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2014 Work Report of the Supreme People’s Court, by Court President Zhou Qiang


President of the Supreme People's Court, Zhou Qiang:

Delegates: I will now make a work report to the General Assembly on behalf of the Supreme People's Court for your deliberation and approval, and we ask every member of the CPPCC for comments

Principle Work of 2013

In 2013, the Supreme People's Court, under the strong leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping and the Party Central Committee, and under the supervision of the National People's Congress and its standing committee, have tightly centered around the goal of 'letting the people feel fairness and justice from every judicial case, and has adhered to the overall service picture, a judiciary for the people and judicial fairness; faithfully performing the duties provided by the constitution and laws, and making progress in all areas of work. The Supreme People's Court accepted 11,016 cases, and tried 9,716 to conclusion, increases of 3.2% and 1.6% respectively from 2012. local courts of all levels accepted 14.217 million cases and completed trial and enforcement in 12.947 million case, increases of 7.4% and 4.4% respectively Making a contribution to the establishment of a peaceful China with rule of law, by fully performing professional duties.

I. , Punishing crime, protecting human rights, resolving conflicts, and maintaining social stability and harmony in accordance with the law

Crimes of endangering national security and social stability were punished in accordance with law. Courts at all levels concluded 954,000 first instance criminal cases, convicting 1.158 million persons. The incitement of separatism, violent terrorist attacks and other crimes endangering national security and public safety were severely punished ; Crimes endangering the people's security in their lives and property crime were severely punished with 250,000 cases of crimes such as homicide, robbery, kidnapping, bombings, rape, trafficking in women and children, and crimes by mafia type organizations being tried to completion, and 325,000 persons convicted.

The Supreme People's Court, together with relevant departments, issued guiding opinions on punishing sex crimes against children and to endangering the safety of campus crime accordance with the law, strengthening the protection of minors. Issued judicial interpretations on handling criminal cases of larceny, extortion, theft and other crimes, with courts of all levels concluding trial in 303,000 cases of property violations, and convicting 398,000 persons. Issued judicial opinions on picking quarrels and causing disturbances, fabricating or transmitting false terrorist information and other such crimes, guiding local courts in the correct trial of such cases, and punishing crimes that undermine social order in accordance with law. Issued judicial interpretations on crimes that use information networks to carry out defamation and other crimes, unifying the application of the law, fighting the criminal use of the networks to create or spread rumors and safeguarding the wholesome network environment. Punished unlawful and criminal conduct disturbing the order of medical treatment in accordance with law, truly protecting medical personnel and expanding patients' lawful rights and interests. Clarified standards for 'drunk driving' with courts of all levels completing trial of 90,000 cases of dangerous driving. Actively participated in the struggle against drugs, completing trial in 95,000 drug cases, sentencing 99,000 persons. The Supreme People's Court earnestly performed its work of reviewing death sentences, vigorously enforcing cases' factual, evidentiary, and legal hurdles, ensuring that the death penalty is only used against criminals in an extremely small number of criminal offenses where the consequences are extremely serious.

Economic crimes, crimes of bribery and corruption, and crimes of dereliction of duty were punished in accordance with law. Issued guiding opinions on handling criminal cases such as the organizing or leading of pyramid schemes, with courts of all levels completing trial in 50,000 cases of pyramid schemes, smuggling, money laundering, illegal fund-raising, financial fraud, insider trading, commercial bribery and other economic crimes, sentencing 69,000 persons. Fully brought into play the the role of criminal trials in punishing corruption, increasing the strength of the attack on crimes such as corruption and bribery, completing trial in 29,000 cases of corruption and bribery or dereliction of duty by state personnel, and convicting 31,000 people, including Bo Xilai's case of accepting bribes, corruption and abuse of office and Liu Zhijun's case of accepting bribes and abuse of office, and a wave of other major cases; promoting the further development of the struggle against corruption.

