China's Action Plan Against Human Trafficking (2021-2030)

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索 引 号:000014349/2021-00035    
Subject Category:公安、安全、司法\公安
Issuing Organ:General Office of the State Council 
Document date:April 9, 2021
Release Number:GuoBanFa〔2021〕No.13
Release date:April 28, 2021

People’s governments of provinces, autonomous regions, and cities directly under the jurisdiction of central government, and all State Council ministries and commissions and directly managed agencies:

"China's Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking (2021-2030)" has already been approved by the State Council, and is hereby issued to you. Please implement it in earnest.

General Office of the State Council

April 9, 2021

(for public release)

 

"China's Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking (2021-2030)" (hereafter referred to as "Action Plan") is drafted on the basis of relevant international conventions and PRC domestic laws in order to actively respond to the serious situation of human trafficking crimes at home and abroad, effectively prevent and combat human trafficking crimes in accordance with the law, actively assist and properly resettle trafficked victims, promote the physical and psychological recovery of trafficked victims and return them to their families and society, and earnestly safeguard citizens' legitimate rights and interests.

I. Guiding Ideology and Overall Goals

(1) Guiding Thought.

With Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as guidance, persist in the work directives of "being people-centered, comprehensive governance, emphasizing prevention, and combining prevention with the struggle' and form a work structure in which the Party committee guidance, government responsibility, joint action by departments, social coordination, citizen participation, legal safeguards, and technical support, to continuously advance the state governance system and the modernization of governance capacity, improving systems, completing mechanisms, implementing responsibility, integrating resources, addressing symptoms and causes, effectively preventing and punishing trafficking crimes, to truly safeguard citizens' basic rights, and social harmony and stability as well as national security, and present the image of a responsible power.

(2) Overall Goals

Adhere to and improve long-term and effective mechanisms for countering human trafficking that integrate prevention, enforcement, aid, placement, and rehabilitation; complete mechanisms for coordination, cooperation, and ensuring efforts to combat trafficking; advance work models for a legal, coordinated, technological, and whole of society struggle against trafficking; continuously increase the level to which the struggle is brought under law, coordinated, applies technology, and involves civil society, to form an overall structure for combatting trafficking that matches the social development. Clean the online cyberspace ecology and effectively guard against and combat the use of networks in trafficking and other new forms of crime. Refine and implement every action measure, effectively prevent and resolutely combat trafficking crimes, ensure that trafficked persons promptly receive aid and rehabilitation and appropriate placements, and assist victims of trafficking in successfully returning to their families and re-entering society.

II. Operational Measures and Division of Responsibilities

(1) Complete crime prevention mechanisms.

1. Work objectives.

Strengthen governance at the source, improving the socially-based prevention network for human trafficking crimes and carrying out grid management to build a group prevention and corrections system that coordinates multiple departments and in which society broadly participates. Comprehensively punish human trafficking activities in key areas and "buyer's markets" and strictly combat the use of networks to carry out human trafficking, to effectively prevent the occurrences of human trafficking

2. Action measures.

(1) Deepen interdepartmental joint action, implementing connectivity of information and work, comprehensively using big data, artificial intelligence, and other modern technological methods as well as traditional methods such as home visits and mass work, to continuously improve work mechanisms for the discovery and reporting of trafficking crimes. (Central Political-legal Committee and Ministry of Public Security are responsible with the Cybersecurity Administration, Ministry of Industry and Information, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Justice, State Health Commission, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(2) Strengthen analysis and assessment of trends in the national human trafficking situation, adjusting thinking and strategy on prevention at appropriate times. Improve efforts to prevent trafficking crimes in key industries, venues, and regions for trafficking activities, and among key populations. Highlight the "place" and "face" impacts of crime prevention work. (The Central Political-legal Committee is responsible with the Cyberspace Administration, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Public Security, Health Commission, State Council Working Committees on Children and Women, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

--Strengthen management of the human resource market, regulating labor demand, employer recruitment, and occupational intermediary activities, and promoting occupation intermediary bodies, employers, labor dispatch units and contracting units to carry out efforts to give training and education on trafficking, and to prevent it. Clear channels for investigating reports and complaints regarding labor safeguards, strengthen investigations and law enforcement on labor safeguards, improve mechanisms for coordinated joint action, clean up illegal occupational intermediary markets, and strictly combat illegal acts of using child labor. Strengthen the force of investigation and handling of illegal conduct such as the illegal use of persons with mental disabilities, intellectual disabilities, or foreigners who do not have residence permits for labor. Complete risk control and prevention mechanisms for trafficking crimes in the human resources marketplace, and carry out targeted efforts to prevent trafficking crimes in the human resources marketplace. (The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Public Security, and China Disabled Persons' Federation are responsible, with the State Administration for Market Regulation, All-China Federation of Labor Unions, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Strengthen the management and administration of public security and of entertainment and leisure business venues; improve systems for entertainment industry worker registries, business logs, and inspections; resolutely shut down escort business in accordance with law, strictly combat violations and crimes such as prostitution and solicitation, improve work mechanisms for providing education and support, and assistive placements, to women or minors who have been trafficked. (The Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Culture and Tourism are responsible with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Health Commission, State Administration for Market Regulation, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Strengthen regulation in cyberspace and law enforcement inspections, urge network service providers to perform primary responsibility for the management of online products, services, and information content. Oversee all types of online platforms in improving mechanisms for active screening, identification, filtering, and reporting of negative and illegal information content, strictly implementing the real-name management system for social media accounts. Strictly combat the use of networks to produce, reproduce, publish, sell, or transmit obscene content or to carry out illegal and criminal conduct such as sexual harassment or sexual assault of minors. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Cyberspace Administration, the Ministry of Industry and Information, and the State Administration for Market Regulation cooperating)

