State Council General Office Notice on Issuance of China's Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking (2013-2020)

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State Council General Office Notice on Issuance of China's Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking (2013-2020)

State Council General Office Issuance [2013] No. 19

People’s governments of provinces, autonomous regions, and cities directly under the jurisdiction of central government, and all State Council ministries and commissions and directly managed agencies:

The "Chinese Action Plan Against Human Trafficking (2013-2020)" is hereby released to you having been agreed upon by the State Counsel; please strive to implement it fully.

General Office of the State Council

March 2, 2013

(for public release)

中国反对拐卖人口行动计划(2013—2020年)

China's Action Plan Against Human Trafficking (2013-2020) (hereinafter referred to as the “Action Plan“). is drafted on the basis of relevant international conventions and domestic laws, to effectively prevent and lawfully combat crimes of abducting and trafficking women and children, to actively rescue and appropriately settle victims of trafficking, and to truly protect citizens' lawful rights and interests.

1.Guiding ideology and goals

(1) Guiding Thought.

Raise high the glorious banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, with Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of Three Represents and the Scientific Outlook on Development as guidance, persist in the work directives of "being people-centered, comprehensive governance, emphasizing prevention, and combining prevention with the struggle' to continuously strengthen and innovate in social management, improve policies, implement responsibility, integrate resources, address symptoms and causes, truly safeguard citizens' basic rights, and preserve social harmony and stability as well as our nation's international image.

(2) Overall Goals

Further improve long-term and effective mechanisms for countering human trafficking that integrate prevention, enforcement, aid, and rehabilitation, complete mechanisms for coordinating and ensuring efforts to combat trafficking, refine and implement every measure, resolutely combat and effectively curb trafficking crimes in accordance with law, ensure that trafficked persons promptly receive aid and rehabilitation and appropriate placements.

II. Operational Measures and Division of Responsibilities

(1) Complete crime prevention mechanisms.

1. Work objectives.

Improve the prevention network for human trafficking crimes and comprehensively punish human trafficking activities in key areas and "buyer's markets", to reduce the occurrences of human trafficking.

2. Action Measures.

(1) Strengthen interdepartmental joint action, establishing work mechanisms for the discovery and reporting of trafficking crimes. (Central Public Security Comprehensive Management Commission and Ministry of Justice are responsible, with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Health, and National Population and Family Planning Commission cooperating)

(2) Strengthen efforts to prevent trafficking crimes in key industries and regions for trafficking activities, and among key populations. (The Central Public Security Comprehensive Management Commission is responsible, with the Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Health, Population and Family Planning Commission, the Office of the Working Committees on Children and Women, and the All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

--Strengthen the management of the human resource market, regulating labor demand, employer recruitment, and intermediary activities, and encouraging employers to carry out education and training on trafficking. Establish and improve the system of labor and employment filing, strengthening investigation and law enforcement for labor safeguards, increasing the force of investigation and handling for violations such as illegal occupational intermediaries, use of child labor and persons with intellectual disabilities, and improve mechanisms for interdepartmental coordination. Research the issue of trafficking occurring in the labor market, and carry out targeted prevention efforts. The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security is responsible with the State Administration of Industry and Commerce, National Radio and Television Administration, All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, All-China Women's Federation, and China Disabled Persons' Federation cooperating.

-- Strictly combat violations and crimes of prostitution and solicitation, strengthening public security corrections in desakota and 'urban village' entertainment service venues, improving efforts on education and support for women. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible with the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Health, State Administration of Industry and Commerce, and All-China's Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Expand the force of comprehensive corrections in key areas for trafficking crimes. Basic-level governments and villager(resident) committees are to include the assistance of populations vulnerable to trafficking and prevention of trafficking crimes as key work. (Central Public Security Comprehensive Management Commission and the Ministry of Public Security are responsible with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, Working Committees on Children and Women, Office of Poverty Alleviation, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

--- Strengthen family planning services and birth control management in key areas for trafficking activities, to reduce accidental pregnancies and births that are against policy, and promptly report related circumstances. (Population and Family Planning Commission is responsible with the Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Health cooperating)