Crimes of endangering food safety or polluting the environment were punished in accordance with law. Actively responding to the masses' concerns, a judicial interpretation was released regarding handling of crimes endangering food safety, and courts of all levels completed trial in 2,082 related cases, convicting 2,647 persons. A judicial interpretation regarding handling crimes of polluting the environment was issued, increasing the strength of punishment for crimes of polluting the environment. Released typical case examples such as that of Wang Changbing's production and sale of poisonous food and Hu Wenbiao and Ding Yuesheng's releasing harmful substances to pollute the environment, to deter criminals.

Resolutely prevented and corrected unjust, false and wrongfully decided cases. Respecting and protecting human rights; abiding by principles such as nullum crimen sine lege, not convicting where a case is in doubt, and evidence-based judgments and strictly excluding illegal evidence, courts declared 825 defendants to be not-guilty, ensuring that innocent people are not criminally pursued. Strengthened communication with the lawyers associations, putting a high level of importance on issues reflected by the associations' and lawyers' feeback, and respected and protecting lawyers lawful performance of their duties. A wave of unjust, false and wrongfully decided cases was corrected in decisive fashion, such as that of the murder-rape case of uncle and nephew Zhang, taking profound lessons from the wrongful cases, strengthening the review of evidence, bringing into play the role of court trials, dividing labor with, mutually cooperating with and mutually checking the public security and procuratorate organs, establishing and completing mechanisms for vigilance against unjust, false and wrongfully decided cases, resolutely upholding the bottom line of preventing unjust, false and wrongfully decided cases.

Properly resolved social contradictions. Adhered to the principles of lawfullness and voluntariness to standardize judicial mediation, with courts of all levels handling 4.798 million cases through mediation and withdrawal of litigation. Supported the role of arbitration bodies in accordance with law, completing enforcement of 133,000 arbitration decisions. Strengthened mediation efforts in civil lawsuits attached to criminal cases and improved the criminal victim assistance system, protecting the legitimate rights and interests of victims. Actively participated in social governance, completed mechanisms for linking litigation and non-litigation dispute resolution mechanisms, increased pre-litigation mediation efforts to uphold and develop the "Fengqiao Experience", guiding aingnd support people's mediation, to resolve a a large number of conflicts disputes at the basic level and before litigation, promoting social harmony.

II. Handled all types of economic cases in accordance with law, promoting the sustainable healthy development of the economy

Strengthened work on commercial judgements. Equally protected the lawful rights and interests of all types of market bodies in accordance with law, so as to accelerate the transformation of the means economic development and provide judicial safeguards while realizing economic progress and maintaining stability, the courts of all levels concluded 3,957,000 first-instance commercial cases Issued a judicial interpretation on enterprise bankruptcies, standardizing bankruptcy procedures and protecting the fair compensation of creditors; courts of all levels completed 1998 cases of enterprise bankruptcy. Issued judicial interpretations on the Insurance Law and on export credit insurance, and courts of all levels concluded trial in 714,000 cases of financial disputes such as on insurance, securities and negotiable instruments. Strengthened the judicial response to new situations and new issues in economic and social development, and earnestly researched the legal questions surrounding areas such as the actual service economy and private lending to promptly provide judicial suggestions and actively protect against and resolve risk.

Strengthened work in Intellectual property rights judgments. Protected patents , copy rights and trademarks in accordance with law, increasing judicial protection of intellectual property on the web and cracking down on improper competition and monopolistic conduct, maintaining a fair trade market environment, promoting the establishment of a national innovation system, with courts of all levels completing 100,000 first-instance intellectual property rights cases. Actively participated in the campaign to fight violations of intellectual property rights and the production and sale fake and shoddy goods, published a white paper on the status of judicial protection of intellectual property rights and typical cases, establishing a positive image of intellectual property rights in China.

Strengthened, work in admiralty and commercial maritime judgments, judicial communication and cooperation involving foreign interests, Hong Kong , Macao and Taiwan. Equally protected the lawful rights and interests of foreign and Chinese parties, promoted the development of the open economy, courts at all levels completed first-instance trials in 5,364 cases involving Hong Kong, Macao or Taiwan, and 11,000 cases of admiralty or commercial maritime cases. Properly heard marine pollution, resource development and other such cases, safeguarding the nation's maritime rights and interests. Attached great importance to work on judgements concerning Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and overseas Chinese, protecting the lawful rights and interests of compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan and of returned overseas Chinese. Actively developed judicial communication and cooperation with Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and relevant countries, promoting the holding of top level cross-strait judicial forum including Hong Kong and Macao, handled 13,000 international or cross-region judicial assistance cases such as delivering documents, investigations and evidence collection or recognizing judgments.