-- Strengthen the management of kindergartens, schools, and other education and teaching establishments, carry out education on personal safety and combatting trafficking, spread knowledge about legal and policy measures against trafficking, and increase the vigilance of teachers and students against trafficking and their awareness of personal safety, mastering methods of responding to and seeking help against trafficking. Put up publicity posters about trafficking in conspicuous locations on and off campus. Strengthen the placement of police rooms or guard posts at the entrances or area surrounding kindergartens, schools, and other education and teaching establishments, and watch systems for campuses. (Ministry of Education and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Supreme People's Procuratorate and Communist Youth League Central Committee cooperating)_

-- Expand the force of comprehensive corrections in key areas for trafficking crimes. Higher-level governments and relevant departments shall strengthen leadership, guidance, and oversight of lower-level governments and their relevant departments in efforts to prevent trafficking. Basic-level governments and villager (resident) committees shall include assistance for populations vulnerable to trafficking and the prevention of trafficking as key work in basic-level social governance, overseeing parents or other guardians in their performance of guardianship duties towards their minor children. Implement government care and protection for special populations such as left-behind children and impoverished children and bear guardianship in accordance with law. (Central Political-legal Committee and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible with the Ministry of Public Security, State Council Working Committees on Children and Women, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Strengthen basic level organization functions to complete basic-level efforts to prevent trafficking crimes Strengthen interdepartmental coordination and information connectivity, establish and complete systems for promptly discovering leads on related violations and crimes and for circulating information. (Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible)

-- Implement the strategy for urban revitalization, consolidating and expanding successes in poverty alleviation. Develop and expand rural production to create conditions for helping more rural laborers find employment nearby. Increase the force of support for women in poverty alleviation areas, increasing the capacity of women and low-income rural populations for employment and entrepreneurship, and continuously expand channels for rural citizens to increase their income. (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs is responsible, with the National Development and Reform Commission, State Ethnic Affairs Commission, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, State Bureau for Rural Revitalization, and All-china Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Safeguard to rights of school-aged children and youths to receive an education, oversee parents or other guardians in ensuring that school-aged minors enroll in school on schedule and progress steadily, and employ effective measures to prevent students from dropping out during the compulsory education phase. Include combating trafficking as an important part of school management, clarifying that when the staff of kindergartens, schools, and other such units discover potential situations of trafficking, they shall promptly report it and stop it, and students and their parents or other guardians are encouraged to report potential situations of trafficking to the schools or public security organs. (Ministry of Education and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Civil Affairs, and China Committee for the Next Generation cooperating)

--Make full use of aid management bodies, children's aid and protection institutions, and child welfare establishments to complete aid placements for homeless minors and abandoned infants, implement duties of child supervisors and responsibility for directors of child work, improve supports to cultivate and develop social organizations through government procurement, bringing in social workers and other professionals to provide services such as psychological counseling, behavioral corrections, cultural education, and skill training. Develop and use smart tactics for finding relations, deeply cooperating with relevant enterprises and social organizations, to do a good job of services to find relatives for homeless children. Strengthen aid on the streets, establishing an aid management network with full coverage, coordination, and timely services, to promptly discover and aid minors who are vagrant beggars or have been compelled to commit violations or crimes. (Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Housing and Urban and Rural Development, Health Commission, State Council State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, and Communist Youth League Central Committee cooperating)

--Improve employment support systems for key populations, promote employment and entrepreneurship for rural women who seek to travel for work, persons with disabilities, unemployed or laid-off women, female college students, and rescued women who have been trafficked; implementing each policy for promoting employment and entrepreneurship, organizing and carrying out training in practical technical and professional skills, entrepreneurship and employment. The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, and China Disabled Persons' Federation are responsible with the Ministry of Education, State Ethnic Affairs Commission, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

--Strengthen management of areas where migrant or left-behind women and children are more common, strengthen care and protection for impoverished children, and continue to care for migrant and left-behind women and children. Give full play to the role of organizations and individuals such as child supervisors, child managers, Women's Federation commissioners, women's volunteers, youth preservation units, improving the function of service platforms such as children's homes, and increasing the capacity of migrant and left-behind women and children to protect themselves and counter trafficking. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs and State Council Working Committees on Children and Women are responsible with the Ministry of Finance, State Administration for Radio and Television, Communist Youth League Central Committee, All-China Women's Federation, and China Committee for the Next Generation cooperating)

