Regulations on the Protection of Minors Online

by China Law Translate | 2023/10/24 9:41 AM

Promulgation Date: 2023-10-16
Title: Regulations on the Protection of Minors Online
Document Number:
Expiration date: 
Promulgating Entities: State Council
Source of text: https://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/202310/content_6911288.htm

Chapter I: General Provisions

Article 1These Regulations are drafted on the basis of laws such as the PRC Law on Protection of Minors, PRC Cybersecurity Law, and PRC Personal Information Protection Law, in order to create an online environment that is beneficial to minors’ physical and psychological wellbeing and to safeguard the lawful rights and interests of minors.

Article 2: Efforts to protect minors online shall uphold the leadership of the Communist Part of China, be guided by the Core Socialist Values, adhere to the principle of the best interest of the minors, and be suited to the healthy physical and psychological development of minors and the rules and traits of cyberspace, and shall implement joint social governance.

Article 3: The State Internet Information Office is responsible for planning and coordinating efforts to protect minors online, and completing efforts based on its duties.

The state department of press, publication, and film and the relevant State Council departments such as for education, communications, public security, civil affairs culture and tourism, health, market regulation, and radio and television, are to complete efforts on the online protection of minors based on their respective duties.

Local people's governments at the county level or above and their relevant departments are responsible for planning and coordinating efforts to protect minors online, and completing efforts based on their respective duties.

Article 4: The Communist Youth League, women’s federations, trade unions, Disabled Persons Federations, Working Committees for the Care of the Next Generation, youth federations, students’ federations, young pioneers’ organizations, and other people's organizations as well as relevant social organizations and basic-level mass autonomous organizations, are to assist the relevant departments in efforts on the protection of minors online, and preservation of minors' lawful rights and interests.

Article 5: Schools and families shall teach and lead minors to participate in activities that are conducive to their physical and psychological health, and to use the networks rationally, civilly, safely, and reasonably, and shall prevent and intervene in minors' internet addiction.

Article 6: Online product and service providers, personal information handlers, and the manufacturers or sellers of smart terminals shall comply with laws, administrative regulations, and relevant state provisions, and shall respect social mores, comply with professional ethics, be truthful and credible, perform obligations on the protection of minors online, and take social responsibility.

Article 7: Online product and service providers, personal information handlers, and the manufacturers or sellers of smart terminals shall accept government and societal oversight, cooperate with relevant departments lawfully carrying out oversight inspections involving efforts to protect minors online; establish convenient, reasonable, and effective channels for complaints and reports, disclose the routes and methods for making complaints and reports in a conspicuous manner, and promptly accept and address complaints and reports from the public.

Article 8: Where any organization or individual discovers violations of these Regulations, they may make a complaint or report to relevant departments such as for internet information, press, publication, film, education, communication, public security, civil affairs, culture and tourism, health, market administration, or radio and television. Departments receiving complaints or reports shall promptly handle them in accordance with law; where these do not fall within the responsibilities of that department, they shall promptly transfer the matters to the department empowered to handle them.

Article 9: Relevant network industry organizations shall strengthen industry self-discipline, drafting industry specifications on the protection of minors online and guiding members to perform obligations to protect minors online, to strengthen the protection of minors online.

Article 10: News media shall use methods such as news channels, special columns (programs), and public interest advertisements to carry out publicity on the laws, regulations, policy measures, and example cases about the protection of minors online and related knowledge, and conduct public opinion guidance on behaviors harming the lawful rights and interests of minors, guiding all of society to jointly participate in the protection of minors online.

Article 11: The state encourages and supports the strengthening of scientific research and personnel cultivation in the area of online protections for minors, and the carrying out of international exchanges and cooperation.

Article 12: Organizations and individuals making outstanding contributions in efforts on the protection of minors online will be given commendations and awards in accordance with relevant state regulations.

Chapter II: Promotion of Internet Literacy

Article 13: The State Council departments for education shall include internet literacy in school character development education, and, in conjunction with the State Internet Information Office, formulate indexes for evaluating minors' internet literacy.

The departments for education shall guide and support schools in developing online literacy education for minors, focusing on forming awareness of online ethics, cultivating an understanding of online law, building capacity to use the networks, protecting one's person and property, and so forth, to cultivate minors' awareness of network security, civility, behavioral habits, and defensive skills.