-- Increase the force of support for rural populations in young, elderly, or poor areas, carry out channels for entrepreneurship and employment suited to rural areas, increasing poverty alleviation, especially for women. (Poverty Alleviation Office Responsible, with Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, State Ethnic Affairs Commission, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Safeguard the right of all school-aged children and youths to receive 9 years of compulsory education, taking control of student drop outs. (Ministry of Education is responsible with the Communist Youth League Central Committee cooperating)

-- Establish and complete mechanisms for aiding homeless minors, actively using current aid management bodies and welfare bodies to complete placements for homeless minors and abandoned infants, relying on social workers and other professionals to provide services such as psychological counseling, behavioral corrections, technical training, and occupational support. Strengthen aid on the streets, promptly discovering and aiding minors who are homeless and begging or who have been coerced to violate laws and commit crimes. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Housing and Urban and Rural Development, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

--Encourage entrepreneurship and employment for rural women who seek to travel for work, persons with disabilities, unemployed or laid-off urban women, female college students, and rescued women who have been trafficked; implementing each policy for promoting employment, organizing and developing training in practical technical, service skills, entrepreneurship, and employment. The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, State Ethnic Affairs Commission, and China Disabled Persons' Federation are responsible with Communist Youth League Central Committee and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- In areas where migrant or left-behind women are concentrated, give play to the role of Women's mutual aid organizations and women's volunteers, improving functions such as women's hotlines, women's protection stations, women's homes, providing women and children with the ability to counter trafficking. (All-China Women's Federation is responsible, with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Finance, and State Administration of Radio and Television cooperating)

--Strengthen education and reform work on trafficking, to further reduce the rate of recidivism. (Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Public Security responsible)

(3) Increase the force of corrections for 'buyers markets' for trafficking crimes, carrying out comprehensive governance in areas where the purchase of persons occurs more regularly, to reduce trafficking at its source. (Central Public Security Comprehensive Management Commission and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Health, Population and Family Planning Commission, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Vigorously carry out comprehensive governance of the tilted sex ratio of births. (Population and Family Planning Commission is responsible with the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Public Security and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Regulate Work on marriage registrations. Regulate channels for adoption. (Ministry of Civil Affairs responsible)

--Strengthen the management of medical establishments, strictly prohibiting the issuance of false birth certificates for trafficked children, and clarifying medical personnel's obligation to promptly report potential situations of trafficking. (Ministry of Health is responsible with Ministry of Public Security cooperating)

--Carry out revisions of villagers' conventions and training on maintaining women's rights and interests and on promoting the equality of the sexes, eliminate backward ideas such as male superiority and seeking a male heir, increase the education level for girls, ensure that females enjoy equal rights in village land contracting, homestead distributions, distribution of land requisition compensation, and collective income distribution. (All-China Women's Federation and the Ministry of Agriculture are responsible, with the Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Education cooperating)

(4) Further complete efforts on transnational trafficking crimes. Strengthen inspections at ports and management of border crossings, making systems for inspecting persons crossing borders more strict, increasing the extent of inspections for foreigners illegally entering, residing, or working in the nation. Strengthen oversight of the human resources market in border areas, strictly regulating cooperative business activities for foreign labor, lawfully shut down illegal international marriage matchmaking establishments. (The Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Commerce, and Ministry of Foreign Affairs are responsible, with the Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating)

(2) Fight crime and rescue victims of trafficking.

1. Work objectives.

Continuously increase the capacity and level for investigation of trafficking cases, combat trafficking crimes in strict accordance with law, and promptly aid the victims of trafficking.

2. Action Measures.

(1) Continue to organize and carry out special actions on combatting trafficking crimes throughout the nation, further improve counter-trafficking mechanisms in which the public security organs lead the way, relevant departments assist, and the public widely participates. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Supreme People's Court, The Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Population and Family Planning Commission, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating.

