You might want to read some of our Social Credit Articles before diving in to this list of Chinese legal Materials. Click here for our list of related original content.

 

Below is our incomplete, but ever growing list of documents related to China’s social credit system, categorized by type.

Core Structural DocumentsLocal SystemsPersonal CreditworthinessBlack/Red ListsMOU's on Joint Rewards and Disciplinary Action

Core Structural Documents of the Social Credit System

These Documents Establish Overarching Principles or Essential Mechanisms for Social Credit
Name Issuing UnitsDate
Planning Outline for the Establishment of a Social Credit System (2014-2020)State Council2014/6/27
Division of Labor for "Social Credit System Construction Plan Outline (2014-2020)" TasksNRDC2014/12/16
Guiding Opinion on Accelerating the Advance of the "Several Certificates in One" reformGeneral Office of the State Council2017/5/5
Guiding Opinions of the State Council on Actively Advancing the "Internet +" MovementState Council2015/07/04
The General Office of the State Council's Several Opinions on Using Big Data to Strengthen Market Entity Services and MonitoringGeneral Office of the State Council2015/11/13
Accelerating the "5 Certificates in 1, and 1 License-1 Number" Reforms to the Registration SystemsState Council2016/7/7
Approval on Consent to Adjust the Responsibilities and Membership of the Inter-Departmental Council on Establishing a Social Credit SystemState Council2012/7/17
Guiding Opinions on Strengthening the Establishment of Personal Creditworthiness SystemCommittee for Deepening Reform2016/11/1
Guiding Opinions on Strengthening the Establishment of Government CreditworthinessCommittee for Deepening Reform2016/11/1
General Plan for Further Improving Real-name Registration Systems in Related FieldsCommittee for Deepening Reform2016/10/11
Endorsing the Development and Reform Commission and other Departments' Overall Plan for the Establishment of a Uniform System of Credit Numbers For Legal Persons and Other OrganizationsState Council2015/11/13
Opinion on Advancing the Systematic Establishment of CreditworthinessCentral Committee Guiding the Construction of Spiritual Civilization2014/8/1

The General Office of the National Development and Reform Commission Notice on Further Improving the "Credit China" Website and Local Credit Portal Website Mechanisms for Credit Repair of Information on Administrative Punishments

National Development and Reform Commission2019/4/30

Guiding Opinion on Accelerating the Advancement of the Establishment of the Social Credit System with New Forms of Credit-based Regulatory Mechanisms

General Office of the State Council2019/7/9

The General Office of the National Development and Reform Commission's Notice on Delivery and Application of the Results of Comprehensive Public Credit Appraisals of Market Entities

General Office of the National Development and Reform Commission September 1, 2019

Guiding Opinions of the State Council on Strengthening and Standardizing Regulation During and After the Matter

State Council2019/9/6
Further Improving Systems for Restraining the Untrustworthy and Building Mechanisms for Building Creditworthiness that have Longterm EffectGeneral Office of the State Council2020/12/7
National List of Basic Penalty Measures for Untrustworthiness (Draft for Solicitation of Comments)National Development and Reform Commission2021/7/13
National Catalog of Basic Public Credit Information (2021 Edition) (Draft for Solicitation of Public Comments)National Development and Reform Commission2021/7/13

Local Systems

These are Local Regulations, governing all social credit work in a region including restrictions on what information can be collected, how long it can be retained, and how it can be used.
Name Release Date
Hebei Provincial Social Credit Information Regulations2017/9/28
Hubei Provincial Social Credit Information Management Regulations 2017/3/30
Zhejiang Provincial Regulations on the Management of Public Credit Information2017/10/11
Shanghai Municipal Social Credit Regulations 2017/6/23
Tianjin Municipal Social Credit RegulationsDecember 1, 2020

Guangdong Provincial Social Credit Regulations

2021年3月1日

Shandong Provincial Social Credit Regulations

2021年10月1日

Xiamen Special Economic Zone Social Credit Regulations

2019年6月1日

Personal Creditworthiness Systems

 These are local systems for the collection of ‘creditworthiness’ (诚信)information on individuals. 
Sometimes translated as 'integrity' or 'good faith', creditworthiness is part of the Core Socialist Values morality propaganda campaign.
LocalRelease DateTitle
National2016-12-23Guiding Opinion by the General Office of the State Council on Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Gansu2018-01-10Gansu Province, Dingxi City Implementation Plan for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Qindao2018-01-15Qingdao Municipal Implementation Plan for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Tianjin2017-08-09Tianjin Municipal Implementation Plan for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Hainan2018-08-09Hainan Provincial Implementation Plan for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Anhui2018-07-24Anhui Provincial Implementation Plan for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Shandong2018-06-15Notice of the Shandong Provincial People's Government General Office on the Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Sichuan2018-02-24Plan for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Zhejiang2017-11-1Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, Municipal Implementation Plan for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Hunan2018-04-09Hunan Provincial people's government Implementation Opinion for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Yunnan2017-10-14Yunnan Provincial people's government Implementation Opinion for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Fujian2018-07-27Fujian Provincial Implementation Plan for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Hubei2017-12-30Hubei Provincial People's Government Implementation Opinion for Strengthening the Establishment of the Personal Creditworthiness System
Guangdong2018-07-31Implementation Plan for Strengthening the Construction of Personal Credit System in Huizhou City, Guangdong Province

Balcklist (Redlist) Systems

These are rules for what persons/individuals are included in various industry-specific blacklists.  