III. Persisting in a Justice Sector for the people, protecting the lawful rights and interests of the people in accordance with law

Strengthened civil trial work. Protected and improved people's livelihood in accordance with law, courts of all levels concluded first-instance trial in 3.554 million civil cases. Issued judicial interpretations on labor controversies and food/ medical disputes and guiding opinions such as that strengthening judicial protection of consurmers' lawful rights and interests, and courts of all levels completed trial in 537,000 cases in areas such as physical injury, labor employment, education, medical treatment, housing and consumerism. Paid great attention on work in the "three rurals" , safeguarding the rights and interests of farmers and promoting agricultural development, completed trial in 203,000 cases involving transfer of rural land use rights, homestead disputes, wage arrears for migrant rural workers and other such cases . Attached great importance to protecting the lawful rights and interests of rural 'left-behind' [by migrant workers who have gone to the cities] elderly persons, women, children and persons with disabilities, concluding trial in 1.612 million family court cases conclusion of marriage and family, care and inheritance cases, promoting family harmony. Completed 2,464 cases of resource development and environmental protection, promoting environmental public interest litigation, and promoting the construction of beautiful China. Placed great attention on work protecting rights involving the military, hearing cases related to the military, built sound organizations and work mechanisms for adjudicating cases related to the military, protect the natiion's defense interests and the lawful rights and interests of soldiers and their families.

Strengthened administrative trial and national compensation works. Heard administrative litigation cases in accordance with law, protecting the lawful rights and interests of citzens, legal persons and other organizations, promoting lawful administration by the administrative organs, with courts of all levels completing first-instance trial in 121,000 administrative litigation cases. Administrative cases of home demolitions were properly heard in accordance with law, both protecting the lawful rights of interests of those whose homes were demolished and also supporting improvement of the local environment and economic development. Strengthened work such as coordination in administrative cases and non-litigious administrative enforcement, to promote resolution of administrative conflicts. Promptly gave feedback to administrative organs regarding prominent problems discovered during trial work, promoting good interaction between the judiciary and administrative organs. Put forward an opinion, together with the Ministry of Justice, on strengthening compensation in legal aid cases, ensuring the right of persons in difficulties to exercise their right to seek compensation. Released a judicial interpretation on procedures for examination of evidence when hearing state compensation cases, ensuring the fairness and transparency of state compensation procedures. Courts of all levels concluded trial in 2045 state compensation cases, with 87,352,000 yuan in compensation decisions.

Resolved the demands of public petitioning related to litigation in accordance with law. Strengthened public perceptions and the source of governance to establish long-term mechanisms and persisted in drawing down the center and continuously strengthened efforts on petitioning involving litigation. The Supreme People's Court established roaming supervisory collegial panels that bring cases down to their source, promoting resolution of problems in the area they arose. Courts at all level received a total of 539,000 petitioning visitors, a decrease of 10.2%. Promoted reform of work mechanisms for petitioning involving litigation, improved mechanisms for the separation of petitions and litigation and for the finality of judgments, and promoted the participation of lawyers and other 3 parties in resolving petitioning cases. Strengthened trial supervision, ensuring the parties' rights to appeals and retrials, completing trial of 116,000 cases of appeals or requests for retrial, and initiating retrial in 30,000 cases and changed judgments in 7,415 cases where the original judgment was truly in error or there were other statutory grounds-- these account for .09% of effective judgments.