-- The relevant departments and units of each level of government are to increase the force of counter-trafficking efforts, clarify the specific burdens of relevant bodies, ensure that there are persons responsible and persons to complete the work, and enhance funding safeguards. (The member units of the State Council Interdepartmental Conference Against Human Trafficking are responsible)

-- All levels of public security organs are to improve working mechanisms for countering trafficking, with the criminal investigation departments leading the way and relevant departments and joint policing forces cooperating, periodically analyzing trends in trafficking, researching improved means of combating, preventing, and controlling trafficking. (Ministry of Public Security responsible)

-- Strictly implement a responsibility system for the investigation of cases of trafficked children. Carry out the '1 chief, 3 duties' responsibility system for cases of trafficked children, with the persons responsible for public security organs at the county level or above serving as the head of a special case group, responsible for investigating cases, aiding trafficked children, and comforting the victims' relatives. The special case group must not withdraw cases that are unsolved. (Ministry of Public Security responsible)

-- Strictly implement mechanisms for rapid location of missing children. After a report of a missing child is received, the public security organs command center is to rapidly consolidate police forces to carry out efforts to intercept and locate them, promptly capturing criminal suspects, and freeing victims. (Ministry of Public Security responsible)

-- Earnestly carry out efforts to trace children whose identities are unknown. Local public security organs are responsible for collecting blood samples from the parents of missing children, testing them and recording them in the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) database for combatting trafficking, and increasing communication with relevant departments, to promptly discover children whose identity is unknown or who are suspected of having been trafficked, and entering their blood tests into the pool. Where children are adopted or children whose identities are unknown are settled, a blood test is to be made and entered and compared with the database, as a strict requirement for the settlement of children. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Population and Family Planning Commission, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Draft procedures for case investigation that fit the characteristics of trafficking crimes and that are suited to the psychology and physiology of victims. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Supreme People's Procuratorate cooperating)

(2i)Strictly punish human trafficking in accordance with law。

-- Resolutely and lawfully punish those with circumstances calling for heavier sentences, such as the leaders of trafficking groups, or those who participated multiple times, trafficked multiple people, and committed other violations and crimes while trafficking, or recidivists. (The Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Public Security are responsible)

-- Resolutely and lawfully punish those who purchase victims of trafficking and use violence, threats, or assembling a crowd to obstruct employees of state institutions in aiding the victim, and who shall be pursued for criminal responsibility in accordance with law. (The Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Public Security are responsible)

-- Strictly pursue the administrative, civil, and criminal responsibility of units and individuals who buy, act as an intermediary, or compel trafficked persons to engage in sexual services or forced labor. Resolutely shut down illegal employment and marriage intermediaries. Lawfully punish those who compel children or persons with disabilities to beg or engage in illegal or criminal activities, promptly locating the victims' families and escorting victims to aid and protection establishments. Improve organ donation systems, giving punishments in accordance with law to those who commit crimes such as stealing organs, tricking or compelling others to donate organs, or organizing the sale of human organs. The Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, and Health Commission are responsible, with the Central Public Security Comprehensive Management Commission, Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Civil Affairs, State Administration of Industry and Commerce, All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, All-China Women's Federation, and China Disabled Persons' Federation cooperating)

--- Reduce or waive penalties in accordance with law for trafficked persons who were tricked, threatened, or compelled to engage in illegal and criminal conduct. (The Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Public Security are responsible)

(3) Further strengthen the establishment of information networks, improve the national DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) database for combatting trafficking, complete mechanisms for collecting and exchanging information, advance information sharing, and increase the level of information technology used in combatting trafficking. (The Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible, with the Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Population and Family Planning Commission, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(4) Rescue trafficked children in accordance with law, and return them to their birth parents. Where the birth parents cannot be located, the public security organs are to provide relevant materials to the civil affairs departments to make an appropriate placement; families that purchased the children must not continue to raise them. (Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible)

(3) Strengthen efforts to rescue, place, and rehabilitate trafficked persons and for having them reenter society.

1. Work objectives.

Safeguard the lawful rights and interests of trafficked persons, strengthen efforts such as to rescue, place, and rehabilitate trafficked persons and integrate them into families and communities, and assist them in smoothly reentering society. Protect the privacy of trafficked persons so that they avoid having a second harm.