The names of such lists are not standardized, but we have included documents that specify conditions for inclusion or removal, as well as the consequences of being listed.
Title发布或生效日期Primary Releasing Department
Measures on the Management of the List of Targets for Credit Joint Disciplinary Action in Commercial Affairs2019/7/17Ministry of Commerce
Measures on Credit Information Management for Seriously Untrustworthy Internet Information Services Entities (Draft for solicitation of comments)[Opinions Period] 2019/8/21State Internet Information Office
Measures of the Customs of the People's Republic of China for the Administration of Enterprise Credit2018/3/3Customs General Administration
Measures for the Management of Credit for Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Enterprises 7/16/2013Office of the General Administration of Quality Supervision
Implementation Opinions on Strengthening and Standardizing the Management of the List of Targets for Joint Punishment of Untrustworthiness in the Electric Power Field2018/2/3National Development and Reform Commission, Nuclear Power Administration
Several Provisions Regarding the Display of Information on the List of Judgment DefaultersSupreme People's Court
Measures on the Administration of Railway Passenger Credit Records (Provisional)2017/1/1Railway Administration
Measures for the Administration of Credit in the Civil Aviation Industry (for Trial Implementation)2017/11/06Civil Aviation Administration
Notice of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology on Doing a Good Job in the Management of the List of Negative Telecommunications Business Operations and the List of Untrustworthy Operations2018/03/16Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
"Measures on the Management of the Social Organizations's Credit Information"2018/1/24Ministry of Civil Affairs
Notice on the regular publication of the list of key national monitoring enterprises with major pollutant discharge exceeding the standard2016/1/8Ministry of Environmental Protection
Measures for Information Disclosure on Major Tax Violation Cases (for Trial Implementation)2016/4/16State Administration of Taxation
Measures on the Management of Enterprise Statistics Credit (Provisional)2017/6/26National Bureau of Statistics
Opinions on Appropriately Limiting Specified Seriously Untrustworthy Persons from Taking Civil Aircraft for a Certain Period of Time, and Promoting The Establishment of the Social Credit System2018/3/2Civil Aviation Administration
Opinions on Appropriately Restricting Certain Seriously Untrustworthy Persons from Riding Trains for a Certain Period of Time, and Promoting the Establishment of the a Social Credit System2018/3/2 China Railway Company
Interim Provisions on the Management of the Blacklist of Negative Work Safety Records of Production and Business Units
Notice on Strengthening the Oversight and Management of the List of Seriously Untrustworthy Persons Involved in Finance2017/3/9
Provisional Measures on Management of the List of Untrustworthy Enterprises with Serious Violations2016/4/1
Interim Measures for the Administration of the "Blacklist" for Owed Salary for Migrant Workers2017/9/25Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
Measures for the Administration of the Sports Market Blacklist2018/8/9 General Administration of Sport of China
National Measures on the Management of the Cultural Marketplace Blacklist2018/6/19Ministry of Culture and Tourism
Guiding Opinions on Strengthening and Regulating Efforts on the Management of Lists of Persons Receiving Joint Incentives for Trustworthiness or Joint Punishment for Untrustworthiness2017/10/30People's Bank of China, National Development and Reform Commission
Guiding Opinions on Strengthening and Regulating Efforts on the Management of Lists of Persons Receiving Joint Incentives for Trustworthiness or Joint Punishment for Untrustworthiness2018/1/19General Office of the National Development and Reform Commission
Measures on the Management of the List of Targets for Joint Disciplinary Action Against the Seriously Untrustworthy in the Patent Sector (Provisional)2019/10/16State Intellectual Property Office
Market Regulation Measures on the Management of the List of the Untrustworthy with Serious Violations 2021年8月2日国家市场监督管局

MOU's on Joint Rewards and Disciplinary Action

These are MOUs between government agencies in which one agency agrees to take some form of action against those blacklisted by another.