Article 14: People's governments at the county level or above shall make rational plans and a reasonable setup to promote the balanced and coordinated development of non-profit internet service, and strengthen the establishment of public cultural facilities that provide non-profit internet service, improving the conditions for minors going online.

Local people's governments at the county level or above shall provide high-quality internet literacy classes to students through methods such as allocating guidance teachers who have corresponding professional aptitudes to primary and secondary schools and through government procurement of services or encouraging primary and secondary schools to procure relevant services themselves.

Article 15: Schools, communities, libraries, cultural centers, youth activity centers, and other such venues providing minors with internet access facilities, shall provide guidance and a safe and healthy environment for minors going online through methods such as arranging professionals or recruiting volunteers, as well as installing software for the protection of minors online or employing other technological safety measures.

Article 16: Schools shall include content such as increasing internet literacy in learning and teaching activities, and reasonably use the networks to carry out teaching activities, shall establish and complete management systems for students going online during school, regulate smart terminals brought to school by minor students in accordance with law, help students form positive habits in going online, cultivate student’s awareness of online safety and law, and enhance students ability to obtain, analyze, and assess online information.

Article 17: Minors' guardians shall strengthen family education and family environments, increase their internet literacy, regulate their own internet usage, and strengthen education, modeling, guidance, and oversight for minors' internet usage.

Article 18: The state encourages and supports the research, development, production, and use of specialized online technologies, products, and services for minors, such as online protection software or smart terminal products and minors modes or dedicated areas for minors, that are suited to rules and characteristics of minors’ healthy physical and psychological development; and encourages the establishment and building of a barrier-free accessible internet, to promote minors broadening their horizons, molding their integrity, and improving their character.

Article 19: Software for the protection of minors online and smart terminal products that are especially for minors shall possess effective functions such as for identifying illegal information and information that might impact minors' physical and psychological health, protecting minor's rights and interests in personal information, preventing minors from becoming addicted to the internet, and making guardians perform their guardianship duties.

In conjunction with the relevant departments of the State Council, the State Internet Information Office is to clarify the relevant technical standards and requirements for software for the protection of minors online and smart terminal products that are especially for minors, as needed for efforts to protect minors online, and is to guide and oversee relevant online industry organizations in conducting assessments of these methods in accordance with the relevant technical standards and requirements.

Producers of smart terminal products shall install software for the protection of minors before the products leave the factory, or employ noticeable methods to inform users about the channels and methods for installing the software. Sellers of smart terminal products shall employ noticeable methods to inform users about the installation of software for the protection of minors online as well as channels and methods for installation.

The guardians of minors shall reasonably use and guide minors to use the online protection software, smart terminal products, and so forth, to create a positive family environment for internet use.

Article 20: The providers of online platform services that have a huge volume of minor users or a notable impact on minors as a group shall fulfill the following obligations:

(1) Fully consider the physical and psychological developmental traits of minors in designing, developing, and operating the online platform services, and periodically carry out impact assessments about the protection of minors online;

(2) Provide minors modes, special areas for minors, and so forth, to facilitate minors obtaining products and services on the platform that are conducive to their physical and psychological health;

(3) In accordance with state provisions, establish and complete institutional systems for compliance with online protections for minors, establishing an independent body composed mainly of outside members to conduct oversight of the online protections for minors;

(4) Comply with the principles of openness, fairness, and equity, to draft special platform rules clarifying the obligations of product and service providers on the platform for the protection of minors online, and alert minor users in a notable fashion of the rights they enjoy for protection online in accordance with law and of remedies for harms suffered online;

(5) Stop providing services to providers of products or services on the platform who violate laws and administrative regulations to seriously harm minors' physical or psychological health or other lawful rights and interests.

(6) Annually publish a special report on social responsibility to protect minors online and accept societal oversight.

Specific measures for the identification of “providers of online platform services that have a huge volume of minor users and a notable impact on minors as a group” as used in the preceding paragraph are to be separately formulated by the State internet information department.

Chapter III: Regulation of Online Information Content

Article 21: The state encourages and supports the creation, reproduction, publication, and dissemination of online information that carries forward the Core Socialist Values and advanced socialist culture, revolutionary culture, and the exceptional traditional Chinese culture; solidifies the sense of community among the Chinese people, cultivates minors feelings for their home country and their good moral character, and guides minors to cultivate positive habits in their lives and conduct; to create a clean cyberspace and online ecology that is conducive to minors' healthy development.