2. Action Measures.

(1) Further strengthen coordination and cooperation on aiding trafficked persons between regions, departments, and institutions. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs is responsible, with the Central Public Security Comprehensive Management Commission, and Ministry of Public Security cooperating)

(2) Regulate procedures for efforts on the rescue, placement, rehabilitation, and re-entry of trafficked persons, draft policies and measures on placing trafficked children whose birth parents cannot be found, promote their return to their families and their healthy growth. (The Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible, with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Finance, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(3) Improve mechanisms for the rescue, placement, and rehabilitation of trafficked persons in which multiple government departments cooperate and that are supported by all aspects of society, increasing the level of services at aid management stations, women's homes, welfare institutions, and other such institutions. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs is responsible, with the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Public Security, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Fully use existing social aid and social welfare facilities to provide aid and rehabilitation service, and ensure the required personnel and funds, so that trafficked persons receive aid and placements suited to their physical and psychological traits, age, and sex. (Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Finance are responsible, with the Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, and China Disabled Persons' Federation cooperating)

-- Bring professional social work services into efforts to give temporary aid and rehabilitation to trafficked persons, encourage relevant social organizations, enterprises, public institutions, and individuals to provide funding, technical support, and professional services for the rescue of trafficked persons. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs is responsible with the All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, All-China Women's Federation, and China Disabled Persons' Federation cooperating)

-- Designate medical establishments to provide basic medical services and physical and psychological rehabilitation services for trafficked persons. (Ministry of Health is responsible with Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating)

-- Increase trafficked persons' awareness of the law and protecting rights through activities such as training and education. Legal aid institutions are to provide legal aid to eligible victims of trafficking. (The Ministry of Justice is responsible with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Public Security, All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(4) strengthening social concern and helping victims of trafficking reenter society.

-- Ensure that school-aged children who have been rescued enroll and re-enter school, and adjust to their new lives. . (Ministry of Education is responsible with Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating)

-- Provide appropriate employment services, such as vocational-technical training, guidance, and intermediary services for trafficked persons 16 years old or older who cannot or do not wish to return to their former residence, and help them find employment in another area. (The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security is responsible, with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- While maintaining personal privacy, further complete efforts on the trafficked person and their families and communities, ensuring that trafficked persons who are willing to return to their former residence can smoothly reenter their families and communities. . (The Ministry of Civil Affairs is responsible, with the Communist Youth League Central Committee and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(5) Provide necessary services to trafficked persons reentering society, truly assisting them in resolving issues in employment, living, and preserving their rights. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Justice, and Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security are responsible, with the Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(6) Further strengthen efforts on the registration, management, and protection of rescued victims of trafficking, establishing and improving designated archives, following up to learn about their living situation, and actively coordinating relevant departments and organizations to resolve difficulties. . (The Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs are responsible with the All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(7) Further strengthen research into the area of physical and psychological harm to victims of trafficking to find more effective means of rehabilitative treatment. (The Ministry of Health is responsible, with the Ministry of Education, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(4) Improve the system of laws, regulations and policies.

1. Work objectives.

In consideration of current trends in trafficking crimes and the work needs, research, draft, and revise relevant laws, regulations, and policies, to provide support to counter-trafficking efforts.

2. Action Measures.

(1) Revise relevant laws and regulations to further complete the legal system for countering trafficking. (The Office of Legislative Affairs is responsible, with the Legislative affairs committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

--- Improve relevant laws and expand the force of combatting the purchase of trafficked persons. (The legislative affairs committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress is responsible, with the Office of Legislative Affairs, Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Public Security cooperating)

-- Improve regulations related to the rescue of trafficked persons, truly safeguarding their lawful rights and interests. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs and the Office of Legislative Affairs are responsible, with the Legislative affairs committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and the All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Improve the systems for temporary guardianship and oversight of guardianship, further promoting minors' parents or other guardians' provision of a positive family environment and family education for the healthy development of minors in accordance with law. Research and draft specific procedures for the transfer of guardianship to avoid harm to minors from having guardians lose their guardianship capacity or violate their rights. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs and the Office of Legislative Affairs are responsible, with the Legislative affairs committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Ministry of Education, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and the All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(2) Draft and improve relevant policies to promote the use of information technology, regulation, and institutionalization of efforts to prevent and combat human trafficking and in rescue and rehabilitation work. (The member units of the State Council Interdepartmental Conference Against Human Trafficking are responsible)

(5) Strengthen publicity, education, and training.