--Strengthen management of persons with illegal conduct such as long-term or repeated drug use, gambling, and prostitution, completing compulsory detoxification and follow-up aid for drug users, completing efforts to place and support persons with illegal conduct such as drug use, gambling, and prostitution, and complete guardianship and aid for the children of those serving criminal sentences or in compulsory detoxification who lack guardians, to prevent the occurrence of trafficking crimes. (Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible, with the Communist Youth League Central Committee cooperating)

-- Strengthen education and reform work on trafficking crimes, employing measures such as assisting persons who have completed criminal sentences to re-enter society, improving mechanisms for follow-up control of persons with a criminal record of trafficking, to truly prevent and reduce the occurrence of further crimes. . (The Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Public Security are responsible with the Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating)

(3) Increase the force of corrections for "buyers markets" for trafficking crimes, using modern technological methods to strengthen analysis and assessment of 'buyers' markets’, carrying out comprehensive governance and special actions in areas where the purchase of persons occurs more regularly, punishing crimes by purchasers in accordance with law, to reduce trafficking at its source. (The Central Political-legal Committee and Ministry of Public Security are responsible with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Health Commission, State Administration for Market Regulation, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Regulate Work on marriage registrations. Where personnel engaged in marriage registration work discover potential situations of trafficking, they shall promptly report and stop them. Strengthen management of marriage registrations involving foreign parties, strengthen mechanisms for sharing and joint verification of information on parties' identities and border crossings, to increase the accuracy of marriage registrations involving foreign parties, and to prevent and combat illegal acts of trafficking women. Strengthen education such as marriage and family guidance and on equality of the sexes, and parenting. (Ministry of Civil Affairs responsible, with Ministry of Public Security, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Strengthen comprehensive governance of the sex ratio of births, vigorously carrying out comprehensive governance of the skewed sex ratio of births. (The member units of the State Council Interdepartmental Conference Against Human Trafficking are responsible)

-- Strengthen management of medical establishments, networking public security organs' and medical establishments' maternity information, further making systems for recording hospital entrance and exit information for births and identify verification, strictly prohibit hospital visits and births using other people's names. Strictly combat illegal surrogacy and other illegal conduct. Villager (resident) committees are to strengthen their knowledge of pregnant women and newborns in their jurisdiction, and where potential situations of trafficking women or children are discovered shall promptly report them to the relevant departments and stop them. Strengthen management of medical birth certificates, strictly combatting violations and crimes such as the counterfeiting, alteration, or sale of birth certificates. Where medical personnel discover potential situations of trafficking women or children, they shall promptly report them to the hospital or relevant departments and stop them, and implement a mandatory reporting system for the mistreatment of minors. (National and Health Commission, Ministry of Public Security, and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible)

-- Improve systems for adopting children, strictly combatting illegal adoption, cleaning up illegal placements for adoption online and strictly prohibiting all forms of illegal adoption, strictly combatting the sale of children in the name of adoption. Advance information sharing between departments, strengthen verification of identity information for minors who are illegally taken in. Regulate procedures for adoption of minors, strengthening registration and review of adoptions. Include uncreditworthy conduct in the citizen individual social credit system, strengthen publicity on relevant laws and regulations, constrain the space for illegally taking someone in and raising them. . (The Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible, with the Cyberspace Administration, the Ministry of Industry and Information, Health Commission, and the State Administration for Market Regulation cooperating)

-- Improve village self-governance charters and village conventions on maintaining women's rights and interests and promoting the equality of the sexes, bring village community governance further under the law, adhere to the basic policy of the equality of men and women, eliminate backward ideas such as male superiority and seeking a male heir, increase the education level of girls, and create a social atmosphere of respect for females and protection of girls. Ensure that females enjoy equal rights in village land contracting, collective income distribution, distribution of land requisition or appropriation compensation, and homestead distributions. (The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Civil Affairs, and All-China Women's Federation are responsible, with the Ministry of Education and State Rural Revitalization Bureau cooperating)

(4) Improve mechanisms for efforts to prevent transnational human trafficking crimes. Strengthen departmental coordination, promote the construction of a unified entry-exit management information platform, and bring about information connectivity, data sharing, and operations collaboration between regions and departments. Strengthen inspections at ports and management of border crossings, making systems for inspecting persons crossing borders more strict, increasing the extent of inspections for foreigners illegally entering, residing, or working in the nation; strengthen oversight of the human resources market in border areas, strictly regulating cooperative business activities for foreign labor, clean up and rectify the market for international marriage matchmaking, and lawfully shut down illegal international marriage matchmaking establishments. Strengthen cooperation between governments and regional governance to prevent transnational trafficking crimes, continuously enrich multilateral and bilateral mechanisms for preventing transnational trafficking crimes with other nations and territories. . (The Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, and Ministry of Commerce are responsible, with the Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating)

(5) Strengthen the use of information technologies in the prevention of trafficking crimes, improve the "internet + Counter-trafficking" work model, and promote the use of modern technologies in efforts to prevent trafficking. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Cyberspace Administration and the Ministry of Industry and Information cooperating)

(2) Fight crime and rescue victims of trafficking.