Article 22: Online information with content that is harmful to the physical or psychological health of minors such as promoting obscenity, pornography, violence, cults, superstitions, gambling, inducements to self-harm and suicide, terrorism, separatism, or extremism, must not be produced, reproduced, published, or transmitted by any organization or individual.

Pornographic and obscene online information related to minors must not be produced, reproduced, published, transmitted, or possessed by any organization or individual.

Article 23: Where online products or services contain information that might lead or entice minors to imitate unsafe conduct, carry out conduct that violates social mores, cause extreme feelings, form bad habits, or that might otherwise impact minors' physical or psychological health, the organizations or individuals producing, reproducing, publishing, or transmitting them shall give conspicuous warnings before displaying the content.

In conjunction with the State Administration for Press and Publication, Film Department, and the State Council departments for education, communications, public security, culture and tourism, radio and television, and so forth, the State Internet Information Office is to determine the specific types, scope, assessment standards and warning methods for information that might impact minors' physical or psychological health on the foundation of the preceding paragraph.

Article 24: Information that might impact minors' physical or psychological health as provided for in the first paragraph of article 23 of these Regulations must not be produced, reproduced, published, or transmitted in online products or services aimed at minors by any organization or individual.

The providers of online products and services must not embed information that might impact minors' physical or psychological health as provided for in the first paragraph of article 23 of these regulations in eye-catching positions in products or services or in key areas that easily draw in users such as front pages, initial pop-up windows, hot searches, and so forth.

Online product and service providers must not conduct commercial marketing to minors through automated decision-making.

Article 25: Organizations and individuals must not send or forward online information with content that is harmful to or that might impact minors' physical or psychological health to minors, and must not entice or compel minors to have contact with it.

Article 26: Minors must not be bullied online by any organization or individual through means such as insults, defamation, threats, or malicious harm, in text, pictures, audiovisual materials, or other forms.

Online product and service providers shall establish and complete alert and prevention, identification and monitoring, and disposition mechanisms for cyberbullying, setting up functions and channels to facilitate minors and their guardians’ preservation of records of cyberbullying and exercising notification rights, and providing options to facilitate minors’ prevention of cyberbullying information such as blocking unknown users, setting the scope of visibility for information one publishes, prohibiting forwarding or comments on information one publishes, or prohibiting information from being sent to them.

Online product and service providers shall establish and complete cyberbullying information trait databases, optimize relevant algorithm models, and employ technology such as artificial intelligence and big data, combined with manual review, to strengthen the identification and monitoring of cyberbullying.

Article 27: Organizations and individuals must not organize, incite, compel, entice, trick, or assist minors in carrying out illegal or criminal conduct through online text, pictures, audiovisual materials, or other forms.

Article 28: The providers of online educational products and services aimed at minors shall follow the laws, administrative regulations, and relevant state provisions, to provide appropriate products and services based on the physical and psychological development traits and cognitive capacity of minors at different ages.

Article 29: The providers of online products and services shall strengthen the management of information published by users and employ measures to prevent the production, reproduction, publication, and transmission of information that violates articles 22, 24, 25, 26p1, and 27 of these Regulations, and where information that violates the provisions above is discovered, they shall immediately stop its transmission and employ measures to address it such as deleting or blocking it, or breaking links to stop the spread of the information, and store relevant records and report to relevant departments such as for internet information and public security; and employ measures such as warnings, limits on functions, suspension of services, or closing accounts to address the users that produced, reproduced, published, or transmitted the information.

Where the providers of online products and services discover that users have published or transmitted information provided for in the first paragraph of article 23 of these Regulations and failed to give notice in a conspicuous position, they shall alert or notify the user to add a notice; and the information must not be transmitted without a notice.

Article 30: Where the State Internet Information Office; Department of Press, Publication and Film; and departments of the State Council such as for education, telecommunications, public security, culture and tourism, and radio and television discover information that violates articles 22, 24, 25, 26p1, or 27 of these Regulations, or where they discover information provided for in paragraph one of article 23 of these Regulations that does not have a conspicuous notice, they shall request that the providers of online products and services stop its transmission and employ measures to address it in accordance with article 29 of these Regulations; for information described above that has a source outside the mainland territory, they shall lawfully notify the relevant bodies to employ technical measures and other necessary measures to block its transmission.