Vigorously solved the problem of difficulties in enforcement. Courts of all levels accepted 2.989 million enforcement cases, and completed enforcement in 2.718 case, respective increases of 14% and 10%, and of these, 21,000 completed cases were long pending cases involving Party or Government organs, The total amount of enforced judgements was 2.56 billion yuan. Late last year a special concentrated enforcement action on cases impacting the people's lives was launched, completing enforcement in 30,000 cases for a sum of 1.14 billion yuan. Established a system for listing those with failing to pay on judgments, publicly disclosing them; and with the support of the central culture office and public security, SASAC, SAIC, CBRC, Civil Aviation Administration, China Railway corporation and others, imposed credit discipline on 72,000 persons who were failing to make payment on a judgment, and about 20% of these persons actively performed on their obligations. Comprehensively promoted management of financial organizations and national land resources, established a system, together with the Industrial and commerce administration and other enforcement assistance departments, for "point-to-point" network enforcement review and control mechanisms , intensifying the strength of efforts against non enforcement of judgments. Promoted the establishment of the enforcement command center, integrated enforcement resources to improve the efficiency of enforcement Innovated in models of enforcement auctions, held judicial auctions online, reducing the costs of auctions and increasing creditors' repayment rates.

Facilitated litigation by the public. As appropriate for local conditions, advanced the litigation guides, advance case filing, electronic delivery, roaming case handling, remote video courtrooms and other such programs, strengthened the establishment of standards for the case-filing petitioning window, and strove to remove obstacles to the public in case-filing, trial, enforcement and petitioning. Promoted the establishment of people's courts, facilitating the public's litigation in their area. Strengthened work such as making risks clear and answering questions after judgments, to guide rational action by the parties. Applied speedy trial procedures for simple cases involving small amounts, to reduce the litigation burden on parties. Increased the strength of Judicial assistance with courts at all levels reducing litigation fees of parties with difficulties by 190 million yuan.

IV. Deepening Judicial Openness and promoting judicial fairness

Efforts to increase public trials. Actively promoted a sunshine judiciary, fully and objectively disclosing case facts, evidence on which verdicts were based, and the reasoning behind decisions . to advance the masses' knowledge and understanding of court judgments and manifest the civility and dignity of the rule of law. Built Chinese the court hearings broadcast network, with courts of all levels live broadcasting court hearings from cases 45,000 times. The Supreme People's Court paid achieved excellent results through the live broadcast of cases of social concern across multiple media, and the Jinan Intermediate Court used live microblogging to broadcast the entire course of the Bo Xilai court proceedings.

Accelerated the placement of judicial opinions online. Put forward the People's Court's Provisions for the Release of Judgment Opinons on the Internet, established the China Judical Opinions network, the Supreme People's Court released 3858 effective judgments, and local courts of all levels released 1,646,000 opinions, the court posted on local levels take effect 1,646,000 copies referee instruments, giving full play to the judgment opinions utility in publicizing legal knowledge, guiding social norms, standardizing popular behavior, and establishing the proper orientation, transmitting the positive energy of the rule of law while also urging judges to raise their professional competence and the level of the judiciary.

Innovated a new model of judicial transparency. Strengthened the establishment of three major platforms for information disclosure- disclosure of trial process, disclosure of judgments, and disclosure of enforcement information, comprehensively promoting openness in case filing, hearings enforcements, evidentiary hearings, documents, and trial matters, preventing against creating an operational 'black-box'. Strengthened the establishment of the Supreme People's Court's Government Affairs website, launched the Supreme People's Court Weibo, We Chat and news client accounts, builiding a 'Weibo dipatch room' for the whole nation's courts, to promptly announce and disclose information on trial and enforcement to society, and facilitate the public's understanding of the court's work through new media. Carried out themed 'open day' activities, inviting People's Representatives, members of CPPC, the public, and children to come into the courts, come closer to judges, and see court work right up close.

Strengthened the technical support of open justice. Drafted a 5 year development plan for the informationalization of the people's courts, promoting the people's court's information network 'balance project' comprehensively elevating the level of informatics in the courts. Constructed technical courtrooms, promoting the full audio-video recording of trial proceedings. The Supreme People's Court established an information management center to advance the integrated use of information resources from the four levels of people's courts, to provide a technological assurance for judicial transparency.