1. Work objectives.

Maintain a high-pressure status at all times in the fight against trafficking crimes, to forcefully deter and punish trafficking crimes. Increase the use of technology in the investigation of trafficking crimes, advancing upgrades for modernization of investigative tactics. Continuously increase the capacity and level for the quick discovery and investigation of trafficking cases, combat trafficking crimes in strict accordance with law, punishing offenders, and promptly aiding the victims of trafficking.

2. Action measures.

(1) Continue to organize and carry out special actions on combatting trafficking crimes throughout the nation, further improve counter-trafficking mechanisms in which the public security organs lead the way, relevant departments assist, society cooperates, and public widely participates; establish and complete a uniform counter-trafficking network integrating both the "online" and "offline". ( The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Cyberspace Administration, Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Health Commission, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- The relevant departments and units of each level of government are to increase the force of counter-trafficking efforts, persisting in a work path in which the party gives great emphasis, leaders take control, and the departments are responsible, break down the counter-trafficking efforts for individual positions and people, to ensure that there are people to do all work and people responsible for all duties, improve mechanisms for finding and transferring leads on trafficking crimes, and earnestly strengthen funding safeguards for counter-trafficking efforts. . (The member units of the State Council Interdepartmental Conference Against Human Trafficking are responsible)

-- All levels of public security organs are to improve working mechanisms for countering trafficking, strengthening joint action between superiors and subordinates, between departments, between types of police, and between regions. Establish and complete a network for combatting trafficking online and offline, with the criminal investigation departments leading the way and relevant departments and joint policing forces cooperating, using modern technologies, periodically analyzing trends in trafficking across the nation, strengthening capacity for forecasting and early warnings, and researching improved means of combating, preventing, and controlling trafficking. (Ministry of Public Security responsible)

Strictly combat the use of networks platforms to carry out trafficking. establish and complete comprehensive governance systems for cybercrimes and violations, carry out strict management of online platforms such as for social media and chat, information publication, and service intermediaries; oversee online platforms performance of primary responsibility for managing the information ecosystem, and implement online protections for minors; children's personal information must not be illegally collected, used, or disclosed. Improve systems for online complaints and reports, periodically carry out 'clean web' actions, clean up online platforms used to publish information related to the illegal adoption, trafficking of women and children, sexually assaulting minors, and so forth, promptly discover leads on related crimes, and strictly combat the use of networks to perpetrate trafficking crimes. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Cyberspace Administration, the Ministry of Industry and Information, and the State Administration for Market Regulation cooperating)

-- Strictly implement a responsibility system for the investigation of cases of trafficked children. Carry out the '1 chief, 3 duties' responsibility system for cases of trafficked children, with the persons responsible for public security organs at the county level or above serving as the head of a special case group, fully responsible for investigating cases, aiding trafficked children, and comforting the victims' relatives. The special case group must not withdraw cases that are unsolved. (Ministry of Public Security responsible)

-- Strictly implement mechanisms for rapid location of missing children. After a report of a missing child is received, the public security organs command center is to rapidly consolidate police forces to carry out efforts to intercept and locate them, promptly capturing criminal suspects, and freeing victims. (Ministry of Public Security responsible)

-- Improve systems for publishing information on missing children, completing the establishment of the Ministry of Public Security's "Reunite" emergency information publication system for missing children, expanding channels for public reporting of leads. (Ministry of Public Security responsible)

-- Earnestly carry out efforts to trace children whose identities are unknown. Local public security organs are responsible for collecting blood samples from the parents of missing children, testing them and recording them in the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) database for combatting trafficking, and increasing communication with relevant departments, to promptly discover children whose identity is unknown or who are suspected of having been trafficked, and entering their blood tests into the pool. Where children whose identities are unknown are settled, a blood test is to be made and entered and compared with the database, as a strict requirement for the settlement of children. Strictly combat illegal fake paternity testing conducted by forensic evaluation establishments and other organizations or individuals. It is prohibited for any organization or individual other than public security organs to collect DNA data and information on trafficked children, parents, and suspected trafficked persons. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Justice, Health Commission, State Administration for Market Regulation, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Improve procedures for case investigation that fit the characteristics of trafficking crimes and that are suited to the psychology and physiology of trafficking victims. Implement 'one stop' information and aid mechanisms, increasing the quality and efficacy of evidence collection to avoid having victims of trafficking suffer a second harm. . (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Supreme People's Procuratorate cooperating)

(2i)Strictly punish human trafficking in accordance with law。

-- Clarify the applicable law and standards for handling cases of trafficking crimes, resolutely and lawfully punishing conduct aimed at enrichment such as stealing infants, snatching children or selling one's own children, trafficking children in the guise of adoption, and selling children one has taken in. Establish a uniform system of rules for the review and determination of evidence, and sentencing standards, for trafficking cases. (Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Public Security are responsible)

-- Resolutely and lawfully punish those with circumstances calling for heavier sentences, such as the leaders of trafficking groups, or those who participated multiple times, trafficked multiple people, and committed other violations and crimes while trafficking, or recidivists. (Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Public Security are responsible)