Chapter IV: Protection of Personal Information Online

Article 31: Where online service providers provide minors with services such as information publishing or instant messaging, they shall request that the minors or their guardians provide the minors' true identity information in accordance with law. Where the minors or their guardians do not provide the minors' true identity information, the online service providers must not provide the minors with the relevant services.

Online livestreaming service providers shall establish dynamic verification mechanisms for the real identity information of online livestreamers, and must not provide livestream publication services to minors that are ineligible in accordance with law.

Article 32: Personal information handlers shall strictly comply with provisions of the state internet information department and relevant departments on the scope of necessary information for online products and services, and must not mandatorily require minors or their guardians to consent to unnecessary handling of personal information, and must not refuse to let minors use basic functions of the services because the minors or their guardians do not consent to the handling of the minors’ unnecessary personal information or revoke their consent.

Article 33: The guardians of minors shall teach and guide minors to enhance their awareness and ability to protect personal information, understand the scope of personal information and the related security risks, guide minors to exercise their rights in personal information handling activities, such as the rights to access, reproduce, correct, supplement, and delete it, and protect minors' rights and interests in personal information.

Article 34: Personal information handlers shall obey the following provisions in handling lawful requests by minors or their guardians to access, reproduce, correct, supplement, or delete minors' personal information.

(1) Provide convenient means and paths to support minors’ or their guardians’ checking into the types and volume etc. of their personal information that has been collected; and restrictions must not be carried out on the minors’ or guardians’ reasonable requests;

(2) Provide convenient functions to support minors’ or their guardians’ reproduction, correction, supplementing, or deletion of the minors’ personal information, the revocation of their authorization and consent, or the deregistration of accounts, and unreasonable requirements must not be set up.

(3) Promptly accept and handle requests by minors or their guardians to access, reproduce, correct, supplement, or delete the minors’ personal information, and where the requests of minors or their guardians to exercise their rights are rejected, the applicant shall be notified in writing and the reasons explained.

Where minors or their guardians lawfully submit requests that the minors’ personal information be transferred, and the conditions provided for by the state internet information departments are met, the personal information handlers shall provide channels for the transfer.

Article 35: Where minors' personal information is or might be disclosed, altered, or lost, the personal information handlers shall immediately initiate the emergency response plan for personal information safety incidents, employ remedial measures, promptly report to the internet information departments and other departments, and notify impacted minors and their guardians by mail, letter, phone, push notification, or other methods in accordance with relevant state provisions.

Where it is difficult for personal information handlers to give individual notice, they shall employ reasonable and effective methods to promptly publish relevant information alerts, except as otherwise provided by laws and administrative regulations.

Article 36: Personal information handlers shall follow the minimum authorization principle for their staff, strictly setting access authorization to control the scope of those knowing minors' personal information. Staff access to minors' personal information shall be upon review of the persons responsible or managers that they authorize, the circumstances of the access shall be recorded, and technical measures employed to avoid unlawful handling of minors' personal information.

Article 37: Personal information handlers shall conduct annual audits of whether their personal information handling activities are in compliance with laws and administrative regulations, either on their own or by retaining a professional body, and promptly report on the audits to departments such as for internet information.

Article 38: Where online service providers discover minors' private information online, or that minors' personal information that is published online involves private information, they shall promptly give an alert and employ necessary protective measures such as stopping the transmission to prevent the spread of the information.

Where online service providers discover from minors’ private information, that the minors might have suffered infractions, they shall immediately employ necessary measures to store relevant records and report it to the public security organs.

Chapter V: The Prevention of Internet Addiction

Article 39:Prevention and interventions for minors' addiction to the internet shall be conducted in compliance with laws, administrative regulations, and relevant state provisions.

On the basis of their respective duties, departments such as for education, health, and market regulation are to carry out oversight and management of institutions engaged in activities to prevent and intervene in minors' internet addiction.

Article 40: Schools shall strengthen guidance and training for teachers to increase their ability to identify internet addiction in minors early on and to intervene. For minor students inclined to internet addiction, schools shall promptly inform their guardians, and jointly educate, guide, and assist the minor students to help them resume their normal studies and lives.

Article 41: Minors' guardians shall guide minors' safe and reasonable use of the internet, paying close attention to minors' going online and their related physical and psychological states and behavioral habits, prevent minors from coming in contact with online information that is harmful or that might impact their physical and psychological health, and reasonably arrange for minors time using the internet, to prevent and intervene in minors' internet addiction.