V. Promoting Judicial Reform, Strengthening supervision and guidance, elevating judicial standards

Reformed operational mechanisms for trial work. Actively promoted reform of operational mechanisms for adjudication rights and reform of work mechanisms for petitions involving litigation, cooperated in the abolition of the Laojiao system, and explored simplified disposition mechanisms for handling minor criminal cases. Guided the establishment of specialized court divisions and provided judicial assurances and services to the Shanghai Free trade experimental region. Supported Zhuhai Hengqin, Shenzhen Qian Hai and other areas to lead the way with new trials in exploring the establishment of a new models for court work. Advanced efforts in standardizing sentencing and drafted guiding opinions on sentencing in frequently seen crimes, promoting openness,transparency, fairness and justice in sentencing.

Strengthened the work of people's assessors. Promoted judicial democratization, opening channels for the public's participation and supervision of trial work, with courts of all levels organizing for people's assessors to participate in adjudication of 1,695,000 cases, which is 73.2% of first instance cases following the standard procedures. Initiated the people's assessor's 'multiplier plan', increasing the ranks of candidates to be people's assessors by 38,000 people. Standardized the method and process by which people's assessors participate in adjudication, strengthening their work and elevating the capacity of people's assessors to perform their duties. Sent a special report to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on the work of people's assessors and earnest implementation of their deliberative suggestions, promoting the healthy development of people's assessors' efforts.

Strengthened supervisory guidance and trial management. Drafted opinions on developing judicial practice for the people, on strengthening judicial fairness and improving judicial credibility; supervised and guided local courts at all levels in raising the quality and efficacy of judgments. Strengthened the drafting and tidying efforts for judicial interpretations, and released 28 judicial interpretations, fully bringing the function of judicial interpretations into play and promoting the development of reforms, ensuring citizens' rights and interests and promoting social advancement. Released 14 Guiding Cases, unifying the judgment standards for cases of the same type. Strengthened management of case quality review and trial time limits, standardized hearing of commutation and parole cases, strictly enforced the requirements for use and procedures for temporary serving sentences outside of prison, promoting a highly effective judicial fairness. In 91.1% of cases of all types, the party served the sentence and ended the suit after the first instance trial, and that percentage reaches 98.6% after the second instance trial.

VI. Persisted in strict management, strengthening the establishment of the court ranks

Solidly launched the Party's mass line educational practice actions. Earnestly studied the spirit of General Secretary XI Jinping's series of important remarks, strengthening objective awareness and public perception. Persisted in opening the doors to hold activities, and seriously listened to public comments and recommendations through methods such as thorough research at the basic level and public solicitation of comments. Strictly implemented the the main spirit of the Center's 8 points, strengthening the construction of judicial work styles, publicly disclosing disciplinary cases, resolutely investigating and resolving issues of four misconducts in the court system. Tightly focused on prominent problems reflected by the public in areas such as case- filing, trials and enforcement, formulating 31 corrective measures and meeting success at this phase.

Strengthened the establishment of disciplining for for work style issues and anti-corruption. Launched intensive education activities on judicial integrity, reported the investigation conditions in cases such as that of the 4 Shanghai judges whose conduct violated law and disciplinary rules, so as to use classic negative examples as warning examples. Put forward a further strengthened opinion on disciplined work styles, persisted in giving the judicial ranks strict education, strict management and strict supervision. Promulgated the "10 Prohibitions", and conducted a special review of the implementation of the Center's 8 provisions. As for violations in the allotment and use of public vehicles, special management and clearing up of court leaders and adjudicators working in enterprises part time was launched. Actively launched roaming inspections and supervisory review of trial affairs. Improved mechanisms for good governance prevention and control, strengthening institutional constraints, completing a line of supervision and defense that provides "advance warning, real-time supervision, and careful review after the fact." Strictly enforced the "five prohibitions' truly increasing the force of review in cases of disciplinary violations and unlawful conduct. The case of former general secretary of the Supreme People's Court investigation consultative committee, Liu Yong, accepting bribes, was sent to the judiciary for disposition. Courts at all levels found 381 persons with disciplinary violations or violations of law to abuse adjudicatory or enforcement powers, and of these, 101 were pursued for criminal responsibility.