-- Resolutely and lawfully punish those who purchase victims of trafficking and use violence, threats, or assembling a crowd to obstruct employees of state institutions in aiding the victim, and who shall be pursued for criminal responsibility in accordance with law. (Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Public Security are responsible)

-- Resolutely and lawfully punish those who commit crimes such as organizing, compelling, or inducing prostitution, as well as those who produce, sell, or transmit pornographic items. Strictly punish sexual violations against minors in accordance with law. Increase the force of combatting trafficking online. Resolutely and lawfully punish crimes such as using the networks for 'distanced molestation' of children, or creating, selling, or transmitting child pornography. (The Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Cyberspace Administration, the Ministry of Industry and Information, and Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating)

-- Strictly pursue the administrative, civil, and criminal responsibility of units and individuals who buy, act as an intermediary, or compel trafficked persons to engage in sexual services, obscene performances, or forced labor. Resolutely shut down illegal employment and marriage intermediaries. Lawfully punish those who compel children or persons with disabilities to beg or engage in illegal or criminal activities, promptly locating the victims' families and escorting victims to aid and protection establishments such as aid management bodies, children's aid and protection institutions, and child welfare establishments. Improve organ donation and transplant systems, giving punishments in accordance with law to those who commit crimes such as stealing organs, tricking or compelling others to donate organs, or organizing the sale of human organs. (The Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Health Commission, Supreme People's Court, and Supreme People's Procuratorate are responsible, with the Central Political-legal Committee, Ministry of Civil Affairs, State Administration for Market Regulation, All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, All-China Women's Federation, and China Disabled Persons' Federation cooperating)

--- Give more lenient penalties in accordance with law for trafficked persons who were incited, tricked, threatened, or compelled to engage in illegal and criminal conduct. (Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Public Security are responsible)

(3) Further strengthen the establishment of information networks, improve the national DNA database for combatting trafficking, complete mechanisms for collecting and exchanging information, advance information sharing, and increase the level of information technology used in combatting trafficking. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Cybersecurity Administration, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Industry and Information, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Health Commission, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(4) Rescue trafficked children in accordance with law, and return them to their birth parents. For rescued children whose parents or other guardians cannot be located, the public security organs are to provide relevant materials to the civil affairs departments to make an appropriate placement; families that purchased the children must not continue to raise them. (Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible)

(3) Strengthen efforts to rescue, place, and rehabilitate trafficked persons and for having them reenter society.

1. Work objectives.

Strengthen efforts such as to rescue, place, and rehabilitate trafficked persons and to integrate them in families and communities, and assist them in adjusting to their new environment and lives, and in smoothly reentering society. Safeguard the lawful rights and interests of trafficked persons, and protect their privacy so that they avoid having a second harm.

2. Action measures.

(1) Further strengthen coordination and cooperation on aiding trafficked persons between regions, departments, and institutions. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs is responsible, with the Central Political-legal Committee and Ministry of Public Security cooperating)

(2) Regulate procedures for efforts on the rescue, placement, rehabilitation, and re-entry of trafficked persons, improve policies and measures on placing rescued children whose parents or other guardians cannot be identified, promote their return to their families and their healthy growth. (The Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible with the Ministry of Education, Health Commission, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(3) Improve mechanisms for the rescue, placement, and rehabilitation of trafficked persons in which multiple government departments cooperate and in which society broadly participates, increasing the level of services at aid management bodies, children's aid and protection institutions, child welfare establishments, and other such institutions. (Ministry of Civil Affairs responsible, with the Health Commission, Ministry of Public Security, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Fully use existing social welfare and other facilities to provide aid and rehabilitation service, so that trafficked persons receive aid and placements suited to their physical and psychological traits, age, and sex. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs is responsible, with the Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Education, Health Commission, and China Disabled Persons' Federation cooperating)

-- Bring professional social work services into efforts to give aid and rehabilitation to trafficked persons, encourage relevant social organizations, enterprises, public institutions, and individuals to provide funding, technical supports, and professional services for the rescue of trafficked persons. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs is responsible with the All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, All-China Women's Federation, and China Disabled Persons' Federation cooperating)

-- Assist trafficked persons with unclear identities in locating relatives, educate and urge their family or guardians to perform support (and maintenance) obligations. (Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible)

-- For trafficked persons who have remained in aid management establishments for longer than a set period of time and have still not clarified their identity information, handle household registration in accordance with law and implement relevant social security policies. (Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible)

-- Designate medical establishments to provide basic medical services and psychological counseling and treatment services for trafficked persons. The relevant establishments are to provide disability rating assessments for trafficked persons. . (The Health Commission and China Disabled Persons' Federation are responsible with the Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating

-- Increase trafficked persons' awareness of law and protecting rights through "online and offline" activities such as training and education. Legal aid institutions are to provide legal aid to eligible victims of trafficking. (The Ministry of Justice is responsible with the Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Civil Affairs, All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(4) Implement departmental responsibility and give play to the role of the community to strengthen social concern and assist victims of trafficking in smoothly reentering society.

