The core content of recently released companion Provisions aiming to prevent improper interference in the courts and justice system are summarized in the CHART BELOW. The first document is aimed at preventing interference from leading cadres, while the second focuses on interference internal to the judicial organs, including the courts, procuratorates and public security organs. full translations can be found HERE and HERE.
In China the question of whether a person is excused from criminal punishment by reason of mental incapacity is determined by an expert forensic evaluator who is a trained psychiatrist. There are about 2000 forensic psychiatric evaluators for all of China. The defense has no right to request an evaluation or hire his own experts, but may informally as that police, prosecutors or the courts do so. Their evaluation is rarely challenged, and many persons found ‘criminally insane’ will simply be released to their families. I guess, it’s clear why one would want to bribe them