Improved the political and operational quality of the court ranks. Strengthened education on ideals and convictions, continuously maintaining firm politics. Promoted separate management of judicial personnel by type and the reform of the professional systems for judges and clerks, and improved mechanisms for recruiting and selecting judges. Pulled high level talent from law school and the ranks of lawyers to improve the composition of the judicial ranks. Trained 365 newly appointed court presidents at the intermediate or basic level, and trained 510,000 judges and other staff. Selected outstanding judge to give a lecture tour in 12 midwestern provinces, continuing bilingual training of judges in minority areas, to strengthen assistance to courts in areas such as Tibet, Qinghai and Xinjiang. Employed such advanced demonstrative examples as Song Yushui, Cheng Yanping, Zhan Gongli and Zhai Shuquan to stimulate judicial fairness, and the judiciary for the people. In courts at all levels, 430 groups and 451 individuals received commendations and awards from the central authorities relevant departments.

7. Proactively accept supervision, continuously improve work

Consciously accepted the supervision of the National People's Congress. The Supreme People's Court has earnestly reported its work to the National People's Congress, actively cooperated in developing special research, law enforcement and investigation topics, and earnestly listened to the comments and recommendations of the relevant departments in each provincial people's congress. Followed the requests of the National People's Congress, strengthened efforts for keeping and organizing judicial interpretations, and annulled 558 judicial interpretations and normative documents. After the close of the first session of the 12th National People's Congress , the Supreme People's Court earnestly researched the representatives' deliberative comments and one by one began corrections and implementation. Strengthened regular communication with representatives by actively reporting work conditions, opening a network platform for communication with the National People's Congress and the National Political Legal Committee, inviting representatives and committee member to participate in inspect, research and observe trials and other activities, and visiting some representatives to hear their comments in person. Earnestly handled 189 recommendations from National People's Congress representatives to continuously advance all aspects of court work.

Conscientiously accepted the democratic supervision of the CPPCC and the democratic parties,Federation of Industry and Commerce , and persons with no party affiliation. Actively informed the C.P.P.C.C of work conditions, handling 84 cases sent by the C.P.P.C.C Increased connections and communication with the democracy parties, the federation of Industry and Commerce and persons with no party, by means such as investigative visits, holding symposia, joint development of major research topics, strengthen ties with all democratic parties, industry and Commerce and personages without party affiliation to communicate.

Actively accepted the trial supervision of the procuratorate organs. Earnestly addressed prosecution recommendations submitted by the procuratorate, and worked with the Supreme People's Procuratorate to draft legal opinions on the final review of death penalty cases; supporting and cooperating with procuratorate organs to perform the duty of supervision of litigation in accordance with law. Tried cases of prosecutorial appeals submitted by the procuratorate against effective rulings in accordance with law, jointly preserving judicial fairness.

Broadly accepted societal supervision. Completed mechanisms for communication of popular opinion, improved systems for communication with the basic level, established and launched a 'Court President's Mailbox' and 'Leave a Note for the Justices" feature on the Supreme People's Court government service website, to earnestly handle incoming communications from the public and broadly hear opinions of the public. The Supreme People's Court hired the second session of 42 special supervisory personnel and actively heard opinions and recommendations. Consciously accepted supervision by public opinion and actively responded to social concerns.

Delegates, the development and improvement of the people's courts over the last year is the success of the firm leadership of General Secretary Comrade Xi Jinping's Party Central Committee, the supervision of the National People's Congress and it's Standing Committee, the strong support of the State Council, and the care, support and assistance of the CPPCC, all the democratic parties, the industrial commercial federation, persons without parties, social groups and local party committees, people's congresses, governments political consultative confrerences, and representatives from all walks of life, and the representatives of the national people's congress and CPPCC. Here, I express my heartfelt thanks on behalf of the Supreme Court!