-- Ensure that school-aged children who have been rescued enroll and re-enter school, and adjust to their new lives, help them contact schools where they need to study in a different region, bring in professional social work services to do a good job of psychological counseling and follow up visitations. . (Ministry of Education is responsible with Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating)

-- Provide appropriate employment services, such as vocational-technical training, guidance, and intermediary services for trafficked persons 16 years old or older who seek training, and help them find employment in another area. . (The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security is responsible, with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, All-China Federation of Labor Unions, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- While maintaining personal privacy, further complete efforts on the trafficked person and their families and communities, ensuring that trafficked persons who are willing to return to their former residence can smoothly reenter their families and communities. . (The Ministry of Civil Affairs is responsible, with the Communist Youth League Central Committee and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(5) Provide necessary services to trafficked persons reentering society, truly assisting them in resolving issues in employment, living, and preserving their rights. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Justice, and Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security are responsible, with the Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(6) Further strengthen efforts on the registration, management, and protection of rescued victims of trafficking, establishing and improving designated archives, following up to learn about their living situation, and actively coordinating relevant departments and organizations to resolve difficulties. . (The Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible with the All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(7) Further strengthen research into the area of physical and psychological harms to victims of trafficking to find more effective means of psychological treatment. (The Health Commission is responsible, with the Ministry of Education, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(4) Improve the system of laws, regulations and policies.

1. Work objectives.

In consideration of current trends in trafficking crimes and the work needs, adhere to the fundamental principle of countering trafficking through the rule of law, in researching, drafting, and revising relevant laws, regulations, and policies to further provide support to counter-trafficking efforts.

2. Action measures.

(1) Revise relevant laws and regulations to further complete the legal system for countering trafficking. (The Legislative affairs committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and the Ministry of Justice are responsible, with the Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

--- Improve the applicable legal system and expand the force of combatting the purchase of trafficked persons and online trafficking crimes. (The Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Justice are responsible, with the Cyberspace Administration cooperating)

——Draft a Family Education Law, clarifying the guardianship duties of minors' parents, increasing the minor children's safety awareness such as in preventing trafficking, sexual assault, or drowning, and give play to the active role of family education in the safe growth of children. (The Legislative affairs committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress is responsible, with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Justice, All-China Women's Federation, and Committee for the Next Generation cooperating)

-- Improve laws and regulations related to the rescue of trafficked persons, truly safeguarding their lawful rights and interests. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs and the Ministry of Justice are responsible, with the Legislative affairs committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the Communist Youth League Central Committee, and the All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Improve regulations related to adoption, regulating adoption procedures, making review standards more strict, strengthening review and oversight of adoption registrations, preventing the 'legalization' of trafficking through adoption. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs is responsible, with the Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Justice cooperating)

-- Research and hold hearings on the necessity and feasibility of special legislation on trafficking, and promote the inclusion of an Anti-trafficking law in the legislative plan of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. (The Legislative affairs committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress is responsible with the Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Justice cooperating)

-- Implement a child guardianship system. Implement primary responsibility for guardianship with the family, strengthen rule of law publicity and oversight and guidance of guardianship for the parents and other guardians of minors, urging them to perform guardianship duties and increasing their guardianship ability, to provide a positive family environment and family education for the healthy development of minors. Implement primary responsibility for guardianship with the family, improve litigation procedures for the revoking guardianship qualifications, to avoid harm to minors caused by guardians’ inadequate performance of guardianship duties, losing the capacity for guardianship, or violations by guardians. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Justice are responsible, with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Public Security, Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

--Improve judicial interpretations related to handling trafficking cases to unify the standards for the application of law and rules for determination of evidence. (Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security, and Ministry of Justice are responsible)

(2) Draft and improve relevant policies to strengthen policy connections, expand publicity on policies, oversee policy implementation, and promote the use of information technology, regulation, institutionalization, and legalization of efforts to prevent and combat trafficking and in rescue, placement, and rehabilitation work; uphold and improve mechanisms for combatting trafficking. (The member units of the State Council Interdepartmental Conference Against Human Trafficking are responsible)

(5) Strengthen publicity, education, and training.

1. Work objectives.

Innovate methods of publicity and education, vigorously expanding education on safety from trafficking and publicity on rule of law, to truly enhance the public’s awareness of safety from trafficking and legal understanding, increasing their ability to protect themselves, putting criminals on alert, and creating a social atmosphere in which no one can engage in trafficking, and no one dares engage in trafficking. Strengthen counter-trafficking education, training, and theoretical research to increase capacity for combatting trafficking.