1. Work objectives.

Strengthen recognition of the importance of human trafficking in all levels of government and their relevant departments, and all parts of society, mobilizing broad participation in combatting trafficking from the whole of society. Strengthen education, training, and theoretical research to increase capacity for combatting trafficking.

2. Action Measures.

(1) Carry out publicity and education through multiple channels and in multiple forms, emphasizing carrying out counter-trafficking education and rule of law publicity in key areas for trafficking and among vulnerable populations, enhancing the public's awareness of countering tracking. (The Ministry of Public Security and Publicity Department of the CCCPC are responsible, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Culture, Population and Family Planning Commission, State Radito and Television Administration, Ministry of Transport, State Administration of News and Publication, Working Committees on Children and Women, All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-china Women's Federation cooperating.

-- Include education on trafficking in the teaching activities of primary and secondary schools and secondary vocational schools. increasing students' awareness of self-protection. Clarify teachers' obligation to report any discovered situations of suspected trafficking in school management systems. (Responsibility of the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Justice)

-- Strengthen education and training on countering trafficking for migrant or left-behind children and their guardians. (Ministry of Education. Ministry of Public Security and the All-China Women's Federation are responsible)

-- Include publicity and education on countering trafficking in social management efforts, increasing community members', especially women's, children's, and the parents or other guardians of minors', awareness of and ability to counter domestic violence. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Public Security, and All-China Women's Federation are responsible, with the Ministry of Education, State Ethnic Affairs Commission, and Ministry of Justice cooperating)

-- Periodically carry out special publicity actions against trafficking in train stations, bus stations, airports, ports, entertainment venues, hotels, and so forth, and include content on countering trafficking in routine publicity; mobilize and encourage staff in the transport industry and entertainment venues and hotels, etc., to promptly report suspected situations of trafficking. (Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Railways, Civil Aviation Administration are responsible, with the Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Justice, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

--- Strengthen publicity and education for the public in border regions, increasing the public's awareness of countering trafficking, ability to recognize crimes, and ability to protect themselves. (The Ministry of Justice is responsible with the Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Civil Affairs, and Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Develop publicity materials in ethnic minority languages, to carry out counter-trafficking publicity and education in regions where minorities are concentrated. (The State Ethnic Affairs Commission, News and Publication Administration, Ministry of Culture, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation are responsible)

-- Develop publicity materials suited to the traits of persons with disabilities, increasing persons with disabilities' counter-trafficking awareness and ability to protect themselves. (The China Disabled Persons' Federation is responsible, with the Ministry of Culture, State Administration of News and Publication, Communist Youth League Central Committee, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(2) Mobilize social forces to support and participate in efforts to counter-trafficking. Establish a system of rewards for reporting trafficking crimes, actively cultivating a volunteer corps against trafficking, relying on Weibo and other networks and media to open up the sources of leads. (The member units of the State Council Interdepartmental Conference Against Human Trafficking are responsible)

(3) Strengthen the education and training of all persons working in counter-trafficking and the professional establishment of counter-trafficking work teams, to increase their capacity to implement the Action Plan. (The member units of the State Council Interdepartmental Conference Against Human Trafficking are responsible)

-- Include laws, regulations, and policies on protecting the rights and interests of women and children and on countering trafficking in the content of education and training, to increase the capacity and level of investigation, prosecution, and trial of trafficking crimes. (The Ministry of Public Security, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Supreme People's Court are responsible)

-- Strengthen education and training for public security and judicial personnel in border regions, increasing their awareness and ability to prevent and combat trafficking crimes. (The Ministry of Public Security, Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, and Ministry of Justice are responsible)

-- Strengthen education and training for persons engaged in efforts to rescue trafficked persons, increasing capacity and force of aid efforts. (The Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Health are responsible with the All-China Federation of Labor Unions, Communist Youth League Central Committee, All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(6) Strengthen international cooperation.