We clearly recognize that remain many problems and challenges in the people's courts: One is that some cases the judgments are unfair and there is low efficacy, harming the parties rights and interests and also judicial credibility. Second is that in a few courts there remain difficulties in filing cases, litigation, enforcement and other such problems, so there is still quite a way to go in terms of fulfilling the public's requests of the judiciary. Third is that institutional mechanisms ensuring the scientific development of the the people's courts are still not sufficiently complete, and institutional mechanisms guaranteeing the people's courts' independent exercise of adjudication powers in accordance with law are still imperfect. Fourth, the management of some courts is still bears a strong administrative color, influencing the quality and efficacy of trials. Fifth is a minority of cadres with severe bureaucratism and notions of privelege, non-standardized judicial conduct, and incivility, who are cold and harsh to the parties and accept meals, some even practice twist or ignore the law for favoritism or graft, and the public reaction is heated. Sixth is that with the increase in the number of cases, pressure on the courts has been increasingly large; some courts have many cases with few staff and problems such as staff turnover and judicial schisms remain quite serious; the work conditions in some courts in the west, in remote areas and in minority autonomous regions await further improvement, and so on. We will adopt measures and strive to resolve these problems and challenges.

2014 Work Plan

This year, the people's courts will fully implement the spirit of the second and third plenary sessions of the Party's 18th People's Congress, study and implement the spirit of the Central Political Work Conference and The National People's Congress, earnestly implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important remarks, tightly focusing on the goal of 'letting the public feel fairness and justice from every case", resolutely persisting in the mainline of a judiciary for the people, and judicial fairness, continuously deepening judicial reforms and doing good work in all aspects of case handling.

First, actively promote the establishment of a peaceful China with the rule of law. Follow the law to strictly punish crimes that endanger state security, strictly punish all violent terrorist crimes like the Kunming March 1 attack on the public, strictly punish serious crimes that harm social safety and strictly punish crimes such as those destroying military facilities, to fully protect state security and social stability and increase the people's sense of security. Actively participate in the struggle against corruption, increasing the strength of corrections against corruption crimes in accordance with law, following the idea of striking at both 'tigers' and 'flies' together, to maintain a high level of pressure against crimes of corruption and bribery and promoting the construction of clean governance. Strictly follow the law in performing trial duties, maintaining the uniformity, dignity and authority of the nation's legal system, promoting social fairness and justice and guaranteeing the people's ability to live and work in peace and contentment.

Second is to provide strong judicial guarantees for comprehensive reform. Tightly revolve around the Party Central Committee's major allocations for comprehensive deepening of reforms to fully bring into play the adjudication duties in criminal, civil and administrative and other matters, and try all types of cases arising during the reform process in accordance with law. Promote the system of perfecting improving modern enterprises for state owned enterprises, support the systemic healthy development of non-public sectors of the economy, strengthen trial of new types of cases and ensure the smooth reform of the economic system in accordance with law. Place great emphasis on hearing cases of rural managed land operation transfers, medical treatment, food sanitation, social security, environmental protection and other areas, to properly resolve disputes and conflicts. Strengthen the judicial response to new situations and new problems, promptly providing judicial recommendations, drafting judicial interpretations in accordance with law and promoting the sustained healthy development of the economy and society.

Third is further strengthening a judiciary for the people and judicial fairness. Continuously adhering to the Party's mass line, properly hearing cases involving the people's livelihood, strengthening judicial facilitation of the people's interests and work, further breaking down the barriers in case-filing, litigation and enforcement, never allowing the people to be unable to afford a lawsuit, and earnestly safeguarding the public's legitimate rights and interests. Strengthen trial management, standardize judicial conduct, increase oversight and guidance and raise the quality and efficacy of judgments. Regulate the format of judicial opinion documents and strengthen their reasoning to allow the parties to fully understand regardless of whether they have won or lost. Complete and Improve mechanisms for the prevention and correction of unjust, never permitting crimes in law enforcement to cause an unjust, false or unjust case, and protecting innocents from prosecution. More conscientiously accept supervision from all quarters and through supervision promote justice.