2. Action measures.

(1) Innovate methods of publicity, strengthen guidance of public opinion, actively respond to societal concern, and fully utilize internet and new media tactics for publicity, carrying out publicity and education through multiple channels and in multiple forms on countering trafficking and preventing sexual assaults. Emphasizing carrying out counter-trafficking education and rule of law publicity in key areas for trafficking and among vulnerable populations, enhancing the public's awareness of countering tracking and ability to protect themselves, exposing example cases of trafficking, using cases to explain the law, using cases to teach the law, and to warn and deter criminal elements of society. (The Publicity Department of the CCCPC, Cybersecurity administration,, State Radio and Television Administration, and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Health Commission, State Council Working Committees on Children and Women, All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Give play to the role of news media in publicity and education, create radio and television programs and public interest advertisement shorts on combatting trafficking and preventing the sexual abuse of minors, increase the broadcast rate of counter-trafficking programs and give priority to playing them at prime time, to continuously increase the extent and impact of publicity and education on countering trafficking and preventing sexual assault on minors. (The Publicity Department of the CCCPC, Cybersecurity administration, and State Administration of Radio and Television are responsible with the Ministry of Public Security, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Strengthen legal publicity on combatting trafficking and preventing sexual assault of minors, and include counter-trafficking publicity and education in key points for annual popular legal education. (Ministry of Justice is responsible with Ministry of Public Security cooperating)

-- Include education on trafficking and preventing sexual assault in the teaching activities of primary and secondary schools and secondary vocational schools, increasing students’ awareness of self-protection. Where teachers discover potential situations of trafficking or sexual assault of minors, they shall promptly make a report to the school of the relevant departments based on the mandatory reporting system for cases of sexual abuse against minors. (The Ministry of Education and Ministry of Justice are responsible, with the Ministry of Public Security cooperating.)

-- Strengthen education and training on countering trafficking and preventing sexual assault for migrant or left-behind children and their parents or other guardians, strictly implementing for parents' or other guardians' responsibility for guardianship of their minor children. (Ministry of Education and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible, with the All-China Women's Federation, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and China Committee for the Next Generation cooperating)

--- Include publicity and education on countering trafficking in urban and rural community governance, enhancing the awareness of countering trafficking and preventing sexual assault, and ability to protect oneself for community members, especially women, the parents or other guardians of minors, persons with disabilities and their guardians. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Public Security, and All-China Women's Federation are responsible with the Ministry of Education, State Ethnic Affairs Commission, Ministry of Justice, and Supreme People's Procuratorate cooperating)

-- Periodically carry out special publicity actions against trafficking in units such as train stations, bus stations, airports, ports, entertainment venues, hotels, and so forth, and include content related to countering trafficking in routine publicity; staff in units such as for the transport industry, entertainment venues, and hotels shall promptly report and stop suspected situations of trafficking or sexual abuse of minors that they discover, and the public is encouraged to do the same. (Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Civil Aviation Administration, China Railways Corporation, and the Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Commerce, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Expand the force of publicity for citizens on countering fraud and trafficking in laws on marriage of our citizens with foreign parties to increase compliance with law and awareness of risk prevention. Ministry of Civil Affairs, Publicity Department of the CCCPC, Cybersecurity Administration, Ministry of Public Security, and Ministry of Justice responsible)

-- Strengthen education on safety from trafficking and rule of law publicity in border regions and remote areas, to increase the public's awareness of safety from trafficking, ability to recognize crimes, and to protect themselves. (The Ministry of Justice is responsible with the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Civil Affairs, and Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- In areas and communities where minority people are concentrated, carry out publicity on countering trafficking and preventing sexual assault of minors. (The State Ethnic Affairs Commission and Ministry of Justice are responsible, with the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, State administration of Radio and Television, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

---- Develop publicity materials suited to the traits of persons with disabilities, increasing persons with disabilities' awareness of countering trafficking awareness and preventing sexual abuse, and their conception of law and ability to protect themselves (The China Disabled Persons' Federation is responsible, with the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, State administration of Radio and Television, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(2) Mobilize social forces to support and participate in efforts to counter-trafficking. Improve systems of rewards for reporting trafficking crimes, supporting and guiding civil organizations and concerned members of society to participate in counter-trafficking efforts and locating relatives. Regulate systems for the management and assessment of a volunteer corps against trafficking. Use contemporary technological tactics to continuously expand the sources of leads. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible with member units of the State Council Interdepartmental Conference Against Human Trafficking cooperating)

(3) Strengthen the education and training of all persons working in counter-trafficking and the professional establishment of counter-trafficking work teams, to increase capacity and level of implementation for the Action Plan. (The member units of the State Council Interdepartmental Conference Against Human Trafficking are responsible)

-- Include laws, regulations, and policies on protecting the rights and interests of women and children and on countering trafficking in the content of education and training, to continuously increase the awareness and ability of relevant departments to carry out counter-trafficking efforts and to safeguard the lawful rights and interests of trafficked persons, and to continuously increase ability and level of investigating, prosecuting, trial, and enforcement organs to handle trafficking cases. (Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security, and Ministry of Justice are responsible)

-- Strengthen education and training for counter-trafficking personnel in border and port regions, completing efforts on population and public safety management in these regions, improving systems for prevention of trafficking, increasing preventative prediction and early warning capacity, and increasing the capacity and level of combat against transnational trafficking crimes. (Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security, and Ministry of Justice are responsible)

-- Strengthen education and training for persons engaged in efforts to rescue trafficked persons, increasing capacity and force of aid efforts. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs and Health Commission are responsible with the All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(4) Further expand social participation, strengthen the spread of law and policy on combatting trafficking, expanding social participation and public reporting of leads on human trafficking. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Publicity Department of the CCCPC, Cybersecurity Administration, Ministry of Civil Affairs, State Administration of Radio and Television, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation)

(6) Strengthen international cooperation.

