning Provincial Regulations on the Management of Public Credit Information passed on November 28, 2019 by 14th session of the Standing Committee of the 13th people's congress of Liaoning Province are to be simultaneously abolished.

 

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