We have created an interactive tool for understanding these cross-agency penalties: available here.
TitleNo, of Depts SigningRelease Date
Memorandum of Understanding on the Implementation of Joint Disciplinary Action Against Seriously Untrustworthy Entities in the Intellectual Property Rights (Patent) Sector
Memorandum of Understanding on Carrying Out Joint Punishments Against Entities with Serious Illegal Untrustworthiness in the Cultural Market Sector
MOU on the Implementation of Joint Discipline Against Entities Responsible for Violations of Laws and Untrustworthiness in the Accounting Field
Memorandum of Understanding on Carrying Out Joint Punishments Against Entities with Serious Illegal Untrustworthiness in the Government Procurement Sector292018.11.20
MOU on Implementation of Joint Punishments against Seriously Untrustworthy Enterprises in the Social Insurance Field and their Staffs282018.11.22
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Discipline of Seriously Untrustworthy Enterprises and Related Personnel in the Field of Statistics (Revised Edition)
Memorandum of Understanding on Carrying Out Joint Disciplinary Action Against Entities Responsible For Serious Untrustworthiness in the Field of Scientific Research412018.11.5
Notification on Joint Disciplinary Action Against Judgment Defaulters in Bidding and Tendering Activities92016.09.22
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Incentives for Trustworthy Production and Business Units in the Field of Production Safety and their Related Personnel262017.12.25
Action Plan on the Implementation of Joint Creditworthiness Incentives for Outstanding Youth Volunteers to Accelerate the Construction of a Youth Credit System512016.9.9
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Punishment of Seriously Untrustworthy Entities in the Field of Public Resource Transactions242018.3.21
Memorandum of Understanding on the Implementation of Joint Incentives for Model Trustworthy Enterprises in the field of Transportation Construction Projects272018.2.28
Memorandum of Cooperation on Joint Punishment of Untrustworthy Production and Business Units and Related Personnel in the Field of Work Safety182016.8.2
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Discipline of Untrustworthy Production and Business Units and Related Personnel in the Field of Environmental Protection312016.7.20
Memorandum of Understanding on the Implementation of Joint Disciplinary Actions for Responsible Entities for Untrustworthiness in the Field of Domestic Services312018.3.
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Disciplinary Action Against Seriously Untrustworthy Parties to Marriage Registrations312018.3.
Memorandum of Understanding on the Implementation of Joint Rewards for the Trustworthy and Joint Discipline Action Against the Untrustworthy in the Field of Charitable Donations402018.5.1
Memorandum on cooperation for the implementation of Joint Incentives for Enterprises with High-grade Customs Certification402016.10.19
Memorandum of Understanding on Implementation of Joint Incentive Measures for taxpayers with A-level credit292016.7.8
Memorandum of cooperation on Joint Disciplinary Action against Entities Responsible for Untrustworthiness in the Management and Use of Government Funds292016.12.17
MOU on Joint Disciplinary Action against Parties with serious Untrustworthiness and Illegality in Production Quality262016.10.20
Memorandum of Understanding on Carrying out of Joint Discipline Actions of the Seriously Untrustworthy in Food and Drug Production and Business252016.9.13.
M.O.U. on Joint Incentives and Discipline for Judgment Defaulters442016.1.20
Memorandum of Understanding on the Implementation of Joint Disciplinary Actions for Entities Responsible for Unlawful and Untrustworthy Listed Companies 222015.12.24.
Memorandum of Cooperation on coordinated oversight and joint disciplinary action against untrustworthy enterprises.382015.9.14
M.O.U on implementing joint incentives and punishments for parties in major tax violation cases212014.12.30.
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Disciplinary Action against Persons Responsible for Untrustworthy Conduct that Seriously Endangers the Normal Order of Medical Care282018.10.17
Memorandum of Cooperation on Joint Discipline of Seriously Untrustworthy Enterprises and Related Personnel in the Field of Statistics272017.5.8
Memorandum of Understanding on of Joint Discipline Against the Entities Responsible for Seriously Violations and Untrustworthess in Overloading Transport Vehicles362017.2.24
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Discipline of Seriously Untrustworthy Production and Business Units and Related Personnel in the Field of Agricultural Materials292017.3
MOU Regarding Joint Punishment of Untrustworthy Persons Involving Finance212017.3.9
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Incentives for Trustworthiness and Joint Punishments for Untrustworthiness in the Electronic Certification Service Industry172017.5
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Disciplinary Actions for Seriously Untrustworthy Persons in the Salt Production and Operations Industry 272017.11
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Punishment of Entities with Seriously Violating and Untrustworthiness in the Field of Domestic Trade and Logistics302017.3.7
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Disciplinary Action against Employers and Related Personnel With Serious Issues of Wages Owed to Migrant Workers302017.5
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Disciplinary Measures against Untrustworthy Customs Enterprises332017.3.14
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Disciplinary Action against Entities Responsible for Untrustworthiness in the Real Estate Sector312017.9.22
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Incentives for Trustworthiness and Joint Punishments for Untrustworthiness for Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Enterprises422018.1.25
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Disciplinary Action Against Entities responsible for Violations of laws and Untrustworthiness in the Insurance Sector312017.8
Memorandum of Cooperation on Joint Punishment of Entities with Responsibility for Serious Untrustworthiness in the Tourism Field262018.5.18
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Discipline of Seriously Untrustworthy Entities in the Field of Foreign Economic Cooperation282017.1
Memorandum of Cooperation on the Implementation of Joint Disciplinary Actions against Market Entities in the Power Industry Seriously Illegal and Untrustworthy Market Entities and Their Relevant Personnel172017.5
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Disciplinary Actions Against Market Entities in the Transport and Logistics Industry for Seriously Illegal and Untrustworthy Market Entities and Their Relevant Personnel202017.8
Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Disciplinary Actions for Untrustworthy Entities with Serious Violations in the Oil and Gas Industry202017.8

 

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