Article 42: The providers of online products and services shall establish and complete systems for preventing addiction and must not provide minors with products or services that induce addiction, and are to promptly revise content, functions, or rules that might cause addiction in minors, and report annually to the public on efforts to prevent addiction to accept societal oversight.

Article 43: Providers of online services such as games, livestreams, video, and social media shall set up minors modes for the minors using their services aimed at the characteristics of minors in different age groups and in adherence with the principles of integration, friendliness, practicality, and efficacy; providing the corresponding services in accordance with state provisions and standards in areas such as timing, duration, functions, and content, and providing functions such as for management of time, permissions, and spending in an eye-catching and convenient way, for guardians to perform guardianship duties.

Article 44: Providers of online services such as games, livestreams, video, and social media shall employ measures to reasonably limit the amounts that minors in different age groups can spend in as single payments and daily totals through their services, and must not provide payment services to minors that do not match their capacity for civil action.

Article 45: Providers of online services such as games, livestreams, video, and social media shall employ measures to prevent and reject negative value orientations such as traffic supremacy, and must not set up online communities, groups, or topics based on calls for fundraising, voting for rankings, or rigging traffic and reviews; must not induce minors to participate in online activities such as calls for fundraising, voting for rankings, or rigging traffic and reviews; and are to prevent and stop users from inducing minors to carry out such conduct.

Article 46: The providers of online games shall verify minors’ real identity information through the Uniform Online Gaming Electronic Identity Verification System established by the state and other necessary means.

Online product and service providers must not provide minors with services the rent or sale of gaming accounts.

Article 47:The providers of online gaming services shall establish and improve game rules for the prevention of minors' internet addiction, and avoid having minors come in contact with game content or functions that might impact their physical or psychological health.

The providers of online gaming services shall put in place requirements for age appropriateness labeling, assessing elements of games such as their type, content, and function based on the physical and psychological developmental traits and cognitive ability of minors at different ages to categorize game products and clarify the appropriate age range that the games are suitable for, and clearly indicate this in a notable place on user download, registration, and login interfaces.

Article 48: Departments for press and publication, education, health, culture and tourism, radio and television, internet information, and so forth shall periodically carry out publicity and education on the prevention of internet addiction in minors; oversee and inspect online product and service providers' performance of their obligations to prevent minors' internet addiction, and guide families, schools, and social organizations, to work together and employ scientific and reasonable methods to prevent and intervene in minors' internet addiction.

The state administration for press and publication is to lead the way in organizing and carrying out efforts to prevent minors addiction to online games, collaborating with relevant departments to draft provisions on the management of providing online gaming services to minors, such as on times, duration, and spending limits.

Based on their respective duties, departments such as for health and education are to guide relevant medical establishments, schools of higher learning, and so forth to carry out basic research on the mental disorders and psychological behavioral problems that internet addiction in minors can lead to, and applied research such as on screening, assessments, diagnosis, prevention, and intervention.

Article 49: Abuse, coercion, and other methods that encroach on minors' physical and psychological health must not be used by any organization or individual to conduct interventions in internet addiction, harming the lawful rights and interests of minors.

Chapter VI: Legal Responsibility

Article 50: All levels of local people's government and relevant departments at the county level or above that violate these Regulations and do not perform their duties to protect minors online, are to be ordered to make corrections by their superior organs; where the corrections are refused or the circumstances are serious, the responsible leaders and directly responsible personnel are to be given sanctions in accordance with law.

Article 51: Schools, communities, libraries, cultural halls, youth activity centers, and so forth that violate these Regulations and do not perform their duties to protect minors online are to be ordered to make corrections by the departments such as for education or culture and tourism on the basis of their respective duties; where the corrections are refused or the circumstances are serious, the responsible leaders and directly responsible personnel are to be given sanctions in accordance with law.

Article 52: Where minors' guardians do not perform the guardianship duties provided for in these Regulations or harm the lawful rights and interests of minors, the residents' committee, villagers' committee, or women's federation for the area where the minor resides, or the parents' workplace, primary and secondary schools, kindergartens, and other units that work closely with minors are to give criticism and education in accordance with law, admonish them to stop, urge their acceptance of guidance on family education, and so forth.