Fourth, actively and prudently push forward the reform of the judiciary. Under the unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee and closely focusing around accelerating the construction of a fair, efficient and authoritative Socialist judicial system to promote all aspects of reform, formulating and implementing the "People's Court's Fourth Five-year Reform Outline (2014-2018)", to serve the modernization of the national governance system and its governance capacity-building. Follow the principle of letting those who try cases make judgments and those who make judgments bear responsibility for them to promote pilot operations mechanisms for the adjudication power and to resolve the problem of of the adjudication powers become overly administrative. Fully promote efforts to standardize sentencing and unify sentencing standards. Further enhance judicial transparency, announce all effective judgments of the Supreme People's Court and the 14 east-midland provinces online, and have all other provinces realize this goal within three years.

Hold in-court proceedings for commutation of sentences and parole cases, increase the degree of publicity for temporary service of sentences outside of prison, and ensure the open, fair and just enforcement of commutation, parole and temporary service outside of prison. Promote reform of petitioning involving lawsuits, improve mechanisms for requesting new trials and filing and accepting appeals, strictly enforce procedures for finality in petitioning involving litigation, actively launch efforts for online petitioning, going to locations to respond to petitions and bringing the case to the petitioners to properly resolve the public's lawful and reasonable demands. Promote the construction of intellectual property courts and organizations for resources and environment. Improve the system of judicial protections for human rights. Earnestly research pilot project plans on the unification of human resources and financial management of local courts below the provincial level, explore and establish a system of judicial jurisdictions separate from the administrative regions and a judicial personnel management system that meets the requirements of the special characteristics of judges' duties.

Five is further strengthening the establishment of Court teams. Strengthen ideological and political construction, practice core socialist values ​​and the concept of socialist rule of law to achieve faith in the rule of law, adherence to the rule of law, impartiality and incorruptibility, and impartial enforcement of law. Put great effort into strengthening the standardization, specialization and professionalization of the the court ranks to improve judicial capacity. Strengthen guidance of local courts' Party mass-line education and practice activities, continued unceasingly to improve judicial work styles, maintain hand-in-hand ties with the public, resolutely correct improper conduct such eating on the basis of public funds and casual spending, to truly resolve issues of cases impacted by relationships, by personal feelings and by money. Strictly implement systems for pursuing responsibility in wrongfully decided cases, carry out mandatory investigations into liability. Take a zero tolerance attitude, cutting deep to release the poison and showing heroic bravery in resolutely correcting acts of judicial corruption, resolutely clearing the rotten apples from the judicial ranks and striving to establish a clean judicial corps with firm convictions that enforces the law for the people and courageously performs its duties.

Sixth, is strengthening the foundation of work at the basic level courts. Increase trial supervision between court levels, eliminate irrational performance evaluation indicators,and strengthen guidance of lower courts, to help basic level courts increase the judicial skill. Vigorously advance efforts to incrementally promote judges, opening space for judges' professional development. Strengthen professional guarantees for the judiciary, skewing benefits policies towards the basic level to work at resolving issues and problems such as the schism between the basic level and job attrition and show concern for the physical and mental well-being of basic level judges. Increase the level of support for courts in the west, frontier areas, minority autonomous regions and the old revolutionary bases, and increase efforts such as aid to Tibet and Xinjiang to continuously improve the capacity and environment of lower level courts. Increase informational construction and analysis of big data from adjudication to better guarantee trial and enforcement work and to meet the public's needs. Strengthen in-court work, fully bringing into play the role of the people's courtrooms in innovative social governance, promoting their important role in social harmony and stability.

Delegates, the work responsibilities of the people's courts in the new situation are massive, and their mission is sacred. Under the resolute guidance of General Secretary Xi Jinping and the Party Central Committee, we will raise high the grand banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and with the guides of Deng Xiaoping theory, the important ideology of the three represents and the perspective of scientific development, we will earnestly implement the decisions of this assembly, loyally performing the duties provided in the constitution and laws, working steadily, expanding innovation, forging ahead, and overcoming adversity to make an even greater contribution to the achievement of the goals of the 'two one-hundred year [periods] and the Chinese Dream, which is the renaissance of the Chinese people!


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