1. Work objectives.

Effectively prevent and strictly combat transnational and cross border trafficking, strengthen rescue of persons trafficked across nations and borders. Strengthen international cooperation with other nations to combat trafficking, actively participating in discussions and consultations with the international community on issues related to combatting trafficking.

2. Action measures.

(1) Strengthen international exchanges and cooperation on countering trafficking, strengthen government cooperation against trafficking between regions, develop an international counter-trafficking arrangement within the UN framework. (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Ministry of Commerce cooperating)

(2) Make full use of resources and technology from relevant international organizations and strengthen the establishment of international counter-trafficking programs and introduction work. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Commerce cooperating)

-- Actively participate in all international counter-trafficking mechanisms such as the Greater Mekong Subregion COMMIT process, promote the establishment of international counter-trafficking mechanisms under the 'belt and road' framework. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Legal Affairs Commission of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the Supreme People's Court, The Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Commerce, State Council Working Committees on Children and Women, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating.)

-- Strengthen exchanges and cooperation with international immigration organizations, the United Nations Children's Fund, the UN Women's Agency, the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, the Lancang-Mekong Integrated Law Enforcement and Security Cooperation Center, other international organizations and nations, to jointly carry out education, training, and publicity on countering trafficking, and to learn of developing trends in international trafficking and response measures, and present out nation's achievements in countering trafficking (The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Commerce are responsible with the Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(3) Strengthen safety training for transnational laborers before they leave the country, strictly review and closely monitor cooperative transnational labor programs in which the majority of participants going abroad are young women, and increase awareness of preventing women's transnational trafficking of women. . (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Ministry of Commerce and Ministry of Foreign Affairs cooperating)

(4) Strengthen cooperation on international policing, making full use of channels such as bilateral and multilateral cooperation mechanisms and international criminal policing organizations, carry out joint enforcement actions against transnational trafficking, strengthen prompt investigative cooperation and prompt connections and exchanges of intelligence information on countering trafficking, giving full play to the role of border police liaisons, to jointly combat transnational trafficking. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Justice cooperating)

(5) Strengthen cooperation with relevant receiving countries and international organizations, promptly rescuing and receiving Chinese nationals that were trafficked abroad, and provide them with necessary services. (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating)

(6) Strengthen cooperation with relevant source countries for trafficking and international organizations, to promptly discover and rescue persons trafficked to China, improve mechanisms for efforts to rescue victims of transnational and cross border trafficking, complete efforts on transition and rehabilitation, and safely return them. (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Public Security, and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible)

(6) Earnestly perform and make full use of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its supplemental Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, carry out international cooperation in the criminal justice area in accordance with the PRC Extradition Law and the PRC Law on International Criminal Justice Assistance, and steadily advance the conclusion of criminal judicial assistance and extradition treaties with other countries, particularly neighboring countries, to continuously expand the international network of judicial cooperation to combat trafficking. (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate and Ministry of Justice cooperating)

III. Safeguard Measures

(1) Strengthen Organizational Coordination. The Inter-ministerial Joint Conference of the State Council on Countering Trafficking is to strengthen organizational leadership and overall coordination, formulate and improve policy measures, and promptly study and resolve outstanding problems and challenges. The general office of the inter-ministerial joint conference is responsible for coordinating and organizing oversight and inspections of the implementation of the Action Plan, carrying out periodic and final assessments, and establishing a supervisor and warning system for key cases and areas for countering trafficking. Local governments at the county level and above should gradually establish coordination mechanisms to organize and coordinate, guide and inspect counter-trafficking work, and draft local detailed implementation rules for the Action Plan and annual implementation plans. Member units of all levels of counter-trafficking mechanisms at all levels should closely cooperate, draft implementation plans for that department or unit on the basis of the tasks and division of labor, and carry out self-inspections and assessments.

(2) Improve safeguards for expenses. All levels of government are to make overall plans and arrangements for the costs of implementing the action plan, and support counter-trafficking work in that region. Expand channels for fundraising to combat trafficking, encourage social organizations, charitable establishments, enterprises, public institutions, and individuals to raise money through various channels such as donations and international aid to support the development of counter-trafficking programs.

(3) Strictly evaluate and oversee. Include counter-trafficking in Peaceful China evaluations and in the target management and evaluation system for relevant departments and institutions, sending evaluation results to the departments in charge of cadres to be an important basis for the comprehensive evaluation and assessment of leadership and leading cadres. Teams and individuals with effective measures, innovative work, and notable accomplishments in countering trafficking are to be given commendations and awards in accordance with state provisions, and it is to be a key consideration in the selection for honors. In areas where trafficking is serious and the efforts to prevent and combat it are inadequate, and in departments that have failed to truly perform their related duties, the responsibility of relevant personnel is to be pursued in accordance with laws and discipline, and they are to be totally rejected in social management and comprehensive governance.

 

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