Article 53:Where article 7, 19p3, or 38p2 of these Regulations is violated, departments such as for internet information, press and publication, film, education, communications, public security, civil affairs, culture and tourism, market administration, and radio and television are to order corrections on the basis of their respective duties; where corrections are refused or the circumstances are serious, a fine of between 50,000 and 500,000 RMB is to be given, and the directly responsible managers and other directly responsible personnel are to be given a fine of between 10,000 and 100,000 RMB.

Article 54: Where the first paragraph of article 20 of these Regulations is violated, departments such as for internet information, press and publication, telecommunications, public security, culture and tourism, and radio and television are to order corrections, give warnings, and confiscate unlawful gains on the basis of their respective duties; where the corrections are refused, a concurrent fine of up to 1,000,00 RMB is to be given, and the directly responsible managers and other directly responsible personnel are to be given a fine of between 10,000 and 100,000 RMB.

Where items (1) or (5) of article 20 of these Regulations are violated and the circumstances are serious, the provincial-level or higher departments, such as for internet information, press and publication, telecommunications, public security, culture and tourism, and radio and television are to order corrections, confiscate unlawful gains, and give a fine of up to 50,000,000 RMB or up to 5% of the preceding years profits in accordance with their respective duties, and may give an order to suspend related operations or suspend business for rectification, and a report given to the relevant departments to have relevant operations permits or business license canceled in accordance with law; and directly responsible managers and other directly responsible personnel are to be fined between 100,000 and 1,000,000 RMB, and they a decision may be made to prohibit them from serving as a board member, supervisor, senior management, or person responsible for the protection of minors online at related enterprises.

Article 55: Where articles 24 or 25 of these Regulations are violated, departments such as for internet information, press and publication, film, telecommunications, public security, culture and tourism, market administration, and radio and television are to order that corrections be made in a set period of time, give warnings, and confiscate unlawful gains, and they may give a fine of up to 100,000; where corrections are refused or the circumstances are serious, order them to temporarily stop related operations, stop production and business, or revoke business permits and relevant licenses, where unlawful gains exceed 1,000,000 RMB give a concurrent fine of between 1 and 10 times the amount of unlawful gains; where there are no unlawful gains or the unlawful gains are less than 1,000,000 RMB, a fine of between 100,000 and 1,000,000 RMB is to be given.

Article 56:Where paragraphs 2 or 3 of article 26, article 28, paragraph 1 of article 29, paragraph 2 of article 31, article 36, paragraph 1 of article 38, articles 42-45, paragraph 2 of article 46, or article 47 of these Regulations is violated, departments such as for internet information, press and publication, film, education, telecommunications, public security, culture and tourism, and radio and television are to order corrections, give warnings, and confiscate unlawful gains on the basis of their respective duties, and where unlawful gains are above 100,000 RMB, a fine of between 1 and 10 times the unlawful gains is to be given; where corrections are refused or the circumstances are serious, order them to temporarily stop related operations, stop production and business, or revoke business licenses and relevant permits, where unlawful gains exceed 1,000,000 RMB give a concurrent fine of between 1 and 10 times the amount of unlawful gains; where there are no unlawful gains or the unlawful gains are less than 1,000,000 RMB, a fine of between 100,000 and 1,000,000 RMB is to be given and directly responsible managers and other directly responsible personnel are to be given a fine of between 10,000 and 100,000 RMB; where corrections are refused or the circumstances are serious, a temporary suspension of operations, suspension of business for rectification, closing of websites, or cancellation of relevant permits and business licenses may be concurrently given.

Article 57: Where the providers of online products and services violate these regulations and receive penalties of having websites closed or operations permits or business licenses canceled, they must not newly apply for the related permits for 5 years, and their directly responsible managers and other directly responsible personnel must not engage in the same type of online product and service operations for 5 years.

Article 58: Where violations of these Regulations harm the lawful rights and interests of minors, causing harm to the minors, they are to bear civil liability in accordance with law; where it constitutes a violation of public security administration, public security administration punishments are to be given in accordance with law; where a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility is to be pursued in accordance with law.

Chapter VII: Supplementary Provisions

Article 59: “Smart terminal products” as used in these Regulations refers to cell phones, computers, and other network terminals that cannot connect to the internet, have operating systems, and can have users install application software.

Article 60: These Regulations take effect on January 1, 2024.

 

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