1. Work objectives.

Effectively prevent and strictly combat transnational trafficking, and strengthen rescue of persons trafficked across borders. Actively participate in discussions and consultations with the international community on issues related to combatting trafficking, presenting the methods and accomplishments of our nation in countering trafficking, establishing a positive international image.

2. Action Measures.

(1) Strengthen international exchanges and cooperation on countering trafficking. (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Ministry of Commerce cooperating)

(2) Make full use of resources and technology from relevant international organizations and strengthen the establishment of international counter-trafficking programs and introduction work. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Commerce cooperating)

-- Actively participate in all international counter-trafficking mechanisms such as the Greater Mekong Subregion COMMIT process. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Legal Affairs Commission of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the Supreme People's Court, The Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Commerce, Working Committees on Children and Women, and All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

-- Strengthen exchanges and cooperation with international immigration organizations, the United Nations Children's Fund, the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, and other international organizations and nations, to jointly carry out counter-trafficking training, learn of developing trends in international trafficking and response measures, and present out nation's achievements in countering trafficking. (The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Commerce are responsible with the All-China Women's Federation cooperating)

(3) Strengthen cooperation in international policing, making full use of channels such as bilateral, multilateral, and international criminal policing organizations, carry out investigative cooperation and intelligence information exchanges in countering transnational trafficking, giving play to the role of border police liaison mechanisms, to jointly combat transnational trafficking crimes. (The Ministry of Public Security is responsible, with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Justice cooperating)

(4) Strengthen cooperation with relevant source countries and international organizations, promptly rescuing and receiving Chinese nationals that were trafficked abroad, and provide them with necessary services. (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Public Security are responsible, with the Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating)

(5) Strengthen cooperation with relevant source countries for trafficking and international organizations, to promptly discover and rescue persons trafficked to China, improve mechanisms for efforts to rescue victims of transnational trafficking, complete efforts on transition and rehabilitation, and safely repatriate them. (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Public Security, Development and Reform Commission are responsible, with the Ministry of Civil Affairs cooperating)

(6) Earnestly perform and make full use of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its supplemental Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, and steadily advance the conclusion of judicial assistance and extradition treaties with other countries, particularly neighboring countries, to further expand the international network of judicial cooperation to combat trafficking. (The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible, with the Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security, and Ministry of Justice cooperating)

III. Safeguard Measures

(1) Strengthen Organizational Coordination. The Inter-ministerial Joint Conference of the State Council on Countering Trafficking is to strengthen organizational leadership and overall coordination, formulate and improve policy measures, and promptly study and resolve outstanding problems and challenges. The general office of the inter-ministerial joint conference is responsible for coordinating and organizing oversight and inspections of the implementation of the Action Plan, carrying out periodic and final assessments, and establishing a supervisor and warning system for key cases and areas for countering trafficking. Local governments at the county level or above should gradually establish coordination mechanisms to organize and coordinate, guide and inspect counter-trafficking work, and draft local detailed implementation rules for the Action Plan and annual implementation plans. Member units of all levels of counter-trafficking mechanisms at all levels should closely cooperate, draft implementation plans for that department or unit on the basis of the tasks and division of labor, and carry out self-inspections and assessments.

(2) Improve safeguards for expenses. All levels of government are to include costs for implementation of the Action Plan in their budgets. Encourage social organizations, public interest bodies, enterprises, public institutions, and individuals to raise money through various channels such as donations and international aid.

(3) Strictly evaluate and oversee. Include counter-trafficking in social management and comprehensive governance evaluations and in the target management and evaluation system for relevant departments and institutions, sending evaluation results to the departments in charge of cadres to be an important basis for the comprehensive evaluation and assessment of leadership and leading cadres. Commendations and awards are to be given to departments and regions with effective measures and notable accomplishments in countering trafficking. The responsibility of relevant personnel is to be pursued in accordance with laws and discipline in areas where trafficking crimes is serious and the efforts to prevent and combat it are inadequate, and totally rejected in social management and comprehensive governance

 

 

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